Интервью с членом Совета Федеральной палаты адвокатов Российской Федерации, Президентом Адвокатской палаты Республики Башкортостан Б.Г. Юмадиловым.: Интервью с Председателем Президиума Саратовской специализированной коллегии адвокатов, заслуженным юристом Российской Федерации, кандидатом юридических наук, профессором Н.П. Царевой: Интервью с доктором юридических наук, профессором, председателем Научно-консультативного и экспертного Совета Гильдии российских адвокатов, членом Научно-консультативного Совета Федеральной палаты адвокатов РФ, членом Научно-консультативного Совета при Ве: Интервью с вице-президентом Федеральной палаты адвокатов Российской Федерации С.И. Володиной: Интервью с доктором юридических наук, профессором, президентом Гильдии российских адвокатов, ректором Российской академии адвокатуры и нотариата Гасаном Борисовичем Мирзоевым:

Almaazmi Company (Dubai)
Law firm Gibasiewicz (Poland)
Andriulo & partners (Brindsi, Italy)
George Z. Georgiou & Associates LLC (Cyprus)
Melnichenko R.G.
The way to the total dictatorship of Russian federal bar association
Purpose: To evaluate the proposals of the Russian Federal Bar Association on the discussion of amendments to the Code of Professional Ethics of an Advocate (revised 2021).
Methodology: The hermeneutic, systemic and comparative legal methods were used, as well as the method of participatory observation.
Results: In Russia, there is a further transition from a democratic to a totalitarian regime of management of the Russian advocacy. This is manifested in the ever-increasing expansion of the scope of power of the advocates’ nomenclature, as well as in the redistribution of power from regional bar associations to the Federal Bar.
Novelty/originality/value: The paper is written on the basis of actual empirical material, and has not only theoretical but also applied value. The research carried out using the participatory observation method (discussion of the paper in public spheres) influenced the legal reality in the studied area.
Keywords: advocacy, advocate, development of advocacy, problems of advocacy, advocate ethics, Code of Professional Ethics of Advocate.
References (transliterated)
2.Ragulin A.V., Shavin V.A., Mel`nichenko R.G. Popravki Federal`noj palaty` advokatov v Kodeks professio-nal`noj e`tiki advokata: ustranyaya stary`e oshibki, nel`zya sovershat` novy`x! // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2020. № 6 (49). S. 9–18.
3.Ragulin A.V., Mel`nichenko R.G. Popravki Federal`-noj palaty` advokatov v Kodeks professional`noj e`tiki advokata 2021 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
4.Silkov P.Yu. Kodeks beschestiya: antigosudarstvo v gosudarstve // Advokatskie vesti Rossii. 2021. № 1–2. S. 18–19. Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. +7-917-40-61-340
Ragulin A.V.
Modern constitutional and legislative formalization of the status of advocacy in the former soviet states
Purpose: To study the modern constitutional, legal and legislative status of the advocacy in the states that were formerly part of the USSR.
Methodology: The methods of structural and functional analysis, the system method, the formal legal method, the comparative method, the retrospective method, the method of studying documents, the method of observation were used.
Results: The common features of a number of constitutions of the states that were formerly part of the USSR are showing that the constitutional legal status of the advocacy is defined as the status of an institution participating in the administration of justice. The existence of advocacy as a community is declared, the purpose of its activity is determined, a reference is made to regulation of the organization and activities of the advocacy legislation. An analysis of a number of constitutional acts revealed the following properties, signs and circumstances that need to be addressed in the framework of this study. Professional legal assistance is the goal of the advocacy. The establishment of guarantees of the independence of the advocacy is declared, as well as a «monopoly» of advocacy in relation to defense in criminal matters. The thesis on the unhindered exercise of the rights of the advocate and securing their rights to self-organize is also present, as well as ban on the obstruction of legal assistance. Among the purpose, goals and objectives of the activities of the legal profession, the legislation indicates in particular that advocacy serves the principles of legality, justice and humanism through the implementation of professional human rights activities within the framework of providing qualified legal assistance to individuals and legal entities, during which their rights, freedoms and legitimate interests are protected. The advocacy also clarifies legislation and provides legal education of citizens. It is also noted that the advocacy is defined as a self-governing, voluntary professional public association; an institution of civil society not included in the system of state bodies and local self-government bodies. The rights, duties and responsibilities of the advocates are determined by law. The advocacy acts to organize the provision of legal services in private and public interests, and also protects the professional rights of advocates.
Novelty/originality/value: The article have a scientific value, since it is one of the first modern attempts to study the modern constitutional and legislative formalization of the status of the advocacy in the states of the former USSR and its reflection in the legislation.
Keywords: advocacy, advocate, foreign eraft.
References (transliterated)
1.Ansel` M. Metodologicheskie problemy` sravnitel`-nogo prava // Ocherki sravnitel`nogo prava. M.: Progress, 1981. S. 38.
2.Zivs S.L. O metode sravnitel`nogo issledovaniya v nauke o gosudarstve i prave // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. 1964. № 3. S. 23–35.
3.Tixomirov Yu.A. Kurs sravnitel`nogo pravovedeniya. M.: NORMA, 1996.
4.K yubileyu Yuriya Aleksandrovicha Tixomirova // Evrazijskij yuridicheskij zhurnal. 2011. № 8 (39). S. 140–141.
Kostyuk M.F.
The concept and legal nature of a court fine
Purpose: To study of the social and legal essence of a judicial fine as another measure of a criminal-legal nature in order to highlight the signs, grounds and conditions for its application.
Methodology: Formally legal, comparative legal and systemic research methods were used.
Results: The article reveals the peculiarities of legal regulation of a court fine as another measure of a criminal-legal nature and as a type of exemption from criminal liability.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has scientific value and novelty, since it examines the social purpose of a court fine, its content and features, goals and objectives. The grounds and conditions for exemption from criminal liability in connection with the appointment of a court fine are analyzed. The legal consequences of non-payment of the court fine are reflected.
Keywords: legislation, punishment, normativeness, grounds, crime, court, justice, court fine, conditions.
References (transliterated)
1.Yusupov M. Voprosy` primeneniya novogo vida osvobozhdeniya ot ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti s naznacheniem sudebnogo shtrafa // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2016. № 6. S. 127.
2.Byulleten` Verxovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii. 2016. № 2 (fevral`).
3.Zvecharovskij I. O yuridicheskoj prirode sudebnogo shtrafa // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2016. № 6. S. 100.
4.Postanovlenie Plenuma Verxovnogo Suda RF ot 14.06.2018 № 17 «O nekotory`x voprosax, svyazan-ny`x s primeneniem konfiskacii imushhestva v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve», p. 10.
5.Ozhegov S.I. Slovar` russkogo yazy`ka / pod red. N.Yu. Shvedovoj. M.: Rus. yaz., 1990. S. 465.
6.Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii: Obshhaya chast` / pod red. V.P. Revina. M., 2016. S. 428.
7.Byulleten` Verxovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii. 2013. № 8 (avgust).
8.Postanovlenie Plenuma Verxovnogo Suda RF ot 27 iyunya 2013 g. № 19 (red. ot 29.11.2016 № 56) // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2013. № 145.
9.Chuchaev A.I., Gracheva Yu.V. Sudebny`j shtraf: problemy` pravoprimeneniya // Voprosy` rossijskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava. 2020 T. 10 № 1A. S. 162–171.
10.Anishhenkova S.V. Naznachenie sudebnogo shtrafa: Voprosy` teorii i praktiki // Zhurnal rossij-skogo prava. 2017. № 7. C. 120.
Kirsanova T.A., Tertychnaya I.V.
The concept of victim and witness in criminal law
Purpose: To reveal and define the concepts of a victim and a witness in criminal law.
Methodology: Historical and legal, formal legal methods were used in the research process.
Results: On the basis of the conducted research, it is proposed to legislate the terms «witness» and «victim» in criminal law.
Novelty/originality/value: On the basis of legislation, practical and theoretical aspects, the concepts of victim and witness in criminal law are disclosed and defined. Since the analysis of these concepts is hampered by the absence of their definitions in the criminal law, the work becomes especially relevant.
Keywords: victim, witness, crime, legal status, criminal law, criminal procedure.
References (transliterated)
1.Anoshhenkova S.V. Uchenie o poterpevshem v rossijskom ugolovnom prave: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Saransk, 2004. S. 26–27.
2.Anoshhenkova S.V. Ugolovno-processual`noe uchenie o poterpevshem. M., 2006. S. 7.
3.Apellyacionnoe postanovlenie Kostromskogo oblastnogo suda № 22-763/2018 ot 13 sentyabrya 2018 g. po delu № 22-763/2018 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
4.Bezlepkin B.T. Ugolovny`j process Rossii: ucheb. posob. M.: Knorus, 2016. S. 377.
5.Bozh`ev V.P. Usloviya dopuska poterpevshego k uchastiyu v predvaritel`nom sledstvii // Predvaritel`noe sledstvie v usloviyax pravovoj reformy` / pod red. V.S. Shadrina. Volgograd, 1991. S. 95.
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8.Davletov A.A. Osnovy` ugolovno-processual`nogo poznaniya. Ekaterinburg, 1997. S. 149–170.
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10.Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii / otv. red. V.M. Lebedev. 11-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: Yurajt, 2011. S. 306–309.
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14.Rossijskoe zakonodatel`stvo X–XX vv. T. 8. Sudebnaya reforma / otv. red. B.V. Vilenskij; pod obshh. red. O.I. Chistyakova. M., 1991. S. 120–122.
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21.Vedomosti Verxovnogo Soveta SSSR. 1960. № 40. St. 592.
Yakovlev O.K.
Analysis of digital currency legal definition
Purpose: The paper examines legal features of digital currency from the Legislative Act «On Digital Financial Assets, Digital Currency and on Amendments to certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation».
Methodology: In the course of the study special legal methods of cognition were used: comparison of digital currency with other objects of civil law, as well as legal prediction.
Results: The definition of digital currency introduced by the legislator does not reflect the essence of this phenomenon and does not help in law enforcement practice. It is necessary to further disclose features of digital currency in other regulatory acts.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high scientific value, since it contains conclusions important for science. The article also indicates the errors of law-making and need to correct them.
Keywords: digital currency, cryptocurrency, means of payment, investment, issue, obligated person, legal liability.
References (transliterated)
1.Informaciya Banka Rossii ot 04.09.2017 «Ob ispol`-zovanii chastny`x «virtual`ny`x valyut» (kriptovalyut)».
2.Pis`mo FNS Rossii ot 30.10.2018 № BS-3-11/7819@.
3.Postanovlenie Devyatogo arbitrazhnogo apellyacionnogo suda ot 15.05.2018 № 09AP-16416/2018 po delu № A40-124668/2017.
4.Egorova M.A. Problemy` sootnosheniya i pravovogo regulirovaniya kriptovalyuty`, bitkoina, cifrovoj i virtual`noj valyuty`: rossijskij i zarubezhny`j opy`t // Vestnik Universiteta imeni O.E. Kutafina (MGYuA). 2020. № 2.
5.Sitnik A.A. Cifrovy`e valyuty`: problemy` pravovogo regulirovaniya // Aktual`ny`e problemy` rossijskogo prava. 2020. № 11.
6.Tolkanov I.A. Pravovy`e aspekty` e`missii i obrashheniya kriptovalyut: problemy` i perspektivy` regulirovaniya v Rossii // Konkurentnoe pravo. 2019. № 3.
7.Vidy` kriptovalyutnoj e`missii [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
Mitkalev R.S.
Joint liability of the reorganized legal entity as an element of the mechanism of creditor’s rights protection
Purpose: A study of the possibility of applying the provisions of Art. 60 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation by creditors on obligations, the due date for which has already expired by the time of publication of the reorganization notice.
Methodology: Various general scientific and special legal methods were used, such as analysis, synthesis, generalizing and legalistic method.
Results: The analysis of the current legislation and enforcement practice concluded that creditors for obligations whose due date has occurred are placed in a less favorable position than creditors for obligations with a due date which has not come. As a result, the rights and legitimate interests of interested persons are violated, as well as the fundamental principles of civil law. It is concluded that the provisions of Art. 60 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation shall be applied only in the way of taking into account the equality of all creditors’ rights.
Novelty/originality/value: In the article, joint liability for the obligations of a reorganized legal entity is considered not as a sanction, but as an element of the mechanism (method) for the protection of creditor’s rights. The suggested conclusions can be used to fill the corresponding gaps in the legal regulation of the reorganization of legal entities.
Keywords: mechanism for the protection of the rights, reorganization, protection of creditor’s rights, civil liability, joint liability.
References (transliterated)
1.Agapova O.I. Zashhita prav kreditorov pri reorganizacii yuridicheskix licz: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2007. 32 s.
2.Bajbak V.V., Bevzenko R.S., Belyaeva O.A. i dr. Dogovornoe i obyazatel`stvennoe pravo (obshhaya chast`): postatejny`j kommentarij k stat`yam 307–453 Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii / Otv. red. A.G. Karapetov. M.: Statut, 2017. 1120 s.
3.Braginskij M.I., Vitryanskij V.V. Dogovornoe pravo. Obshhie polozheniya. 3-e izd., stereotipnoe. Kniga 1. M.: Statut, 2001. 848 s.
4.Vavilin E.V. Osushhestvlenie i zashhita grazhdanskix prav: 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: Statut, 2016. 416 s.
5.Volos A.A. Principy` obyazatel`stvennogo prava / Pod red. E.V. Vavilina. M.: Statut, 2016. 176 s.
6.Gribanov V. P. Osushhestvlenie i zashhita grazhdanskix prav. - M.: Statut, 2000. 411 s.
7.Galazova Z.V. Reorganizaciya yuridicheskogo licza: teoretiko-pravovoe obosnovanie: monografiya. M.: Yusticinform, 2017. 188 s.
8.Kolodub G.V. K voprosu o mexanizme zashhity` grazhdanskix prav // Zashhita chastny`x prav: problemy` teorii i praktiki: materialy` III ezhegodnoj mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, 19-20 sentyabrya 2014 g. / Bajkal`skij gosudarstvenny`j universitet e`konomiki i prava. Irkutsk, 2014. S. 66-70.
9.Reuf V.M. Special`no-yuridicheskie principy` prava: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Volgograd. 24 s.
10.Rodionova O.M. Pravovy`e formy` realizacii volevy`x otnoshenij v mexanizme grazhdansko-pravovogo regulirovaniya: dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. M, 2017. 502 s. 
Kanatova A.K.
The issue of absent shareholders
Purpose: To address the problematic issues concerning absent shareholders.
Methodology: Systematic-structural, sociological, historical-legal, social-legal, comparative-legal and statistical methods were used in the course of study.
Results: Proposals and decisions are based on the analysis of the current regulatory legal provisions of the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan Republic. The high relevance and practical significance of this paper lies in the analysis of missing shareholders. The special significance of this study is that the theoretical provisions developed by this work can be used for further study and consideration of the legal regulation of the rights of absentee shareholders in the future.
Novelty/originality/value: This article is of high scientific value because it is one of the hot issues in the first at- tempt to consider the legal regulation of absentee shareholder’s rights.
Keywords: shareholder, absent shareholders, management of a joint-stock company, shareholder’s rights, protection of shareholder’s rights, General meeting of shareholder’s, Board of Directors, Charter.
References (transliterated)
1.Grazhdanskij kodeks RK (arxivnaya versiya) ot 27.12.1994 № 268-XIII // Vedomosti Parlamenta RK. 1996. № 2. St. 95. S. 187.
2.Grazhdanskij kodeks RK (osobennaya chast`) ot 01.07.1999 № 409-I // Vedomosti Parlamenta RK. 2000. № 22. St. 1083. S. 408.
3.Grazhdanskij kodeks RK (obshhaya chast`) ot 27.12.1994 № 268-XIII // Vedomosti Parlamenta RK. 1996. № 2.S. 187. S. 291.
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5.Zakon RK ot 13.05.2003 № 415 «Ob akcionerny`x obshhestvax» // Kazaxstanskaya pravda. 2003. 16 maya. № 141–142. St. 50.
6.Zakon RK ot 13.05.2003 № 415 «Ob akcionerny`x obshhestvax» // Kazaxstanskaya pravda. 2003. 16 maya. № 141–142. St. 73.
7.Zakon RK ot 13.05.2003 № 415 «Ob akcionerny`x obshhestvax» // Kazaxstanskaya pravda. 2003. 16 maya. № 141–142. St. 15.
8.Orexov G. «Mertvy`e dushi» v Reestre akcionerov: Neobxodimost` zakonodatel`nogo regulirovaniya // Vestnik Korporativnogo upravleniya. 2007. Vy`p. № 4. S. 10.
9.Postanovlenie Pravitel`stva RK ot 26.07.2002 № 833 «Nekotory`e voprosy` ucheta, xraneniya, ocenki i dal`nejshego ispol`zovaniya imushhestva, obrashhennogo (postupivshego) v sobstvennost` gosudarstva po otdel`ny`m osnovaniyam» // SAPP RK. 2002. № 25. St. 260.
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11.Federal`ny`j zakon ot 26.12.1995 № 208-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020) «Ob akcionerny`x obshhestvax» // SZ RF. 1996. 1 yanvarya. № 1. St. 47.
12.Federal`ny`j zakon ot 26.12.1995 № 208-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020) «Ob akcionerny`x obshhestvax» // SZ RF. 1996. 1 yanvarya. № 1. St. 47.
13.Yuzefovich Zh.Yu. Funkcii yuridicheskoj otvetstvennosti i formy` ix realizacii po rossijskomu zakonodatel`stvu: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2004. S. 22.
Zaulochnaya S.A.
Some features of the institution of joint will of spouses: comparative characteristics of the legislation of the Russian Federation and Ukraine
Purpose: Conceptualization of the interpretation and assessment of the joint will model viability in the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Methodology: The study is based on structural and functional analysis, formal legal and comparative legal methods.
Results: The article provides a comparative analysis of legal regulation and doctrinal approaches to a joint will in the Russian Federation and Ukraine. A conclusion is made about the essential features of the domestic model of the legal structure in question.
Novelty/originality/value: The scientific value and practical significance of this article is expressed in the fact that a comparison of new legislative structures of the Russian Federation with the states where similar tools are applied in practice, allow us to determine the ways of their improvement and can be useful for further research.
Keywords: disposition of property, will, joint will, will of spouses.
References (transliterated)
1.Parasyuk M.V. Osoblivostі ukladennya zapovіtu podruzhzhya // Naukovij vіsnik L`vіvs`kogo derzhavnogo unіversitetu vnutrіshnіx sprav. serіya yuridichna. 2016. Vip. 3. S. 91–100 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
2.Blinkov O.E. O dopustimosti kollektivny`x zaveshhanij v rossijskom grazhdanskom prave // Vestnik Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Pravo. 2014. № 1. S. 10–15.
3.Kajmakova E.V. Sovmestnoe zaveshhanie suprugov: sravnitel`no-pravovoj analiz rossijskoj i zarubezhnoj modelej // Nasledstvennoe pravo. 2020. № 1. S. 35–38. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
4.Nіmak M.O. Spіl`nij zapovіt podruzhzhya: problemi skladannya ta vikonannya na prakticzі // Zhurnal sxіdnoєvropejs`kogo prava. 2019. № 69. S. 169–176.
5.Povarov Yu.S. Problemy` sdelochnoj interpretacii sovmestnogo zaveshhaniya suprugov // Notarius. 2019. № 5. S. 33–36. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
6.Blinkov O.E. O sovmestnom zaveshhanii suprugov v rossijskom nasledstvennom prave: by`t` ili ne by`t`? // Nasledstvennoe pravo. 2015. № 3. S. 3–7.
7.Gushhin V.V. Ponyatie i pravovoj rezhim sovmestnogo zaveshhaniya suprugov // Semejnoe i zhilishhnoe pravo. 2019. № 2. S. 9–12.
8.Kuxarєv O.E`. Sutnіst` zapovіtu podruzhzhya za civіl`nim zakonodavstvom Ukraїni // Forum prava. 2016. № 3. S. 167–173 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
Daishutov M.M., Kadnikov F.N.
On the issue of criminal responsibility for defamation
Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to examine the current problems of criminal responsibility for defamation, i.e. the crime stipulated by Article 128.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Methodology: The formal-legal, comparative-legal and systematic methods of research were used.
Results: Main and qualified corpus delicti of crimes, the responsibility for which is stated in five parts of clause 128.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation in its updated version were analyzed. The proposals for more precise qualification of the act and its delimitation from the adjacent crimes are formulated.
Originality/originality/value: The article has a certain scientific value and is devoted to consideration of a topical problem.
Keywords: criminal liability for libel, objective and subjective elements of defamation, qualification of deliberately false information dissemination with regard to judicial interpretation and differentiation from other crimes.
References (transliterated)
3.Artebyakina N.A., Makarova T.A. Problemy` zashhity` prav chastnogo obvinitelya po delam o klevete // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. 2019. T. 13. № 4. C. 651–660.
4.Rossijskaya gazeta: Federal`ny`j vy`pusk. 2012. № 156 (5829) (11 iyulya).
5.Sudebnaya statistika po delam, rassmatrivaemy`m federal`ny`mi arbitrazhny`mi sudami, federal`ny`mi sudami obshhej yurisdikcii i mirovy`mi sud`yami [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
Krainova N.A.
The concept of resocialization and it’s place in the system of uniform right to counter crime
Purpose: Research of theoretical and practical aspects of the concept of resocialization, determination of the place and meaning of resocialization in the system of unified crime prevention law.
Methodology: The method of content analysis, dialectical, system-structural and logical methods were used.
Results: The normative legal acts regulating activities related to the re-socialization of convicts have been analyzed, it has been established that victims of crimes also need re-socialization. A conceptual approach to resocialization, as a process and as a result, is determined, the indicators of which are the failure of a person to commit crimes. The concept of legislation on combating crime is proposed.
Novelty/originality/value: The scientific novelty of the work lies in the fact that the author considers the category of resocialization in the context of combating crime. Based on the conducted empirical research, proposals are formulated to improve legal regulation in this area.
Keywords: resocialization, convicts, functions of criminal law impact, crime prevention.
References (transliterated)
1.Prikaz Ministerstva yusticii RF ot 19 marta 2015 g. № 62 «Ob utverzhdenii Poryadka formirovaniya popechitel`skogo soveta pri ispravitel`nom uchrezhdenii, sroka polnomochij, kompetencii i poryadka deyatel`nosti ukazannogo popechitel`skogo soveta» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
2.Prikaz FSIN Rossii ot 26.01.2007 № 32 «O sozdanii Obshhestvennogo soveta pri Federal`noj sluzhbe ispolneniya nakazanij po problemam deyatel`nosti ugolovno-ispolnitel`noj sistemy`» (utratil silu) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
3.Prikaz Federal`noj sluzhby` ispolneniya nakazanij ot 1 oktyabrya 2013 g. № 542 «O sozdanii Obshhestvennogo soveta pri Federal`noj sluzhbe ispolneniya nakazanij po problemam deyatel`nosti ugolovno-ispolnitel`noj sistemy` i utverzhdenii ego sostava» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
4.Federal`ny`j zakon ot 10 iyunya 2008 g. № 76-FZ «Ob obshhestvennom kontrole za obespecheniem prav cheloveka v mestax prinuditel`nogo soderzhaniya i o sodejstvii liczam, naxodyashhimsya v mestax prinuditel`nogo soderzhaniya» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
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6.Prikaz Minyusta Rossii ot 30.12.2005 № 262 (red. ot 21.07.2016) «Ob utverzhdenii Polozheniya o gruppe social`noj zashhity` osuzhdenny`x ispravitel`nogo uchrezhdeniya ugolovno-ispolnitel`noj sistemy`» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
7.Federal`ny`j zakon ot 06.04.2011 № 66-FZ (red. ot 08.03.2015) «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel`ny`e zakonodatel`ny`e akty` Rossijskoj Federacii v svyazi s prinyatiem Federal`nogo zakona «Ob administrativnom nadzore za liczami, osvobozhdenny`mi iz mest lisheniya...» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
9.Polozhenie o psixologicheskoj laboratorii ispravitel`nogo uchrezhdeniya, sledstvennogo izolyatora ugolovno-ispolnitel`noj sistemy` Ministerstva yusticii Rossijskoj Federacii: prilozhenie k prikazu GUIN Ministerstva yusticii Rossijskoj Federacii ot 9 iyulya 1999 goda № 251 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
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11.Adoevskaya O. Celi ugolovno-ispolnitel`noj politiki: ne vozmezdie, a ispravlenie i resocializaciya // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. 2020. № 3 (54). S. 31–38.
12.Minyust gotovit sozdanie sluzhby` probacii v Rossii [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
13.Federal`ny`j zakon ot 23.06.2016 № 182-FZ «Ob osnovax sistemy` profilaktiki pravonarushenij v Rossijskoj Federacii» [E`lektronny`j resurs] URL:
14.Shestakov D.A. Ot ponyatiya prestupnosti k kriminologii zakona // Obshhestvenny`e nauki i sovremennost`. 2008. № 6. S. 139–140.
15.Shestakov D.A. Prestupnost` sredi social`ny`x podsistem // Prestupnost` sredi social`ny`x podsistem. Novaya koncepciya i otrasli kriminologii / pod red. D.A. Shestakova. SPb.: Yuridicheskij centr Press, 2003.
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17.Shhedrin N.V. Predely` predupreditel`noj deyatel`nosti  // Lex Russica. 2018. № (142). S. 39–55.
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19.Petrovskij A.V. Resocializaciya osuzhdyonny`x v rossijskoj kriminologicheskoj politike [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL:
20.Shestakov D.A. Postliberal`naya paradigma i pravo protivodejstviya prestupnosti // Pravotvorcheskie i pravoprimenitel`ny`e paradigmy` rekonstrukcii ugolovnogo zakonodatel`stva: nacional`ny`j i mezhdunarodny`j opy`t modelirovaniya: kollektivnaya monografiya / otvet. red. d.yu.n. A.E. Mizanbaev. Kostanaj, 2012. S. 111, 113.
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Smirnov A.I.
International standards for ensuring the economic security of business entities
Purpose: То study the legal framework of international standards for ensuring the safety of business entities.
Methodology: General theoretical and formal legal methods were used.
Results: The article examines the existing international standards for ensuring economic security as a basis for its monitoring. This shows that the processes of guaranteeing economic security are essential in the modern world and include a significant number of procedures. The overwhelming majority of strategies for ensuring economic security are based on radical economic reforms, integration into world security systems, entry into economic unions and organizations. The study showes the urgent need to improve the methods of implementing economic security on the basis of a comprehensive analysis of a set of international standards and criteria for economic orientation, which will form a system of effective response to economic risks and crises.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high scientific value, since it showed the need to improve the methods of implementing the economic security of business entities, since a high degree of their security ensures the economic stability of the state as a whole.
Keywords: economic security, economic entities, threats, national interests, pandemic, crisis, integration processes, standards, criteria.
References (transliterated)
1.Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (GK RF) ot 30 noyabrya 1994 goda N 51-FZ \\ Sobr. zakonodatel`stva Ros. Federacii/
2.Federal`ny`j zakon «O zashhite konkurencii» ot 26.07.2006 N 135-FZ (poslednyaya redakciya) \\ Sobr. zakonodatel`stva Ros. Federacii.
3.Bekkalieva N.K., Xarchenko I.N. Sovremenny`e standarty` sposobov i sredstv zashhity` informacii kak faktor obespecheniya e`konomicheskoj bezopasnosti xozyajstvuyushhego sub``ekta \\ V sbornike: Ispol`zovanie innovacionny`x texnologij v razrabotke i realizacii e`konomicheskix reform. sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2018. S. 20-24.
4.Kirchenko M.A. Teoreticheskie osnovy` ispol`zova-niya standarta e`konomicheskoj bezopasnosti v deyatel`-nosti xozyajstvuyushhego sub``ekta \\ V sbornike: Investicionnoe i kadrovoe obespechenie innovacionnogo vosproizvodstva na territoriyax: dinamika, problemy` i perspektivy`. Materialy` IV Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodny`m uchastiem. 2020. S. 65-69.
5.Polyakov V.D. Standart obespecheniya e`konomi-cheskoj bezopasnosti xozyajstvuyushhego sub``ekta \\ V sbornike: Molodezh` i XXI vek - 2020. Materialy` 10-j Mezhdunarodnoj molodezhnoj nauchnoj konferencii. V 4-x tomax. Otvetstvenny`j redaktor A.A. Goroxov. 2020. S. 222-225.
6.Shevyakov A.Yu., Belyaev A.V., Kuzneczov I.A. Specifika podgotovki v obrazovatel`nom uchrezhdenii specialistov industrii gostepriimstva v ramax obespecheniya e`konomicheskoj bezopasnosti xozyajstvuyushhix sub``ektov \\ V sbornike: Global`ny`e problemy` modernizacii nacional`noj e`konomiki. Materialy` IX Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Otv. redaktor A.A. Burmistrova [i dr.]. 2020. S. 552-557.
7.ISO 22005, Traceability in the feed and food chain – General principles and basic requirements for system design and implementation; ISO Guide 73:2009, Risk management – Vocabulary ISO Rukovodstvo 73:2009, Menedzhment riska – Slovar`.
8.Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme. Codex Alimentarius Commission: Procedural Manual. Twenty-fifth edition, 2016.
9.Draft ISO 31000:2009. Risk management - Principles and guidelines [elektronnij resurs] / VMIA. – 2009 . – Rezhim dostupu: 5. Grant P. ISO 31000:2009 – Setting a New Standard for Risk Management / Grant P. // Risk Analysis. – Vol. 30. - №6. – 2010. – P. 881 – 886.
10.Methodware. Impact of ISO 31000 on Existing ERM Programs [Elektronnij resurs] / Methodware. 2010. – Rezhim dostupu:
Boginskij M.M.
Unlawful impact on the person as a form of counteraction to the proceedings
in the Criminal case
Purpose: To study of some theoretical and legal aspects of countering criminal proceedings carried out in the form of unlawful influence on a person.
Methodology: Formal legal methods were used.
Results: In this paper, the author determines the place of unlawful influence on a person in the mechanism of countering criminal proceedings, revealing the essence and signs of this phenomenon, as well as systematized methods of counteraction in the form of unlawful influence on a person, and also shows the influence of this phenomenon on the institution of ensuring personal security in a criminal case process.
Novelty/originality/value: The scientific and practical value of the article is explained by the fact that the study of the controversial theoretical and legal aspects of unlawful influence on a person is an important step towards improving the mechanism for ensuring the criminal procedural security of an individual and the process of neutralizing opposition to criminal proceedings, which are important areas development of criminal procedure law.
Keywords: counteraction, personality, unlawful influence, influence on personality, criminal proceedings.
References (transliterated)
1.Antonov I.O., Verin A.Yu., Klyukova M.E., Shagieva R.V. Transformaciya instituta priostanovleniya proizvodstva po ugolovnomu delu v stadii predvaritel`nogo rassledovaniya // Ucheny`e trudy` Rossijskoj akademii advokatury` i notariata. 2018. № 4 (51). S. 113–116.
2.Belkin R.S. Protivodejstvie rassledovaniyu i puti ego preodoleniya kriminalisticheskimi i operativno-rozy`skny`mi sredstvami i metodami // Kriminalisticheskoe obespechenie deyatel`nosti kriminal`noj milicii i organov predvaritel`nogo rassledovaniya: uchebnik / pod red. T.V. Aver`yanovoj i R.S. Belkina. M.: Novy`j Yurist``, 1997. C. 129.
3.Epixin A.Yu., Mishin A.V. Mezhdisciplinarny`e problemy` doprosa zashhishhaemogo licza v sudebnom razbiratel`stve po ugolovnomu delu // Problemy` protivodejstviya prestupnosti: opy`t, sovremennoe sostoyanie i puti resheniya: sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvyashhennoj pamyati professora V.A. Malyutkina. Cheboksary`, 2019.
4.Epixin A.Yu., Mishin A.V. Mezhotraslevaya sistema mer bezopasnosti uchastnikov ugolovnogo processa // Social`no-pravovaya zashhita detstva kak prioritetnoe napravlenie sovremennoj gosudarstvennoj politiki: sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2018.
5.Epixin A.Yu., Mishin A.V. Soxranenie v tajne dan-ny`x o lichnosti zashhishhaemogo licza v ugolovnom dele: processual`ny`j i kriminalisticheskij aspekty` // Taktiko-metodicheskie osobennosti rassledovaniya e`konomi-cheskix i iny`x prestuplenij: sbornik statej. Kazan`, 2018.
6.Klimov I.A., Sinilov G.K. Protivodejstvie kriminal`-noj sredy` kak ob``ekt i predmet issledovaniya teorii ORD // Organizovannoe protivodejstvie raskry`tiyu i rassledovaniyu prestuplenij i mery` po ego nejtralizacii: sbornik statej. M.: Yurid. in-t MVD Rossii, 1997.
7.Livshicz L.V. Problemy` preodoleniya protivodejstviya rassledovaniyu prestuplenij nesovershennoletnix. Ufa: Vostochny`j universitet, 2001. S. 18.
8.Luzgin I.M., Lavrov V.P. Sposob soversheniya prestupleniya i ego kriminalisticheskoe znachenie. M.: Akademiya MVD SSSR, 1980.
9.Moskvin E.O. Protivodejstvie predvaritel`nomu rassledovaniyu: ponyatie i klassifikaciya // Voronezhskie kriminalisticheskie chteniya / pod red. O.Ya. Baeva. Voronezh: Izd-vo Voronezhskogo gos. un-ta, 2002. Vy`p. 3.
10.Ozhegov S. I. Tolkovy`j slovar` russkogo yazy`ka / S.I. Ozhegov, N.Yu. Shvedova. 4-e izd., dop. M.: Azbukovnik, 2000.
Vasilyeva M.A.
On certain measures to eliminate the circumstances contributing to environmental crimes
Purpose: To increase the effectiveness of investigators during the investigation of environmental crimes through their use of modern forensic ideas about the measures to eliminate the circumstances that contributed to the commission of such crimes.
Methodology: Historical-legal and formal-legal methods, as well as method of the included observation were used.
Results: The author has identified measures to eliminate the circumstances that contributed to the commission of environmental crimes related to the removal of natural resources. Such measures include: making a presentation on the elimination of circumstances that contributed to the commission of environmental crimes; implementation of legal environmental education of the population; taking measures to generalize and analyze the criminogenic circumstances revealed in the course of the investigation. The main emphasis is placed on the role and importance in the activities of law enforcement agencies to eliminate the circumstances that contributed to the commission of environmental crimes, making a presentation to eliminate the circumstances that contributed to the commission of environmental crimes.
Novelty/originality/value: The author have analyzed the actions of the investigator aimed at eliminating the circumstances that contributed to the commission of crimes, which are considered by the author as one of the significant areas of planning the investigation of crimes. Elimination of circumstances which contributed to committing environmental crimes is presented by the author as a natural continuation of realization of the investigator’s actions aimed at establishing of circumstances which contributed to committing of crimes.
Keywords: environmental crime, investigation, circumstance that contributed to the crime, measures of identification of circumstances, measures of elimination of circumstances, planning of investigation, presentation on elimination of causes and conditions that contributed to the crime.
References (transliterated)
1.Vasil`eva M.A. Kriminalisticheskie aspekty` ustanovleniya obstoyatel`stv, sposobstvovavshix soversheniyu e`kologicheskix prestuplenij // Rassledovanie prestuplenij: problemy` i puti ix resheniya. 2021. № 1. S. 5–25.
2.Vasil`eva M.A. Metodika rassledovaniya prestuplenij v sfere e`kologii: monografiya. M.: Yurlitinform, 2019.
3.Kolina Yu.A., Momot N.V., Kamliya I.L. Tendencii razvitiya e`kologicheskoj situacii v Primorskom krae // Gumanitarny`e nauki i estestvoznanie: problemy`, idei, innovacii: materialy` II Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodny`m uchastiem / pod obshh. red. E.A. Nazarova. Chistopol`, 2020. S. 9–12.
4.Kolina Yu.A., Momot N.V., Kamliya I.L. K voprosu ob e`kologicheskix popravkax v Konstituciyu RF 2020 goda // Rol` agrarnoj nauki v razvitii lesnogo i sel`skogo xozyajstva Dal`nego Vostoka: materialy` IV Nacional`noj (Vserossijskoj) nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii: v 4-x ch. / otvet. red. I.N. Kim. Ussurijsk, 2020. S. 238–241.
5.Perederij V.A. Kriminalisticheskaya profilaktika prestuplenij organami predvaritel`nogo sledstviya: metod. rek. / pod red. A.M. Bagmeta. M., 2017. S. 4.
6.Reshenie Elizovskogo rajonnogo suda Kamchatskogo kraya ot 3 fevralya 2020 g. po delu № 2A-2015/2019.
Buev Y.N., Vasilieva M.A.
Mechanism for the initial investigation of violations of environmental regulations
in the performance of work
Purpose: The authors of the article note the need to improve the activities of law enforcement agencies to identify and investigate violations of environmental protection rules in the course of work, which is important both for theoretical study and for practical use.
Methodology: The conclusions of the article are based on the use of the general dialectical method of cognition, as well as general scientific and special research methods.
Results: The authors come to the conclusion that the content of the initial stage of the investigation of crimes under Article 246 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation should be based on whether the crime was reported by a specific person or organization, or the materials on the discovery of a violation of environmental protection rules during the work were received from environmental control bodies. The hypothesis is put forward that the optimization of the activities of investigators to identify and investigate violations of environmental protection rules in the course of work can be achieved by taking into account the features identified and indicated in the article for checking reports of such facts, as well as the specifics of the production of individual investigative actions.
Novelty/originality/value: The article considers the differences in the procedure of actions of investigators when receiving information about the commission of crimes related to violations of environmental protection rules during the production of works from two different types of sources. It is indicated on the peculiarities of the production of investigative actions in the course of the investigation of crimes of the category under consideration.
Keywords: forensic methods, environmental crimes, rules of protection, environment, work production, the initial stage of the investigation, investigative actions.
References (transliterated)
1.Vasil`eva M.A. Distancionny`j monitoring v rassledovanii nezakonny`x rubok lesny`x nasazhdenij // Territoriya novy`x vozmozhnostej. Vestnik Vladivostokskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta e`konomiki i servisa. 2014. № 3 (26). S. 142–146.
2.Vasil`eva M.A., Zubenko E.V. K voprosu ob ustanovlenii obstoyatel`stv, podlezhashhix dokazy`vaniyu po ugolovny`m delam o nezakonnoj doby`che vodny`x bioresursov i rubke lesny`x nasazhdenij // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. 2019. T. 27. № 4. S. 504–509.
3.Vasil`eva M.A., Ovchinnikov Yu.G. Ispol`zovanie special`ny`x znanij pri osmotre mesta proisshestviya po faktu nezakonnoj rubki lesny`x nasazhdenij (po materialam Dal`nevostochnogo federal`nogo okruga) // Biblioteka kriminalista. Nauchny`j zhurnal. 2014. № 5 (16). S. 367–371.
4.Kriminalistika: uchebnik (uroven` specialiteta) / pod red. A.I. Bastry`kina, E.P. Ishhenko, Ya.V. Komissarovoj. M.: Prospekt, 2019.
5.Momot N.V. i dr. K morfologii vseyadny`x zhivotny`x // Innovacionny`e texnologii v veterinarnoj medicine, zhivotnovodstve i prirodooxrannom komplekse Dal`nevostochnogo regiona: sbornik nauchny`x statej mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii / Primorskaya gosudarstvennaya sel`skoxozyajstvennaya akademiya. Primorsk, 2012. S. 189–192.
6.Prigovor Ilovlinskogo rajonnogo suda Volgogradskoj oblasti № 1-4/2018 ot 13.02.2018.
7.Prigovor Kumenskogo rajonnogo suda Kirovskoj oblasti № 1-39/2019 ot 18 iyulya 2019 g.
8.Prigovor Lixoslavl`skogo rajonnogo suda Tverskoj oblasti № 1-63/2017 ot 29.11.2017.
9.Samolaeva E.Yu., Borodkina T.N. O nekotory`x problemax rassledovaniya e`kologicheskix prestuplenij, sovershenny`x v promy`shlenny`x gorodax // Vestnik e`konomicheskoj bezopasnosti. Pravo. 2020. № 2. S. 125.
10.Shherbich L.A. Osobennosti rassledovaniya prestuplenij v sfere e`kologii (na primere nezakonnoj rubki lesny`x nasazhdenij) // Biosfera. 2010. № 3. S. 412.
Panin V.A.
Corruption crimes in the sphere of housing and communal services, committed by employees of state and municipal institutions and organizations
Purpose: To investigate the investigative actions used in the disclosure of corruption crimes in the housing and communal complex committed by employees of state and municipal institutions and organizations, to develop a regulation on the private forensic methodology for investigating these crimes.
Methodology: In the process of studying the problem of corruption, the method of logical, statistical analysis and the formal legal method were used.
Results: The article presents and examines the statistics of corruption crimes in the sphere of housing and communal services, among persons receiving a bribe. The methodology of applying investigative actions in practice to solve corruption crimes in the housing and utilities sector is studied. A special methodology has been developed for the interaction of the investigator with specialists in the field of housing and communal services, experts, and control and audit bodies, which is necessary for the effective detection and suppression of corruption crimes in the field of housing and communal services committed by employees of state and municipal institutions. A set of measures to eliminate corruption among regional operators for major repairs is proposed.
Novelty/originality/value: Тhe article is characterized by scientific novelty and has practical value.
Keywords: corruption, housing and communal complex, crime, state and municipal employees, investigative actions, bribery, tactics.
References (transliterated)
1.Alieva G.A. Sxemy` soversheniya vzyatochnichestva i kommercheskogo podkupa v sfere ZhKX // Rossijskij sledovatel`. 2016. №. S. 3–6.
2.Bagmet A.M. Processual`noe vzaimodejstvie sledovatelya s organami doznaniya: ucheb. posob. M.: YuNITI-DANA, 2018.
3.Balabaev A.D. Korrupcionny`e prestupleniya v sfere zhilishhno-kommunal`nogo xozyajstva: osnovny`e sxemy` i prichiny` soversheniya // Molodoj ucheny`j. 2019. № 51. S. 65–66.
4.Potapkin S.N. K voprosu o kvalifikacii otdel`ny`x e`konomicheskix prestuplenij v sfere ZhKX // Vestnik Altajskoj akademii e`konomiki i prava. 2020. № 4. Ch. 1. S. 154.
5.Oficial`ny`j sajt Ministerstva vnutrennix del RF [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://xn—b1aew.xn--p1ai/reports/item/22678184/.
Akhmetgaleev V.R.
A letter rogatory as one of the forms of obtaining information important in Choosing a criminally effective preventive measure
Purpose: To study the criminally significant circumstances for resolving the issue of the application of preventive measures by the investigator.
Methodology: Historical and legal, formal legal methods were used in the research process.
Results: Based on the systematization and analysis of the requirements of the legislation governing the use of preventive measures, the author has formulated guidelines for the formation of a letter rogatory.
Novelty/originality/value: Based on this study, the role and significance of the institution of a separate commission and its results in the formation of the evidence base, its consolidation and significance in deciding the application of procedural coercion measures against the suspect and / or the accused have been highlighted. The author reveals the forensic nature of the results of a separate order, their significance for consolidating the evidence base and obtaining new information that affects the choice of an effective preventive measure in relation to the suspect and / or the accused.
Keywords: investigator, preliminary investigation, activities of the investigator, criminalistics, letter rogatory, preventive measures, operational search information, factual data, evidence base, identity of the accused (suspect).
References (transliterated)
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Bulakh D.B.
Problems of interrelation of judicial practice and judicial precedent
Purpose: The purpose of the work is to solve a complex scientific problem on the development of a theoretical concept of interrelation of judicial precedent and judicial practice, based on the study and analysis of international legal standards, as well as legal systems of foreign countries, the development and scientific substantiation of proposals for its legal support and use in law enforcement practice.
To achieve this goal, the following tasks were formulated: consider the theoretical and methodological foundations of the concept of judicial practice; to reveal the concept of judicial precedent as a source of law and its relationship with judicial practice.
Methodology: The methodological basis of the study is a set of general scientific, special-scientific and specifically scientific methods that are used not in isolation, but in combination with others.
Results: The article is devoted to the issues of determining the role of judicial practice and judicial precedent in the domestic doctrine. It is noted that for the convenience of applying the judicial precedent, its division into types is applied in order to correctly understand and apply the law. We also emphasize that the judicial precedent, which plays a key role in the development of the Anglo-Saxon legal family, is becoming an increasingly significant source in the Romano-Germanic legal family. From this perspective, it is erroneous to associate the judicial precedent only with the formation of the common law system in the countries of the Anglo-Saxon legal family, since, by virtue of human nature, the desire of judges and statesmen to follow the practice of their predecessors or rely on their own previously adopted decisions can be traced throughout the entire history of mankind and in almost all legal systems.
Novelty/originality/value: The article highlights the main problems of defining the concepts of judicial practice and judicial precedent, and their correlation based on the provisions of the domestic theory of law, thus it is concluded that it is necessary to study the influence of judicial practice on the formation of judicial precedent as a full-fledged source of law, which allows enhance the effectiveness of law enforcement.
Keywords: judicial precedent, judicial practice, application of law, legal doctrine, source of law, law-making, legislation.
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Declaration of Сoncern
Open address to the delegates of the X All-Russian convention of advocates
Address by advocate
Ragulin Andrey Viktorovich to the delegates of the X All-Russian convention of advocates
Address by advocate
Gusakov Yuri Vitalievich to the delegates of the X All-Russian convention of advocates
Address by advocate
Baldanceren Amgalan to the delegates of the X All-Russian convention of advocates
Address by Darvina Irina Viktorovna to the delegates of the X All-Russian convention of advocates
Reference to the monograph by N.V. Babich «Legal regulation and organization of activities of bodies of preliminary investigation in the Russian Federation»