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Интервью с членом Совета Федеральной палаты адвокатов Российской Федерации, Президентом Адвокатской палаты Республики Башкортостан Б.Г. Юмадиловым.: Интервью с Председателем Президиума Саратовской специализированной коллегии адвокатов, заслуженным юристом Российской Федерации, кандидатом юридических наук, профессором Н.П. Царевой: Интервью с доктором юридических наук, профессором, председателем Научно-консультативного и экспертного Совета Гильдии российских адвокатов, членом Научно-консультативного Совета Федеральной палаты адвокатов РФ, членом Научно-консультативного Совета при Ве: Интервью с вице-президентом Федеральной палаты адвокатов Российской Федерации С.И. Володиной: Интервью с доктором юридических наук, профессором, президентом Гильдии российских адвокатов, ректором Российской академии адвокатуры и нотариата Гасаном Борисовичем Мирзоевым:








RUS ENG
HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE
Olenev A.B.
Standard regulation of a professional privilege of the lawyer defender on commission of the actions which are not contradicting to the legislation of the Russian Federation: retrospective analysis
Purpose: A research of process of historical development of fixing in the legislation of the Russian Federation of a professional privilege of the lawyer defender on commission of the actions which are not contradicting the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Methodology: Historical-legal and formal-legal methods were used.
Results: As the Russian legislation initially allowed participation of the defender in criminal trial in the absence of a direct regulation of its procedural laws, a state at which it is authorized to defender to undertake any, the actions which are not forbidden by the law within its professional activity, is its natural legal state owing to what this right is subject to obligatory fixing in the legislation. Strengthening of a role of the defender in criminal trial caused need of a detailed standard regulation of powers of this person which, since lifetime of an absolute monarchy, finishing 1992, was carried out by direct fixing in the legislation of the limited list of actions in this connection the defender during implementation of professional activity had no right to make any actions which are directly not provided by the current legislation. Modern approach of the Russian legislator which when designing the list of professional privileges of the lawyer defender gave a priority to a dispositive method of legal regulation and established that the lawyer defender has the right to make the actions which are not contradicting the legislation conforms to requirements of international legal norms, so - and shows to the interests of the state and society achievement of reasonable balance of a combination of imperative and dispositive methods of legal regulation of the public relations in the sphere of production on criminal cases.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has the high scientific value as is the first attempt to consider history of development of domestic legal profession through a prism of evolution of a professional privilege of the lawyer defender on commission of the actions which are not contradicting the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: legal profession history, the lawyer defender, professional privileges of the lawyer, the right of the lawyer defender for commission of the actions which are not contradicting the legislation of the Russian Federation.
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PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND ADVOCACY PROFESSION FUNCTIONING
Melnichenko R.G.
E-jury trials for lawyers
Purpose: Acquaint with the project of introduction in Russia of electronic jury trial for lawyers and free lawyers.
Methodology: The use of statistical and hermeneutic and comparative-historical method.
Results: There are six reasons for introducing an electronic jury in Russia for lawyers and free lawyers.
Novelty/originality/value: The absence of such scientific publications on the topic of the article indicates its novelty. Combining new (Internet, software algorithms) and established (jury trial) technologies – its originality. We offer scientific generalization and its values.
Keywords: the legal profession, disciplinary proceedings, jury trials, e-communication platforms, e-surveys, Code of professional ethics of lawyer.
References (transliterated)
1.Batychko V.T. Sovremennye problemy osushhestvleniya pravosudiya v Rossii s uchastiem prisyazhnykh zasedatelej // Izvestiya YUzhnogo federal’nogo universiteta. Tekhnicheskie nauki. 2009. S. 193.
2.Reshenie XVI ocherednoj konferentsii advokatov Moskovskoj oblasti ot 03 fevralya 2017 g. // Sajt advokatskoj palaty Moskovskoj oblasti [EHlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.apmo.ru/?show=conferencing_solutions#XVI_conference.
3.Reshenie XVII ocherednoj konferentsii advokatov Moskovskoj oblasti ot 02 marta 2018 g. // Sajt advokatskoj palaty Moskovskoj oblasti [EHlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.apmo.ru/?show=conferencing_solutions#XVII_conference.
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ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Makarov R.V., Gabdrakhmanov F.V.
Qualification of the error in the determination of the subjective side of crime and their classification
Purpose: Analysis of qualification mistakes made by law enforcement officers in determining the characteristics of the subjective side of the crime, their classification.
Methodology: Comparative legal and formal legal methods were used.
Results: On the basis of the analysis of the legislation, scientific literature and judicial practice (empirical base of researches made over 1100 sentences and other judicial decisions made in 2004–2018), qualification mistakes connected with incorrect determination of signs of the subjective party of crime, types of intention and negligence, their structural elements are classified, their influence on judicial practice is shown.
According to the results of the conducted researches, it is proposed to classify qualification errors in determining the signs of the subjective side of the crime into the following groups:
1) Related to the incorrect definition of the form of guilt, types of intent or negligence or their non-designation;
2) Arising from the improper definition of the purpose and motive of the crime or their non-designation, in cases where the latter have a qualifying value;
3) Caused by discrepancy between the types of intention and negligence specified in the sentence and the description of their intellectual and strong-willed elements;
4) Related to the indication in the sentence of specific types of intent (negligence), which by virtue of the law or the decision of the Plenum of the RF armed forces are not applicable to this type or stage of committing crimes (for example, an unfinished crime committed in complicity with different degrees of co-execution, etc.).
Mistakes in the qualification of individual crime connected with the fact that law enforcement officers do not always take into account that the period from the moment of occurrence to the end of the subjective side of the crime in time does not always coincide, and often exceeds the period of Commission of socially dangerous act. For example, the purpose and motive of the crime may arise long before the Commission of a socially dangerous act, the intention to deprive life may be evidenced by the relationship between the perpetrator and the victim before and after the Commission of the crime. In terms of improving the legislation, it is proposed to exclude from part 3 of article 25 of the criminal code, revealing the indirect intent, the phrase»did not want».
Novelty/originality/value: The Work is one of the first, which offers a detailed classification of qualification errors related to the subjective side of the crime, shows the reasons for their occurrence, a proposal to amend article 25 of the criminal code.
Keywords: subjective aspect of crime, guilt, intent, negligence, direct intent, indirect intent, frivolity, negligence, double form of guilt.
References (transliterated)
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14.Smirnov V.А. TSel’ kak priznak sub»ektivnoj storony prestupleniya // Sibirskij yuridicheskij vestnik. 2014.№ 1. S. 65–72.
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16.Obzor sudebnoj praktiki po ugolovnym delam za oktyabr’ 2013 goda // Informatsionnyj byulleten’ Belgorodskogo oblastnogo suda. 2014.№ 2.
17.Opredelenie№ 22-597 ot 10.04.2015 // Obzor sudebnoj praktiki po ugolovnym delam Verkhovnogo Suda Respubliki Mordoviya za I polugodie 2015 goda [EHlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://vs.mor.sudrf.ru/modules.php?name=docum_sud&id=388.
18.Postanovlenie Plenuma Verkhovnogo Suda RF ot 27.01.1999№ 1 (red. ot 03.03.2015) «O sudebnoj praktike po delam ob ubijstve (st. 105 UK RF)».
19.Postanovlenie Prezidiuma Verkhovnogo Suda Udmurtskoj Respubliki ot 16 fevralya 2018 goda. Dostup iz GАS «Pravosudie».
20.Prigovor suda ot 26 iyulya 2010 g. v otnoshenii А. // Obzornaya spravka o sostoyanii sudimosti i kachestva raboty sudov Respubliki Marij EHl po rassmotreniyu ugolovnykh del za 2010 god.
21.Kassatsionnoe opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po ugolovnym delam Verkhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federatsii ot 24 fevralya 2004 goda po delu№ 4-004-24.
22.Kassatsionnoe opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po ugolovnym delam Pskovskogo oblastnogo suda ot 20 iyulya 2011 goda po delu№ 22-811 v otnoshenii O. [EHlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://rospravosudie. com/court-pskovskij-oblastnoj-sud-pskovskaya-oblast-s/act-103652793.
23.Izvlechenie iz opredeleniya sudebnoj kollegii po ugolovnym delam№ 22-1327/14 ot 03.05.2015 // Byulleten’ sudebnoj praktiki Moskovskogo oblastnogo suda za I kvartal 2015 goda [EHlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.mosoblsud.ru/ss_detale.php?region=&id=148299&w[]= 2015.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Matveev S.A.
Ways to overcome the deformation (distortion) of the principles of the appointment of punishment when reflected in judicial sentences
Purpose: To develop and outline ways to overcome (distort) the principles of the appointment of punishment when reflected in judicial sentences.
Methodology: Dialectical method of cognition of social reality, complex consideration of social reality.
Results: The causes of the deformation (distortion) of the principles of the appointment of punishment in the case of reflection in judicial sentences have been determined and suggested are the crooked ways to overcome it.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high scientific value, because it is one of the first attempts to determine the causes of deformation (distortion) of the principles of imposing punishment when reflected in judicial sentences and to work out ways to overcome it.
Keywords: principles of punishment, causes, deformation (distortion), reflection, judicial sentences, ways to overcome.
References (transliterated)
1.Аntonyan YU.M. ZHestokost’ v nashej zhizni. M.: Infra-M, 1995.
2.Borodin S.V. Eshhe raz o smertnoj kazni za ubijstvo // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2001.№ 4. C. 56.
3.Vitsin S. Vremya kaznit’ v Rossii zakonchilos’? // Rossijskaya yustitsiya. 1999.№ 3. C. 10.
4.URL: http://bezokov.com/bolezni/ot-spirtnogo/smert-
ot-alkogolya. [EHlektronnyj resurs]. Vliyanie alkogolya na smertnost’ v Rossii
5.Kvashis V. Smertnaya kazn’ v SSHА // Ugolovnoe pravо. 1996.№ 9. S. 103.
6.URL: sudact.ru. [EHlektronnyj resurs]. Prigovor№ 1-310/2017 ot 22 avgusta 2017 g. po delu№ 1-310/2017 Istrinskij gorodskoj sud (Moskovskaya oblast’)
7.URL: sudact.ru. [EHlektronnyj resurs] Prigovor№ 1-562/2015 ot 22 sentyabrya 2015 g. po delu№ 1-562/
2015 Joshkar-Olinskij gorodskoj sud (Respublika Marij EHl).
8.URL: sudact.ru. [EHlektronnyj resurs]. Prigovor№ 1-641/2015 ot 9 dekabrya 2015 g. po delu№ 1-641/2015 Joshkar-Olinskij gorodskoj sud (Respublika Marij EHl).
9.URL: sudact.ru. [EHlektronnyj resurs]. Prigovor№ 1-507/2017 ot 11 sentyabrya 2017 goda po delu№ 1-507/2017 Joshkar-Olinskij gorodskoj sud (Respublika Marij EHl)
10.URL: https://netnarkotiki.ru/blog/kak-lyudi-umirayut-ot-alkogolya-1.html. [EHlektronnyj resurs]. Skol’ko v Rossii umirayut ot alkogolya
11. URL: http://peregrebnoe.rf/sotsialno-kulturnaya-sfera/federalnye-sluzhby/4935/. [EHlektronnyj resurs]. Statistika narkomanii v Rossii: tsifry i fakty
12.Glushkov V.S., Gabdrakhmanov F.V. Pravo i sud v kontekste istorii i sovremennosti / pod obshh. red. O.V. Glushkovoj. Joshkar-Ola: String, 2008.
13. Shajkhullin M.S. Printsip zakonnosti vo vzaimootnosheniyakh advokatury i organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2012.№ 1 (1).
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Bochkovsky A.F.
The right to appeal against judicial decisions in the system of guarantees of rights to judicial protection
Purpose: Research into the problem of realization of the right to cassation appeal against judicial decisions that have entered into legal force.
Methodology: Historical, legal and formally legal methods were used.
Results: The article points out the imperfection of the mechanism of cassation appeal against judicial decisions provided for by article 401.8 of the Code of Criminal Procedure. The current legislation gave the Chairman of the Supreme court of the Russian Federation and his Deputy the right not to agree with the decision of the judge of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation on refusal to transfer the appeal, representation for consideration in court session of court of cassation instance. Also the Chairman has the right to make the resolution on cancellation of such resolution and on transfer of the cassation complaint, representation with criminal case for consideration in court session of the relevant court of cassation instance. However, such a mechanism is not provided for appealing against decisions on refusal to transfer the cassation appeal of court judges at the regional level. In this regard, it is necessary to amend article 401.8 Code of Criminal Procedure.
Novelty/originality/value: The relevance of the chosen topic is due to the imperfection of the mechanism of appeal which is provided by article 401.8 of the code of criminal procedure, due to the lack of regulation of this issue in the legislation.
Keywords: appeal against court decisions, guarantees of the rights to judicial protection, appeal against refusal to transfer the appeal.
References (transliterated)
1.Belanova G.O., SHul’zhenko I.S. Peresmotr sudebnykh reshenij v Rossii: istoriko-teoreticheskij analiz // Leningradskij yuridicheskij zhurnal. 2015.№ 1.
2.Borodinova T.G. Konstitutsionnoe pravo na peresmotr sudebnykh reshenij i ehffektivnost’ ego realizatsii v sovremennom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Obshhestvo i pravo. 2013.№ 3.
3.Grudtsyna L.YU. Sudebnaya zashhita prav i svobod lichnosti: teoreticheskij aspekt // Zakonodatel’stvo i ehkonomika. 2003.№ 8.
4.Kravchenko O.А. Tendentsii v obespechenii prava na zashhitu i prava na sudebnuyu zashhitu v sovremennykh usloviyakh (na modelyakh pravomernogo povedeniya) // Аdvokatskaya praktika. 2017.№ 4.
5.Kurpas M.V. Pravo na obzhalovanie sudebnykh reshenij – sostavnoj ehlement konstitutsionnogo prava na sudebnuyu zashhitu (problemy realizatsii, perspektivy razvitiya) // Konstitutsionnoe i munitsipal’noe pravo. 2011.№ 12.
6.Pyatkina T.YU., Tarakanova N.G. Garantii realizatsii prava na sudebnuyu zashhitu // Studium. 2014.№ 1–2.
7.Snezhko O.А. Konstitutsionnye osnovy gosudarstvennoj zashhity prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina v RF: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Saratov, 1999.
8.Fedotova O.V. Osnovnye aspekty sudebnoj zashhity kak garantii obespecheniya prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina // Uchenye zapiski Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Gumanitarnye i sotsial’nye nauki. 2014.№ 2.
9.Filatova M.А. Obzhalovanie i peresmotr sudebnykh reshenij v stranakh kontinental’nogo i obshhego prava // Vestnik RUDN. YUridicheskie nauki. 2007.№ 5.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Igbaeva G.R., Shakirova Z.R.
Qualifying signs of entrepreneurial activity
Purpose: To determine the qualifying signs of entrepreneurial activity.
Methodology: We used a special scientific cognition methods: formal legal, comparative legal, historical, system analysis and others.
Results: Based on the analyses of the civil legislation, legal acts in entrepreneurship, the scientific doctrine, law-enforcement acts in article through research of normative signs the qualifying signs of business activity are defined.
Novelty/originality/value: The article contains a consistent statement of arguments in support of the conclusion about the four qualifying features of entrepreneurship: independence, riskiness, focus on profit, independent property responsibility.
Keywords: entrepreneurship, characteristics of entrepreneurship, independence, risk, profit, systematic, registration of entrepreneurial activities.
References (transliterated)
1.Belykh V.S. Pravovoe regulirovanie predprinima-tel’skoj deyatel’nosti v Rossii: monografiya. M.: Prospekt, 2009.
2.Grosul YU.V. O prave nekommercheskikh organizatsij na zanyatie predprinimatel’skoj deyatel’nost’yu // Predprinimatel’skoe pravo. Prilozhenie «Biznes i pravo v Rossii i za rubezhom». 2013.№ 3. S. 16–18.
3.Ershova I.V., Ivanova T.M. Predprinimatel’skoe pravo: ucheb. posob. M.: YUrisprudentsiya, 1999. S. 3–5.
4.Kabyshev O.А. Pravomernost’ predprinimatel’-skogo riska // KHozyajstvo i pravo. 1994.№ 3. S. 47–48.
5.5. Lebedeva E.I. Predprinimatel’skoe pravo: uchebnik. M., 2004. S. 10.
6.Lysenko E.S. Otdel’nye voprosy kvalifikatsii predprinimatel’skoj deyatel’nosti // Аktual’nye problemy chastnopravovogo regulirovaniya obshhestvennykh otnoshenij: sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj nauchno-teoreticheskoj konferentsii. 2017. S. 48–53.
7.Mitsyk G.YU. Normativno-pravovye, doktrinal’-nye i pravoprimenitel’nye priznaki predprinimatel’skoj deyatel’nosti // Pravo i ehkonomika. 2017.№ 7. S. 5–11.
8.Olejnik O.M. Formirovanie kriteriev kvalifikatsii predprinimatel’skoj deyatel’nosti v sudebnoj praktike // Predprinimatel’skoe pravo. 2013.№ 1. S. 2–16.
9.Popondopulo V.F. Pravovoj rezhim predprinima-tel’stva. SPb., 1994. S. 14–15.
10.Rajzberg B.А. Predprinimatel’stvo i risk // Novoe v zhizni, nauke, tekhnike. 1992.№ 4. (Ekonomika).
11.Tishanskaya O.V. Ponyatie predprinimatel’skoj deyatel’nosti // Pravovedenie. 1994.№ 1. S. 68.
12.Chornovol E.P., Goloviznin А.V. Normativno-pravovye, doktrinal’nye i pravoprimenitel’nye priznaki predprinimatel’skoj deyatel’nosti // Pravo i ehkonomika. 2016.№ 1. S. 16–22.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Hilchuk E.L.
Actual questions of representatives of employeesin relations on the resolution of labor disputes
Purpose: To consider topical issues of representation of workers in the relations on permission of labor disputes: to investigate single topical issues of representation of workers in the relations on permission of labor disputes, to reveal characteristic features of representation in labor relations and contradictions of the labor law regulating an order of permission of individual labor disputes regarding possible representation of workers.
Methodology: Private and scientific methods of knowledge were used: legallistic, comparative and legal, historical, system analysis and others.
Results: The labor code of the Russian Federation limited possibilities of the representative of the worker to permission of an individual labor dispute in the commission on labor disputes in this connection the author offers to complement the Labour code with the corresponding norm eliminating the specified contradictions. The main body for permission of individual labor disputes is the court now. In article questions of representation of workers in court on individual labor disputes are considered. The relevant standards of the labor and civil procedural law are analysed. The attention to a role of labor unions in permission of individual labor disputes is paid. The author allows a possibility of formation of institute of lawful public representation of workers with investment with the corresponding rights and obligations of labor unions.
Novelty/originality/value: Article contains a number of the author’s conclusions and generalizations important for jurisprudence and practice.
Keywords: representation, workers, labor union, powers, individual labor disputes.
References (transliterated)
1.Vasil’ev V.A. Predstavitel’stvo nesovershennoletnih rabotnikov: teoriya i praktika razvitiya // Trudovoe pravo. 2006.№ 9. S. 9–12.
2.Zajceva L.V. Predstavitel’stvo rabotnikov v individual’nyh trudovyh otnosheniyah // Rossijskij yuridicheskij zhurnal. 2016.№ 1. S. 150–158.
3.Il’inskaya I.M., Lesnickaya L.F. Sudebnoe predstavitel’stvo v grazhdanskom processe. M.: YUrid. lit., 1964.
4.Kostyan I.A. Processual’nye osobennosti rassmot-reniya i razresheniya individual’nyh trudovyh sporov // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. 2007.№ 4. S. 263.
5.Lebedev V.M., Voronkova E.R., Mel’nikova V.G. Sovremennoe trudovoe pravo (opyt trudopravovogo komparativizma). Kn. 1 / pod red. V.M. Lebedeva. M.: Statut, 2007.
6.Nevzgodina E.L. Predstavitel’stvo i doverennost’ po grazhdanskomu pravu Rossii (Problemy teorii. Zakonodatel’stvo RF. Voprosy pravoprimenitel’noj praktiki) / pod red. V.L. Slesareva. Omsk, 2005.
7.Nevzgodina E.L. YUridicheskaya sushchnost’ predstavitel’stva kak universal’noj formy posrednichestva // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Pravo. 2012.№ 2 (31). S. 121–129.
8.Osokina G.L. Kurs grazhdanskogo sudoproizvodstva Rossii. Obshchaya chast’: ucheb. posob. Tomsk, 2002.
9.Popova D.G. Zakonnoe predstavitel’stvo nesovershennoletnih (mezhotraslevoj aspekt) // YUridicheskij mir. 2013.№ 7. S. 14–18.
10.Rozenberg YA.A. Predstavitel’stvo v sovetskom grazhdanskom processe. Riga, 1974.
11.Ryasencev V.A. Predstavitel’stvo v sovetskom grazhdanskom prave: dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk. M., 1948.
12.http://trudprava.ru/news/protestnews/1901.
13.http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79.
14.http://www.garant.ru.
 
PROTECTION OF THE PROFESSIONAL RIGHTS OF ADVOCATE
Vlasov A.A., Molokhov A.V.
To a question of relationship of lawyers and investigators in criminal trial (on the example of St. Petersburg)
Purpose: The analysis of topical issues of relationship of lawyers and investigators in criminal trial (on the example of St. Petersburg).
Methodology: Formal legal and statistical methods were used.
Results: In article, on the basis of results of questioning, the conclusion that investigators see gaps in legal regulation of implementation of witness protection and the victims, are negative to carrying out an obligatory video of investigative actions, pay attention to unfair behavior of protection at implementation of requirements of Art. 217 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation, wish to have a legal opportunity to appeal against actions of the lawyer for his attraction to disciplinary responsibility is drawn and at the same time, indifferently treat a lawyer secret and lawyer proofs.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has a certain scientific value as represents a research of a current scientific problem.
Keywords: Lawyer, investigator, relationship, pretrial investigation.
References (transliterated)
1.Аdvokatura Rossii: uchebnik / pod red. S.S. YUr’eva. M.: YUrajt, 2011.
2.Bojkov А.D. Tret’ya vlast’ v Rossii (ocherki o pravosudii, zakonnosti i sudebnoj reforme 1990–1996 gg.). M., 1997.
3.Bojkov А.D. EHtika professional’noj zashhity po ugolovnym delam. M., 1978. S. 113.
4.Vlasov А.А. Аdvokatura: uchebnik i praktikum. M.: Prometej, 2017.
5.Vlasov А.А. Sudebnaya advokatura: ucheb. posob. 2-e izd. / pod red. G.B. Mirzoeva. M.: YUrajt, 2012.
6.Kucherena А.G. Аdvokatura: uchebnik. M.: YUrist», 2004.
7.Mirzoev G.B., Bojkov А.D., Vlasov А.А. O yuridicheskoj nauke i nauchnykh issledovaniyakh problem advokatury i advokatskoj deyatel’nosti: nauch.-metod. posob.
2-e izd. M.: Izd. RААN, 2012.
8.Pilipenko YU.S. Аdvokatskaya tajna: zakonodatel’-nyj, ehticheskij, pravoprimenitel’nyj aspekty. M.: Inform-Pravo, 2009.
9.Ragulin А.V. Professional’nye prava advokata-za-shhitnika v Rossijskoj Federatsii i zarubezhnykh gosudarstvakh: monografiya. M., 2012.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Yankin A.N.
The limits of permissible interference in private life in the criminal process in some foreign countries
Purpose: To study the limits of permissible interference in private life in the criminal process of some foreign countries in order to identify best practices and their adaptation to Russian conditions, taking into account national specifics.
Methodology: Historical and legal methodology and comparative analysis methodology were used.
Results: The article discusses the characteristics of the private life of citizens and the need to establish the limits of permissible intervention. The analysis of international treaties and practical experience of their implementation in some foreign countries, which comply with the principle of privacy and secretly set the limits of permissible interference in this area. However, in recent years, cases of illegal introduction into the sphere of private life have become significantly more frequent, which once again proves the relevance of the chosen problem.
Novelty/originality/value: The novelty of this study is to systematize the existing experience of establishing the limits of permissible interference in private life in the criminal process of some foreign States.
Keywords: inviolability of private life, limits of permissible interference in private life, criminal process, arbitrary interference, arbitrary infringement.
References (transliterated)
1.Avdeev M.YU. Konstitucionnoe pravo grazhdan Rossijskoj Federacii na neprikosnovennost’ chastnoj zhizni i mekhanizm ego realizacii v Rossii: avtoref. dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2010.
2.Andreeva O.I. O predotvrashchenii proizvol’nogo vmeshatel’stva gosudarstvennyh organov i dolzhnostnyh lic v chastnuyu zhizn’ grazhdan v ugolovnom processe // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. 2014.№ 2(12).
3.Bundestag fakticheski uzakonil v Germanii internet-slezhku [EHlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://rublacklist.net/22292/.
4.Dunaeva M.S. Osnovaniya i predely ugolovno-processual’nogo vmeshatel’stva v chastnuyu zhizn’ grazhdan: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Irkutsk, 2002.
5.Maziev A.U. Zashchita prava na neprikosnovennost’ chastnoj zhizni v Rossii i Germanii // Gumanitarnye i yuridicheskie issledovaniya. 2013.№ 1.
6.Osnovnoj zakon Federativnoj Respubliki Germanii // Federativnaya Respublika Germaniya. Konstituciya i zakonodatel’nye akty: per. s nem. / pod red. YU.P. Ur’yasa. M.: Progress, 1991.
7.Ostrovskij A.S. Dejstvie konstitucionnogo principa neprikosnovennosti chastnoj zhizni v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2006.
8.Poperina E.N. Predely dopustimogo vmeshatel’stva gosudarstva v sferu chastnoj zhizni // Pravoporyadok: istoriya, teoriya i praktika. 2014.№ 1 (2).
9.Rakov V.M. Grazhdanskaya diskussiya «Rossiya, XXI vek: neprikosnovennost’ chastnoj zhizni». Otkrytoe partnerstvo «Permskaya Assambleya», Predstavitel’stvo Fonda im. G. Bellya v RF, Proekt «Grazhdanskie diskussii. Dialog pokolenij». Perm’, 2006.
10.Uehjn Mehdsen: strany ES sami peredayut SSHA dannye o svoih grazhdanah [EHlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=1099.
11.Huadeh A.H. Konstitucionnoe pravo na neprikosnovennost’ chastnoj zhizni i mekhanizm ego obespecheniya (issledovanie zarubezhnogo opyta) // Vestnik Adygejskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Filosofiya, istoriya, sociologiya, yurisprudenciya, politologiya, kul’turologiya. 2014.№ 4 (148).
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Murodzoda A.A.
Criminal proceedings aS a type of judicial activity that ensures the protection of the rights and legitimate interests of citizens
Purpose: To consider criminal trial as the type of judicial activity providing protection of the rights and legitimate interests of citizens in the Republic of Tajikistan.
Methodology: Private and scientific methods of knowledge were used: formal-legal, comparative-legal, historical, system analysis and other methods.
Results: In this article, the author conducted a study of the legal framework for the activities of judicial authorities in the administration of justice in criminal cases. The main principles of the criminal procedural legislation defining the essence of the consideration and resolution of criminal cases by the court are determined. It is noted that the activities of the judiciary are an important mechanism in ensuring the protection of human and civil rights and freedoms, the foundations of the constitutional order, the rule of law in society and the rule of law, which is the exclusive authority of the judiciary.
Novelty/originality/value: The article contains a number of the author’s conclusions and generalizations important for jurisprudence and practice.
Keywords: the activities of the judiciary; protection of human rights and freedoms by the judiciary; criminal proceedings; objectives and objectives of criminal proceedings; criminal procedural legislation.
References (transliterated)
1.Vladimirov L.E. Reforma ugolovnoj zashchity. Publichnaya lekciya v Har’kovskom universitete 17 yanvarya 1886 goda // CHitatel’. 1898.№ 9. S. 5.
2.Koni A.F. Nravstvennye nachala v ugolovnom processe // Sobr.soch. 1969. T. 4.
3.Lazareva V.A. Sudebnaya zashchita v ugolovnom processe RF: problemy teorii i praktiki: avtoref. ... d-ra yurid. nauk. M., 2000.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Vinokurov L.V.
The principles of consistency of functions, expediency and common goals and objectives of participants in criminal proceedings by the prosecution and the court in their relationship at the stage of preliminary investigation
Purpose: To analyze the principles of consistency of functions, expediency and common goals and objectives of participants in criminal proceedings by the prosecution and the court.
Methodology: The author used formal legal legal method.
Results: In the relations between the participants of criminal proceedings and the court, the principles of consistency of functions, expediency and common goals and objectives of participants in criminal proceedings plays the role of a system-forming core of all types and forms of relations between the investigator, the head of the investigative body, the Prosecutor, the bodies of inquiry and the court.
Novelty/originality/value: The results of the article concluded that the judicial system of the Russian Federation, although it is a separate, Autonomous and independent, can not actually proper to function without regulated by the law institutional relationships with other bodies and institutions whose activities are carried out in the legal field, first and foremost with prosecutors.
Keywords: participants of the criminal process, the principle, the crime, the judicial system, the pre-trial stage, the court’s independence.
References (transliterated)
1.Ergashev E.R. Sodejstvie prokurora osushchestvleniyu pravosudiya // Rossijskaya yusticiya. 2007. № 7. S. 37.
2.Kobzarev F.M. Osnovy organizacii i upravleniya v organah prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii: uchebnik / pod red. A.F. Smirnova. M., 2005. S. 184.
3.Kommentarij k Ugolovno-processual’nomu kodek-su Rossijskoj Federacii / pod nauch. red. V.T. Tomina, M.P. Polyakova. M., 2009.
4.Konstituciya Rossijskoj Federacii: doktrinal’nyj kommentarij (postatejnyj) /pod red. YU.A. Dmitrieva. M., 2009.
5.Ehnciklopedicheskij Slovar’ F.A. Brokgauza i I.A. Efrona [EHlektronnyj resurs].URL:http://www.vehi.net/brokgauz/index.html .
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Kasa I.
Innovation in the formation of the arbitration tribunal: can a robot replace a human arbitrator?
Purpose: The study of the application of artificial intelligence in the formation of the arbitration tribunal and the possibility of replacing the human arbitrator by a machine-arbitrator (robot).
Methodology: Methods of analysis and synthesis, as well as comparative legal method were used.
Results: The article provides definitions of artificial intelligence and artificial general intelligence; considers the possibility of using artificial intelligence in the formation of the arbitration tribunal, analyzing its advantages and disadvantages; analyzes the legislative acts of Switzerland and Russia and the rules of arbitration institutions on the possibility of replacing an arbitrator by a machine-arbitrator (robot). It is established that a machine-arbitrator (robot) cannot replace a human arbitrator because It does not have some human characteristics, such as emotions, empathy, the ability to explain Its decisions, the ability to understand witnesses and experts who are very important in the implementation of the functions of the arbitrator.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high scientific value as it is one of the first attempts to analyze the possibility of replacing a human-arbitrator with a machine-arbitrator.
Keywords: arbitration tribunal, arbitrator, machine-arbitrator, arbitration institution, arbitration legislation.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Yakovlev P.Y.
Legal basis of the high courts activities of states in the Republic of India
Purpose: To cover legal basics of activity of the High Courts of states in Republic of India.
Methodology: Private and scientific methods of knowledge were used: formal-legal, comparative-legal, historical, system analysis and others.
Results: In article legal bases of functioning of an important component of judicial system of Republic of India represented by the High Courts of states (allied territories) are opened and the analysis of the regulations regulating their activity is provided.
Novelty/originality/value: Article contains a number of the author’s conclusions and generalizations important for jurisprudence and practice.
Keywords: Judicial authority, the judicial system of India, the High Courts of states in India.
References (transliterated)
1.Grebennikov V.V., Grebnev R.D., Sangadzhiev B.V. Sudoustrojstvo v Rossijskoj Federacii. M., 2016.
2.Grebennikov V.V., Grudcyna L.YU. Sudebnoe pravo – kompleksnaya otrasl’ rossijskogo prava // Obra-zovanie i pravo. 2017.№ 4. S. 90–100.
3.Sangadzhiev B.V. Dostupnost’ pravosudiya i perspektivy razvitiya grazhdanskogo processual’nogo prava na sovremennom ehtape // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2016.№ 4. S. 73–75.
4.Yakovlev P.YU. Problemy realizacii sudebnoj vlasti v Respublike Indiya // Problemy prava. 2017.№ 4. S. 57–60.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Azhiba I.R.
Signs of a subject to reduction in worthlessness of vehicles or means of communication under
the Criminal code of the Republic of Abkhazia
Purpose: To consider the main signs of an object of crime - reduction in worthlessness of vehicles or means of communication under the Criminal code of the Republic of Abkhazia.
Methodology: Private and scientific methods of knowledge were used: formal-legal, comparative-legal, historical, system analysis and others.
Results: The author drew a conclusion that as direct subject to reduction in worthlessness of vehicles or means of communication it is necessary to consider the relations of safety of the state in the sphere of ensuring transport transportations. As a result, by the legal nature this crime belongs not to crimes against traffic safety and operation of transport, and to crimes against bases of the constitutional system and safety of the state.
Novelty/originality/value: Article contains a number of the author’s conclusions and generalizations important for jurisprudence and practice.
Keywords: vehicles, a criminal responsibility, safety of the state, a basis of the Constitutional system, crime, means of communication.
References (transliterated)
1.Alekseev N.S. Transportnye prestupleniya. L., 1957. S. 112.
2.Gabdrahmanov A.SH. Prestupleniya protiv bezopasnosti dvizheniya i ehkspluatacii transportnyh sredstv: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Kazan’, 2007.
3.Zaharov S.N. Vodno-transportnye prestupleniya: rassledovanie i preduprezhdenie. M., 1977. S. 12.
4.Kasynyuk V.I. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost’ za povrezhdenie putej soobshcheniya i transportnyh sredstv: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Har’kov, 1977. S. 4.
5.Korisheva I.V. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost’ za privedenie v negodnost’ transportnyh sredstv ili putej soobshcheniya: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2004. S. 12.
6.Kurinov B.A. Avtotransportnye prestupleniya. Klassifikaciya i otvetstvennost’. M., 1976. S. 202.
7.Kurs ugolovnogo prava: v 5 t. T. 4. Osobennaya chast’ / pod red. G.N. Borzenkova, V.S. Komissarova. M., 2002. S. 108–109.
8.Neverov V.I. Narushenie pravil dorozhnogo dvizheniya i ehkspluatacii transportnyh sredstv: ugolovno-pravovoe i kriminologicheskoe issledovanie: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Saratov, 2006. S. 10.
9.Pikurov N.I. Kvalifikaciya transportnyh sredstv. M., 2011. S. 127.
10.Piontkovskij A.A. Ugolovnoe pravo RSFSR. CHast’ Obshchaya. M., 1924. S. 129–130.
11.Tacij V.YA. Ob»ekt i predmet prestupleniya po sovetskomu ugolovnomu pravu. Har’kov, 1982. S. 5.
12.Sheludyakov A.A. Ugolovno-pravovye i krimino-logicheskie aspekty bor’by s prestupleniyami protiv bezopasnosti dvizheniya i ehkspluatacii transporta: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2002. S. 10.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Teplova D.O.
The Constitution of Russian Federation: evolution and prospects of development
Purpose: Consideration of questions of evolution and further prospects of development of the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
Methodology: Private and scientific methods of knowledge were used: formal-legal, comparative-legal, historical, system analysis and other methods.
Results: At the moment, the importance and role of the Constitution and constitutional legislation have increased many times. The stage of formation of the foundations of the constitutional system is completed, further steps are required to form a legal, social, democratic and secular state. To do this, it is necessary to develop and adopt new sectoral laws, especially codified ones, but not only. In this regard, the prospects for the development of the Constitution and constitutional legislation depend on the acts of decision-making: the President’s messages, strategies, doctrines, concepts, plans, forecasts and others. This approach seems to us to be correct in view of the fact that the Constitution implies the development of not only the normative legal basis of the legal system of the state and society, but also the program, strategic, reflecting the political, ideological and ideological essence of the basic law of the country. Constitutional legislation allows for the approval and disclosure of the meaning of the entire Constitution by a certain system of coordinates, meanings and meanings. The Constitution fills the existing law as a whole with a profound meaning. In what directions of development of the Constitution there is or there is no Directive regulation, the author tried to designate.
Novelty/originality/value: In article an attempt to carry out a sketch of problems of development of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and to show its prospects is made, the author’s conclusions and generalizations having scientific value contain.
Keywords: normative legal act, Constitution, constitutional legislation, President’s address, legal state, current legislation.
References (transliterated)
1.Barcic I.N. Pravovoe prostranstvo Rossii: voprosy konstitucionnoj teorii i praktiki. M., 2000. S. 496.
2.Fedorchenko A.A., Galieva S.I. EHvolyuciya pravovogo prostranstva: postanovka problemy // Vestnik Kazanskogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta. 2013. T. 16.№ 16. S. 94–97.
3.Poslanie Prezidenta RF V.V. Putina Federal’nomu Sobraniyu RF ot 1 marta 2018 g. // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2018.№ 46.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Maliy A.F., Solomonov P.N.
Application of separation of the authority principle in the organizational structure
of the Russian Federation subject
Purpose: Consideration the constitutional basis and features of the manifestation of the separation of power’s principle in the subjects of Russia.
Methodology: Formal legal and comparative legal methods were used. Substantial contents of the principle of power separation at the level of the subject of the Russian Federation in its development is shown
Results: The conclusion is that the limits of independence of the subjects of the Russian Federation in determining their organizational structure are reduced due to the strengthening of uniformity. Subjects of the Russian Federation should be able to use a variety of options to consolidate the relationship between the branches of government in their constituent acts
Novelty/originality/value: The role of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation in regulating relations in the system of public authorities of the Russian Federation subjects is noted in the text. The division of power is understood as the division of competence between the legislative and executive bodies of the state power of a subject in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: principle, constitutional basis, separation of power, subject of the Russian Federation, system of public authorities.
References (transliterated)
1.Malyj A.F. Organizaciya organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti oblasti kak sub»ekta Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. Severodvinsk, 2000.
2.SHarapov A.A. Konstitucionnyj princip razdeleniya vlastej i ego realizaciya v respublike – sub»ekte Rossijskoj Federacii (na materialah CHuvashskoj Respubliki): avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2001.
3.Gosudarstvennaya vlast’ v sub»ektah Rossijskoj Federacii: monografiya. M.: YUrlitinform, 2016.
4.Hurmatullina A.M. Razgranichenie predmetov vedeniya i polnomochij mezhdu urovnyami gosudarstvennoj vlasti v sfere zashchity prava na trud // Evrazijskij yuridicheskij zhurnal. 2017.№ 6 (109). S. 152–154.
5.Malyj A.F. O principah organizacii organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti sub»ekta Rossijskoj Federacii // Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo un-ta. Gumanitarnye nauki. 2013. T. 155. Kn. 4. S. 55–61.
 
POLICY AND ECONOMY OF EURASIA
Selezneva N.A., Kuznetsov V.V.
Production sharing agreement: an investment potential in Russian fuel and energy complex
Purpose: Researching of subsoil using legal regulation aspects to achieve maximum resource efficiency.
Methodology: We used formal-legal, historical and analytical methods.
Results: The article suggests to focus on current forms of subsoil use for improving or changing them for fuel and energy complex development.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a certain scientific value, since it is a study relevant to the development of the fuel and energy complex in Russia.
Keywords: production sharing agreement (PSA), subsoil using forms, law, energy, oil and gas, investments, partnership, subsoil, China history, Energy strategy, international law, import substitution, minerals, production, «Sakhalin-1», «Sakhalin-2», «Kharyaga field», prospects, fuel and energy complex.
References
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Index

Импакт-фактор российских научных журналов

The journal is included in the Highest attestation commitee`s of the ministry of education and science of Russian Federation list of the reviewed scientific journals in which the main scientific results of theses on competition of an academic degree of the candidate of science, on competition of an academic degree of the doctor of science have to be published (on the group of specialities 12.00.00 - Law Sciences)