NEWS
Интервью с членом Совета Федеральной палаты адвокатов Российской Федерации, Президентом Адвокатской палаты Республики Башкортостан Б.Г. Юмадиловым.: Интервью с Председателем Президиума Саратовской специализированной коллегии адвокатов, заслуженным юристом Российской Федерации, кандидатом юридических наук, профессором Н.П. Царевой: Интервью с доктором юридических наук, профессором, председателем Научно-консультативного и экспертного Совета Гильдии российских адвокатов, членом Научно-консультативного Совета Федеральной палаты адвокатов РФ, членом Научно-консультативного Совета при Ве: Интервью с вице-президентом Федеральной палаты адвокатов Российской Федерации С.И. Володиной: Интервью с доктором юридических наук, профессором, президентом Гильдии российских адвокатов, ректором Российской академии адвокатуры и нотариата Гасаном Борисовичем Мирзоевым:











RUS ENG
EVENTS
An appeal «Let’s Protect the Russian Advocacy!»
 
EVENTS
Feedback on Centre de la protection internationale events (Armenia, Yerevan, 10–14 October 2021)
 
HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE
Krainova N.A., Radoshnova N.V., Rusu O.I.
The deportation of soviet germans as one of the repressive aspects of the criminal policy of the stalinist period
Abstract: Purpose of the study is to study theoretical and practical retrospective and modern aspects of the criminal policy of the Russian state through the prism of critical analysis, development of new topical approaches to the formation of a policy of combating crime. Methods of content analysis, dialectical, system-structural, historical and comparative methods were used. Some aspects of the criminal policy of the «Stalinist» period, carried out in relation to the «Soviet» Germans, have been analyzed. It has been established that during this period the legal concept of «criminal policy» was replaced only by its political component. The repressive component of the criminal policy of the «Stalinist» period included such types of punishment that were absent in the Criminal Code of the RSFSR in 1926. In addition, repression as deportation was applied to representatives of other peoples of the USSR. The scientific novelty of the work lies in the fact that the authors, on the basis of historical sources, studies of modern specialists, analyzed the criminal policy of the Russian state of the Soviet period, based on the use of such a repressive measure as deportation (resettlement, exile, expulsion), which taking into account all the louder currently sounding proposals to return the application of such (or a similar) measure of punishment, its consolidation in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, is relevant.
Keywords: criminal policy, deportation, social protection measure, repression, labor army, special settlers
References
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5.St. 20 UK RSFSR 1926 g. [E`lektronny`j resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-informacionnoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
6.Vklad repressirovanny`x narodov SSSR v Pobedu v Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojne 1941–1945 gg.: monografiya / pod red. B.B. Bormangaeva. T. 1. E`lista: NPP Dzhangar, 2010.
7.Za chto v 1937 godu v Leningrade rasstrelyali 34 invalida? [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.masterok.livejournal.com.
8.Gromova N.A. Smerti ne by`lo i net: Ol`ga Berggol`cz: opy`t prochteniya sud`by`. M.: AST, 2020.
9.Postanovlenie SNK Soyuza SSR i CzK VKP(b) № 1732 «O razvitii pribrezhnogo lova ry`by` v Belom i Barencevom moryax», «O razvitii ry`bny`x promy`slov v bassejnax rek Sibiri i na Dal`nem Vostoke» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-informacionnoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
10.Ukaz Prezidiuma Verxovnogo Soveta SSSR № 39 «O merax nakazaniya dlya nemeczko-fashistskix zlodeev, vinovny`x v ubijstvax i istyazaniyax sovetskogo grazhdanskogo naseleniya i plenny`x krasnoarmejcev, dlya shpionov, izmennikov Rodiny` iz chisla sovetskix grazhdan i ix posobnikov» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-informacionnoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
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12.Berdinskix V., Verem`ev V. Kratkaya istoriya GULAGa. M.: Lomonosov``, 2019.
 
PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND ADVOCACY PROFESSION FUNCTIONING
Ragulin A.V.
New Draft Law «On Amendments to the Federal Law «On Advocacy and the legal profession in the Russian Federation»: the path to the loss of lawyer's independence
Abstract: Purpose of the study is to identify and assess the most significant features of the considered draft law and organizational and functional aspects of its development. We used the method of system analysis, historical method, formal-legal method, method of studying documents, method of included observation, structural-functional method and other methods of knowledge. The article examines the legislative innovations proposed for adoption in the next Draft of the Federal Law «On Amendments to the Federal Law «On Advocacy and the legal profession in the Russian Federation», prepared in 2021. The positive and negative characteristics of the draft law are highlighted. The organizational aspects of activity of the Federal Bar Association of the Russian Federation, which caused degradation of the Bar in the context of the discussed draft law and summarized the measures aimed at leveling the negative factors, accompanying the activity of this body of corporate management of the Bar, were analyzed.
The significance of the work lies in the fact that it formulates the provisions aimed stabilizing the regulatory and organizational development of the legal profession in Russia.
Keywords: lawyer, legal profession, lawyer chamber, Federal Chamber of Lawyers of the Russian Federation
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PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND ADVOCACY PROFESSION FUNCTIONING Zozulya A.A.
Advocacy as a self-regulatory institution of civil society: the theoretical and legal aspect
Abstract: Purpose of the study is to identify of the specifics of self-regulation of the Russian аdvocacy as an institution of civil society. Systemic, historical-legal, axiological and formal-legal methods are applied. The debatable nature of the category «self-regulation», the key characteristics of the self-regulation mechanism are determined, the atypical nature of the legal nature of the self-regulation of the lawyer community as an institution of civil society is substantiated. The assessment of the Russian аdvocacy as a hierarchically structured organization with differentiation of subjects and objects of regulation is given. It is concluded that it is necessary to develop the concept of «composite» advocacy, including public and private subinstitutions. The novelty, originality and value of the article is due to the author's application of the approach to the study of the institute of advocacy through the prism of the mechanism of self-regulation in the perspective of the communicative theory of law, the relevance of the problems considered and the practical significance of the reasoned conclusions.
Keywords: self-regulation, civil society, mechanism of legal regulation, social regulators
References
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PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND ADVOCACY PROFESSION FUNCTIONING Sotnikov D.V.
Guild and other association towers on the bar square
Abstract: Purpose of the study is to study the phenomenon of the professional association of lawyers in the form of the association of lawyer formations «Guild of Russian Lawyers» through the prism of the theory of advocacy and the theory of social networks. Formal legal method, situation analysis, information synthesis. The Russian legal profession, from the central role of the primary bar association-the collegium, has come to the complete loss of any significant role of the primary association, up to its non-binding nature for lawyers, providing solutions to issues arising between lawyers and the state in the course of carrying out advocacy activities at the mercy of the state. The Guild of Russian Lawyers appeared against the background of a conflict between «traditionalists» and «parallelists» («planned» colleges and colleges of new economic realities). The guild has never been an obstacle, but it also longed for unification, although on different principles, which did not prevent it from sometimes consolidating with the «traditionalists". The guild opposed the unstable system of the bar, which includes disunited individuals ("cabinet men"). Today, the Guild is a large node of the social network of the bar, able to broadcast its ideas both at the federal level and in most regions of Russia. The Guild is a non-systemic professional association that unites bar associations and law bureaus, which has no non-systemic or systemic analogues in the modern structure of the Russian bar. The Guild was the first in Russia to create a commission for the protection of professional rights of lawyers at the federal level. Prior to the adoption of the Law on the Bar in 2002, the Guild relied on strengthening the vertical by consolidating with new boards focused on working with business and in arbitration. At a time when all associations and associations of lawyers were non-systemic. Then the Law of 2002 he rebuilt the hierarchy-a tower tied to chambers and lawyers, and the lawyer's education was lost. The guild did not fight for dominance in the hierarchy, but preferred to go a different way, horizontally connecting and strengthening the bar associations and law offices, becoming for them the very «city» square – a platform for their central communication.
Currently, there are no scientific studies of specific public associations of lawyers. Meanwhile, the «tent» system of organizing the legal profession has shown its inefficiency, and among the public associations of lawyers, a natural selection took place, during which only associations of social value for the legal profession remained out of numerous associations and unions created from the mid-90s to the beginning of the noughties. These associations should be thoroughly investigated as a way of self-organization of the legal profession in a natural way, in order to formulate proposals for creating a system more effective than the one available today.
Keywords: advocacy, advocacy, chamber of advocates, lawyers 'rights, lawyers' public associations, the system of advocacy
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6.Pis`mo Gil`dii rossijskix advokatov v Federal`ny`j soyuz advokatov Rossii (arxiv GRA).
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8.Rol` advokatskix korporativny`x ob``edinenij v ukreplenii prestizha i povy`shenii e`ffektivnosti advokatskoj deyatel`nosti: materialy` mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii / pod obshh. red. G.B. Mirzoeva. M.: IG «GRANICzA», 2010. S. 192.
9.Advokatskaya praktika nedeli. 31.08.2021 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/89978.
10.Ustav associacii nekommercheskix organizacij – advokatskix obrazovanij «Gil`diya rossijskix advokatov», utverzhdenny`j uchreditel`noj konferenciej protokolom № 1 ot 27.01.1995, s izmeneniyami i dopolneniyami, utverzhdenny`mi S``ezdom GRA, protokolom № 9 ot 05.04.2007.
11.Svedeniya o sostave advokatskogo soobshhestva v Rossijskoj Federacii za 2020 god. 31.08.2021 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/practical-information/statistics/obshchaya-chislennost-advokatskogo-soobshchestva-rossii/.
12.Vestnik Gil`dii rossijskix advokatov. 1998. № 4.
13.Novy`j e`tap rossijskoj advokatury`: Doklad Prezidenta Gil`dii rossijskix advokatov, deputata Gosudarstvennoj Dumy` RF G.B. Mirzoeva na rasshirennom zasedanii prezidiuma Gil`dii rossijskix advokatov // Advokatskie vesti. 2002. № 8.
14.Gil`diya rossijskix advokatov. 31.08.2021 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/fpa-rf/partner/public-organizations/gildiya-rossiyskikh-advokatov/.
15.Sovmestnoe postanovlenie ispolkomov Gil`dii rossijskix advokatov i Federal`nogo soyuza advokatov Rossii № 1 ot 07.07.1998 «O pozicii rossijskoj advokatury` v svyazi s oshibochny`m otozhdestvleniem kollegij advokatov s obshhestvenny`mi ob``edineniyami».
16.Mart`yanova N.A. Konstruirovanie professional`-ny`x ob``edinenij: ot professional`ny`x grupp k e`kspert-ny`m soobshhestvam // Izvestiya Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A.I. Gercena. 2013. № 162. S. 136–140.
17.Model` I.M., Model` B.S. Vlast` v nekommercheskom obshhestvennom ob``edinenii // Nauchny`j ezhegodnik Instituta filosofii i prava Ural`skogo otdeleniya Rossijskoj akademii nauk. 2004. № 5. S. 344–354.
18.Xronika i fakty`. 31.08.2021 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://gra.ru/index.php/m1-o-gra/m1-hronika-i-fakty.
19.Polozhenie o Komissii. 31.08.2021 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://gra.ru/index.php/m1-komissiya-po-zashchite-advokatov/polozhenie-o-komissii.
20.Ragulin A.V. Pravovy`e i organizacionny`e sredstva obespecheniya realizacii professional`ny`x prav advokata-zashhitnika v Rossii i puti ix sovershenstvovaniya. 31.08.2021 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.eurasian-advocacy.ru/zashchita-professionalnykh-prav-advokata/765-pravovye-i-organizatsionnye-sredstva-obespecheniya-realizatsii-professionalnykh-prav-advokata-zashchitnika-v-rossii-i-puti-ikh-sovershenstvovaniya.
21.Polozhenie o Komissii Soveta Federal`noj palaty` advokatov Rossijskoj Federacii po zashhite prav advokatov. 31.08.2021 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/documents/fpa-rf/the-documents-of-the-council/position-about-the-commission-of-the-council-of-the-federal-chamber-of-lawyers-of-the-russian-federa/.
22.Status advokata dolzhen stat` v polnoj mere statusom prestizha: interv`yu Ragulina A.V. s uchreditelem Kollegii advokatov «Advokat», kandidatom yuridicheskix nauk, docentom Mixailom Yakovlevichem Rozentalem // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2014. № 6 (13). S. 7–9.
23.Postanovlenie Ispolkoma GRA № 1 ot 29.11.2012 «Ob itogax raboty` v 2012 godu i zadachax na 2013 god». 31.08.2021 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://gra.ru/index.php/m1-o-gra/docum-gra/66-dokumenty-gra-za-2012-god.
24.Protokol zasedaniya Ispolkoma GRA ot 29.11.2012 (arxiv GRA).
 
 
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Alеeva S.S.
Responsibility of «shadow directors» in Russian corporate law
Abstract: Purpose of the study is to analysis of the concept of «shadow director» and its features, as well as the responsibility of such persons. General scientific and special methods were used: theoretical generalization, synthesis; structural and logical analysis; grouping and classification.
This article allows us to conclude that the establishment of legal consequences for responsible persons is a guarantee of the stability of civil turnover and, of course, the protection of third parties, it seems very unfair when a person acting secretly manages to avoid responsibility. The purpose of Russian corporate law is to equate the legal position of the actual controlling persons with the position of directors duly elected.
The article has a high scientific value, since it is relevant in conducting an analysis of the regulation of activities and, most importantly, the responsibility of such persons whose purpose is to secretly carry out their activities.
Keywords: lender, Termination of the obligation, Legal entity, Actual control de facto, bankrupt
References
1.Balashov A.I., Belyakov V.G. Predprinimatel`skoe pravo dlya e`konomistov: uchebnik i praktikum. M.: Yurajt, 2017.
2.Budy`lin S.L. Standarty` dokazy`vaniya v bankrotstve // Vestnik e`konomicheskogo pravosudiya RF. 2018. № 11.27.
3.Dobrachev D.V. Aktual`ny`e problemy` sudebnoj praktiki v sfere korporativnogo i predprinimatel`skogo prava. M.: Infotropik Media, 2018.
4.Kaminka A.I. Osnovy` predprinimatel`skogo prava. M.: Zerczalo-M, 2015.
5.Shitkina I.S. Otvetstvennost` fakticheski kontroliruyushhix licz v korporativnom prave // Zakon. 2018. № 6.
6.Companies Act 2006 Explanatory Note § 322 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: legislation.gov.uk.
7.Miftaxutdinov R.T. Plenum chetko skazal, chto subsidiarnaya otvetstvennost` primenyaetsya v isklyuchi-tel`ny`x sluchayax // Zakon. 2018. № 6.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Khvenko T.I.
Problematic aspects of ensuring the participation of a lawyer during the search during the preliminary investigation
Abstract: Purpose of the study is Optimization of the procedure for providing a lawyer to participate in the search conducted by officials of the preliminary investigation bodies at the pre-trial stage of criminal proceedings. The method of analysis and formal legal method were used in the article.
Proposals have been developed to strengthen the guarantees of independence of ensuring the participation of a lawyer in the conduct of a search at the pre-trial stage of criminal proceedings.
The article contains specific proposals for improving the criminal procedural legislation in order to strengthen the guarantees of independence of ensuring the participation of a lawyer in the course of the search conducted at the pre-trial stage of criminal proceedings by officials of the investigation and inquiry bodies.
Keywords: advocate, defender, preliminary investigation, ensuring the participation of a lawyer during the search
References
1.Ugolovno-processual`ny`j kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 № 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021, s izm. ot 23.09.2021) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
2.Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 17 fevralya 2015 g. № 415-O «Ob otkaze v prinyatii k rassmotreniyu zhaloby` grazhdanina Barabasha Kirilla Vladimirovicha na narushenie ego konstitucionny`x prav punktami 1 i 5 chasti pervoj stat`i 53 i punktom 6 chasti chetvertoj stat`i 56 Ugolovno-processual`nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
3.Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 14 yanvarya 2020 g. № 4-O «Po zhalobe obshhestva s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost`yu «Chelyabinskij zavod po proizvodstvu koksoximicheskoj produkcii» (OOO «Mechel-Koks») na narushenie konstitucionny`x prav i svobod punktom 3 chasti vtoroj stat`i 38 i chast`yu odinnadczatoj stat`i 182 Ugolovno-processual`nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
4.Arabuli D.T. Praktika obespecheniya uchastiya storony` zashhity` pri proizvodstve sledstvenny`x dejstvij v sluchayax, ne terpyashhix otlagatel`stva // Vestnik YuURGU. Problemy` i voprosy` ugolovnogo prava, ugolovnogo processa i kriminalistiki. 2008. № 18. S. 33–35.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Bukhanov A.I.
Criteria for proficiency and insufficient proficiency in the language of legal discourse by participants in criminal proceedings
Abstract: Purpose of the study is to study the Russian legislation governing the participation of an interpreter in criminal proceedings, and to identify criteria that allow determining the degree of proficiency and insufficient knowledge of the language of legal discourse of participants in criminal proceedings. Among the methods used by the author when writing a work, one should single out dialectical, logical, statistical.
Based on the data of law enforcement practice and analysis of scientific research, the article reveals the criteria for the degree of proficiency and insufficient proficiency in the language of criminal proceedings, and also reflects the problems of law enforcement practice in the definition and establishment of such criteria. On the basis of the analysis of the research, the criteria for proficiency and insufficient proficiency in the language of the court system were determined and a method was proposed for establishing these criteria by the persons carrying out the criminal proceedings. Clarifications of the highest court will help to ensure a uniform approach to the definition and establishment of such criteria.
Keywords: translator, language of legal proceedings, criteria, insufficient language proficiency, fluency in the language
References
1.Aleksandrova O.I. Ugolovno-processual`ny`e i kriminalisticheskie osobennosti vozbuzhdeniya i rassledovaniya ugolovny`x del s uchastiem inostranny`x grazhdan: diss. ... kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2001. S. 42.
2.Golovinskaya E.P. Processual`no-pravovy`e osnovy` deyatel`nosti perevodchika po obespecheniyu principa yazy`ka ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva: avtoref. diss. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Voronezh, 2006.
3.Volosova N.Yu., Volosova M.V. Kriterii nedostatochnogo ponimaniya yazy`ka ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Rossijskaya yusticiya. 2019. № 2. S. 44–47.
4.Sarkisyancz G.P. Perevodchik v sovetskom ugolovnom processe. Tashkent, 1974. S. 24.
5.Ugolovnoe delo № 65/16-2016 po obvineniyu T. po ch. 1 st. 322 UK RF.
6.Ugolovnoe delo № 65/10-2016 po obvineniyu N. po ch. 2 st. 322 UK RF.
7.Ugolovnoe delo № 65/155-2021 po obvineniyu X. po ch. 2 st. 322 UK RF.
8.Ugolovnoe delo № 65/194-2015 po obvineniyu S. po ch. 2 st. 322 UK RF.
9.Ugolovnoe delo № 65/233-2016 po obvineniyu K. po ch. 2 st. 322 UK RF.
10.Konvenciya o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovny`x svobod (Rim, 4 noyabrya 1950 g.) s Protokolami (20 marta 1952 g., 16 sentyabrya 1963 g., 22 noyabrya 1984 g.) // Sobranie zakonodatel`stva Rossijskoj Federacii. 2001. № 2. St. 163.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Khalikov A.N.
The institution of preliminary investigation as a type of corruption factor in the regulation of economic relations in Russia
Abstract: The article analyses the negative role of preliminary investigation, current norms of the Federal Law «On Operative-Investigative Activity» and Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, which allow to put pressure on business structures and destroy private business in the Russian Federation. Analytical, comparative-legal and formal-legal methods were used. The legal possibilities of exerting pressure on private entrepreneurial structures by law enforcement agencies with the possibility of abuse of legal methods and current norms of operative-search and criminal-procedural legislation are demonstrated. The paper summarizes the systematic nature of negative impact on business entities on the part of preliminary investigation bodies, using the current rules of operational-investigative and criminal procedural legislation.
Keywords: detective-search activity, preliminary investigation, entrepreneurship, prosecutor's supervision, judicial control, criminal prosecution, economy
References
1.Arxiv MVD RF po Respublike Bashkortostan.
2.Kommersant. 2021. № 2.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Zotov A.Y.
Comparative analysis of concepts and forms of embezzlement in Russian and foreign legislation
Abstract: Purpose of the study is to study domestic and foreign legislation in order to define the concept and forms of theft. Historical-legal and formal legal methods were used.
In the last few years, it is necessary to note the increased interest of the legislator in the issues of detailed regulation of various manifestations of theft in domestic criminal law. Despite this, there are still unresolved problems in criminal law science that have negative law enforcement consequences. These include the lack of a uniform approach to classifying specific compounds as theft, despite the presence of a legal definition of theft in Note 1 to Article 158 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. In the science of criminal law, there are also questions of clearly fixing crimes from the category of theft, determining the classification grounds for forming a unified approach to the species diversity of the category of crimes under consideration in modern criminal law. The pluralism of criminal law thought regarding the issues of the manifestation of forms of embezzlement allowed us to state the existence of a legal backlash in the clear legislative fixation of forms of embezzlement. It is established that along with the traditional types of embezzlement regulated by the provisions of Chapter 20 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (crimes against property), norms also function in other sections of the Criminal Code. The article has a high scientific value, since it proves that the list of crimes containing the term «theft» is wider than the traditional classification of crimes from the category of theft by criminal law science.
Keywords: embezzlement, forms of embezzlement, seizure, theft, robbery, robbery, extortion, fraud.
References
1.Ugolovny`j kodeks RF ot 13.06.1996 № 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
2.Verchenko N.I. K voprosu o ponyatii xishheniya // Aktual`ny`e problemy` ugolovnoj i ugolovno-processual`noj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii: materialy` mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2017. S. 64–68.
3.Model`ny`j Ugolovny`j Kodeks ot 17.02.1996. (prinyat Postanovleniem Mezhparlamentskoj Assamblei gosudarstv – uchastnikov Sodruzhestva Nezavisimy`x Gosudarstv) // Oficial`ny`j sajt Antiterroristicheskogo centra gosudarstv – uchastnikov Sodruzhestva nezavisimy`x gosudarstv [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.cisatc.org.
4.Ugolovny`j kodeks Respubliki Belarus` ot 9 iyulya 1999 g., № 275–Z // Konsul`tant Plyus: Belarus` / OOO «YurSpektr», Nacz. centr pravovoj inform. Resp. Belarus`. Minsk, 2016.
5.Ugolovny`j kodeks Respubliki Kazaxstan ot 03.07.2014 // Informacionny`j pravovoj portal: PARAGRAF [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://online.zakon.kz/m/Document/?doc_id=31575252.
6.Ugolovny`j kodeks Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki ot 30.12.1999 // Rossijskij pravovoj portal: Biblioteka Pashkova [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://constitutions.ru/?p=5859.
7.Ugolovny`j Kodeks Ukrainy` ot 05.04.2001 (red. ot 30.03.2021) // Yuridicheskij portal [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://meget.kiev.ua/kodeks/ugolovniy-kodeks.
8.Ugolovny`j kodeks Federativnoj Respubliki Germaniya ot 13.11.1998 // Federal`ny`j pravovoj portal: Yuridicheskaya Rossiya [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://law.edu.ru.
9.Ugolovny`j kodeks Shvejczarii ot 12.12.1937 // Federal`ny`j pravovoj portal: Yuridicheskaya Rossiya [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://law.edu.ru.
10.Ugolovny`j kodeks Gollandii ot 03.03.1881 // Federal`ny`j pravovoj portal: Yuridicheskaya Rossiya [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://law.edu.ru.
11.Ugolovny`j kodeks Ispanii ot 23.11.1995 // Federal`ny`j pravovoj portal: Yuridicheskaya Rossiya [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://law.edu.ru.
12.Ugolovny`j kodeks Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki ot 14 marta 1997 g. // Oficial`ny`j sajt posol`stva KNR v RF [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://ru.china-embassy.org/rus/zfhz/zgflyd/t1330730.htm.
13.Ugolovny`j kodeks Respubliki Koreya ot 18.09.1953 // Rossijskij pravovoj portal: Biblioteka Pashkova [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://constitutions.ru/?p=5859.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Karpushkin A.V.
To the question of the criminal legal assessment of the actions of police employees who caused harm in the detention of the person who committed a crime
Abstract: Purpose of the study is to study the issues of assessing the actions of police officers who caused harm during the arrest of a person who committed a crime, the rules for qualifying the infliction of such harm, judicial practice on the subject under study. Systematic and formal legal methods were used.
Proposals were formulated to differentiate the actions of a police officer during the arrest of a criminal in the framework of the exercise of official powers and in the implementation of detention under the conditions of Article 38 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The necessity of considering each specific case is substantiated, in which there are grounds for the application of Part 2 of Art. Art. 108 or 114 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, by a panel of six jurors, for which it is proposed to include these norms in the list of clause 2.1, part 2 of Art. 30 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation. When considering the issue of qualifying the actions of police officers who have exceeded the measures necessary to detain a person who committed a crime, the need to qualify their actions for the totality of crimes provided for by Art. 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, and Art. Art. 108 or 114 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, for which it is necessary to amend the Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of September 27, 2012 No. 19.
The importance of the study is due to the difficulties in applying the investigated norms of the criminal law, the erroneous qualification of the actions of the police officers that did not comply with the law, which exceeded the measures necessary to arrest the person who committed the crime. The significance of the research results lies in the development of provisions for improving the criminal legislation in this area.
Keywords: causing harm during detention, qualifications, evaluative nature, legality, police officer
References
1.Baulin Yu.V. Pravo grazhdan na zaderzhanie prestupnika. Xar`kov: Vishha shk.: Izd-vo pri Xar`k. gos. un-te, 1986. S. 49.
2.Borisov S.V., Dmitrenko A.P., Russkevich E.A., Dajshutov M.M. Neobxodimaya oborona, krajnyaya neobxodimost`, zaderzhanie prestupnika (pravovaya ocenka dejstvij sotrudnikov policii) / otv. red. N.G. Kadnikov. M.: Institut zakonodatel`stva i sravnitel`nogo pravovedeniya, 2012. S. 101–103.
3.Bushuev G.V. Social`naya i ugolovno-pravovaya ocenka prichineniya vreda prestupniku pri zaderzhanii: ucheb. posob. / Ministerstvo vnutr. del SSSR, Gor`k. vy`ssh. shkola. Gor`kij: Gor`k. vy`ssh. shkola MVD SSSR, 1976. S. 67.
4.Dineka V.I. Kvalifikaciya dolzhnostny`x prestuplenij: ucheb. posob. / Ministerstvo vnutrennix del Rossijskoj Federacii, Moskovskij un-t. M.: MosU MVD Rossii, 2008. S. 46.
5.Dmitrenko A.P. Obstoyatel`stva, isklyuchayushhie prestupnost` deyaniya, v ugolovnom prave Rossijskoj Federacii. M.: Ileksa, 2010. S. 230.
6.Ezhemesyachny`j sbornik o sostoyanii prestupnosti v Rossii // Portal pravovoj statistiki. General`naya prokuratura Rossijskoj Federacii [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://crimestat.ru/analytics.
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8.Kuzneczov A.A. Voprosy` zaderzhaniya po delam o gruppovom xuliganstve // Problemy` povy`sheniya e`ffektivnosti deyatel`nosti organov vnutrennix del: mezhvuzovskij sbornik nauchny`x trudov. Omsk: Izd-vo Omskoj VShM MVD SSSR, 1990. S. 173.
9.Naumov A.V. Rossijskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Obshhaya chast`: kurs lekcij. M.: BEK, 1996. S. 363.
10.Nikulenko A.V. Usloviya pravomernosti prichineniya vreda pri zaderzhanii (st. 38 UK RF) // Problemy` pravovogo obespecheniya bezopasnosti lichnosti, obshhestva i gosudarstva: sbornik statej po materialam mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii / pod red. S.A. Polyakova. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo NGTU, 2014. S. 517.
11.Smirnova L.N., Mazurov V.A. Prichinenie vreda pri zaderzhanii licza, sovershivshego prestuplenie, v raz``yasneniyax plenumov Verxovny`x Sudov SSSR i RF // Izvestiya Altajskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2018. № 3(101). S. 109.
12.Smirnova L.N. Ugolovno-pravovoe regulirovanie zaderzhaniya licza, sovershivshego prestuplenie. SPb.: Yurid. centr Press, 2005. S. 215.
13.Sostoyanie prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii // Ministerstvo vnutrennix del Rossijskoj Federacii [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/reports/2.
14.Tocheny`j M.D. Ubijstvo libo prichinenie telesny`x povrezhdenij pri prevy`shenii mer, neobxodimy`x dlya zaderzhaniya licza, sovershivshego prestuplenie: ch. 2 st. 108 UK RF, ch. 2 st. 114 UK RF: diss. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Tol`yatti, 2006. S. 144–145.
15.Shhetinina N.V., Pashnin A.N. Predely` pravomernosti primeneniya sotrudnikami policii fizicheskoj sily`, special`ny`x sredstv i (ili) ognestrel`nogo oruzhiya // Vestnik Ural`skogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2016. № 4. S. 46–49.
 
OBITUARY
In memory of advocate A.V. Vorobyov