NEWS
Интервью с членом Совета Федеральной палаты адвокатов Российской Федерации, Президентом Адвокатской палаты Республики Башкортостан Б.Г. Юмадиловым.: Интервью с Председателем Президиума Саратовской специализированной коллегии адвокатов, заслуженным юристом Российской Федерации, кандидатом юридических наук, профессором Н.П. Царевой: Интервью с доктором юридических наук, профессором, председателем Научно-консультативного и экспертного Совета Гильдии российских адвокатов, членом Научно-консультативного Совета Федеральной палаты адвокатов РФ, членом Научно-консультативного Совета при Ве: Интервью с вице-президентом Федеральной палаты адвокатов Российской Федерации С.И. Володиной: Интервью с доктором юридических наук, профессором, президентом Гильдии российских адвокатов, ректором Российской академии адвокатуры и нотариата Гасаном Борисовичем Мирзоевым:








RUS ENG
EVENTS
The open appeal of the advocates in connection with an emergency with advocates in the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic of the Russian Federation
 
EVENTS
Сonference of the «Initiative 2018» Interregional Public Organization of Advocates and Lawyers
 
EVENTS
Resolution on mandatory deductions for advocates during the coronavirus pandemic
 
EVENTS
Resolution on the transparency of information on the activities of corporate governance bodies of the advocacy
 
EVENTS
Resolution on the inadmissibility of prosecution of advocates by corporate governance bodies of the advocacy for criticizing and exercising the constitutional right to appeal to public authorities
 
HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE
Tokmakov A.А.
Evolution of the national advocacy: history and perspectives
Purpose: To consider the problem of the establishment of the institution of the bar in Russia, to analyze the dependence of the bar on the socio-political structure, formulate a hypothesis for the further development of the institution of the bar in Russia.
Methodology: In the course of the study, formal-legal, comparative-legal, historical-legal and statistical methods were used.
Results: The article analyzes the influence of the socio-political system of Russia on the development of the legal profession, from which a direct relationship is seen between the level of declared freedoms and the significance of the legal profession for the further development of civil society, as well as the judicial system of the state, the conclusion is drawn on the need to strengthen the independence of the legal profession, actual ( rather than a declarative) settlement of the procedural equality of a lawyer with the prosecution in criminal proceedings.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has high scientific value, because it contains conclusions and suggestions that are important for science and practice.
Keywords: lawyer, advocacy, competition, encroachment.
References (transliterated)
1.Avdeev V.A., Avdeeva O.A. Aktual`ny`e voprosy` realizacii ugolovno-pravovoj politiki RF v sfere obespecheniya prava cheloveka na zhizn` // Rossijskij sud`ya. 2017. № 6. S. 19–23.
2.Advokaty` trusa ne prazdnuyut: materialy` «Yuridicheskoj nedeli» podgotovleny` sovmestno s Associaciej yuristov Rossii [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://rg.ru/2010/05/06/reznik.html.
3.By`kov A.V. Kompleksny`j mexanizm protivodejstviya korrupcii v Rossii // Obshhestvo i pravo. 2017. № 3 (61). S. 90–92.
4.By`kov A.V., Tokmakov A.A. Ugolovno-pravovaya zashhita advokatskoj tajny` // Advokatskaya praktika. 2017. № 2. S. 3–7.
5.By`kov A.V. Ugolovno-pravovy`e problemy` kriminalizacii vozbuzhdeniya suicidal`nogo povedeniya i sposobstvovaniya v sovershenii samoubijstva // Rossijskaya yusticiya. 2017. № 11. S. 57–60.
6.By`kov A.V., Tokmakov A.A. Ugolovno-pravovaya zashhita advokata: neobxodimy` novacii // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2017. № 1 (26). S. 68–71.
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9.Za dva goda Gosduma otklonila vse zakonoproekty`, usilivayushhie pozicii advokatov [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://linkis.com/pravo.ru/news/view/lkzWU.
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11.Imennoj ukaz ot 21.02.1679 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://base.garant.ru/57565079 .
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13.Kratkoe izobrazhenie processov ili sudebny`x tyazhb [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://pandia.ru/text/77/496/872760761.php.
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PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND ADVOCACY PROFESSION FUNCTIONING
Ragulin A.V.
Constitutional and legal status of advocacy in the USSR and union republics and its reflection in legislation
Purpose: Study of the constitutional and legal consolidation of the status of the advocacy in the USSR and union republics and its reflection in the legislation.
Methodology: The methods of structural and functional analysis, the system method, the formal legal method, the retrospective method, the method of studying documents.
Results: The consolidation of the provisions on the institution of advocacy in the Constitution of the USSR testifies more to the formal and legal demonstration of the social significance of advocacy and the high status of advocacy than to its real significance and status.
The legislation of the USSR and union republics defined: the functional purpose of the advocacy profession (providing legal assistance to citizens and organizations); the basics of the organizational structure of the advocacy (college of advocates); by reference to the norms of the law, the advocactes provided for free legal assistance and the fact that the organization and the procedure for the activities of the bar are the objects of joint jurisdiction of the USSR and the Union republics.
Since the relevant norms were placed in the sections «Justice. Arbitration and Prosecutorial Supervision» and chapters entitled «Court and Arbitration», it is concluded that the Constitution of the USSR and the Union Republics defined advocacy as an element of the justice system.
In the legislation on advocacy, the purpose of the advocacy, in comparison with the constitutional norms, was expanded, and the goals of promoting the protection of the rights and legitimate interests of citizens and organizations were added to the provision of legal assistance to citizens and organizations; administration of justice; observance and strengthening of socialist legality; educating citizens in the spirit of the accurate and steady implementation of Soviet laws, respect for public goods, respect for labor discipline, respect for the rights, honor and dignity of others, and the rules of socialist living.
Bar associations were defined as voluntary associations of persons engaged in advocacy activities, but not as individuals engaged in advocacy activities themselves. They did not provide legal advice and did not mention the Сonstitution, however, the law prescribed the presidiums of the bar associations to organize the work of advocates in providing legal assistance, which also means that they id not directly provide legal advice, but provided it. Advocates directly provided legal assistance, unlike the advocacy in general and the bar associations, but they were not mentioned in the text of the Constitution. The legislation provided that the general management of the bar associations is carried out by the Councils of People’s Deputies, as well as the Ministry of Justice, which was assigned the role of a controlling body with broad powers. The following duties of the bar associations were envisaged as structural units of the bar: liaising with state bodies and public organizations; rendering legal assistance to labor collectives, people’s deputies, voluntary people’s teams, comradely courts and other bodies of public initiative leading the fight against offenses; participation in legal advocacy and clarification of legislation to the public.
Novelty/originality/value: The article is of scientific value, since it is one of the first modern attempts to study the constitutional and legal consolidation of the status of the bar in the USSR and union republics and its reflection in the legislation.
Keywords: advocacy, advocate, history of advocacy.
References (transliterated)
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ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Chashin A.N.
«Days off» in the light of the constitutional principle of equality
Purpose: The article examines the legal nature of non-working days announced by decrees of the President of the Russian Federation as part of anti-epidemiological measures aimed at combating the spread of COVID-19.
Methodology: The theoretical position of the researcher is based on the method of materialistic dialectics, methods of system analysis and analogy are used.
Results: According to the author, the provisions of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation apply to labor relations for the period of specified non-working days: Art. 113 (prohibition of employment) and Art. 153 (on double wages) for three reasons: by virtue of the analogy of the law; by virtue of the current given in paragraph 2 of the Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation dated December 25, 2013 No. 99; by virtue of the implementation of the constitutional principle of equality.
Novelty/originality/value: The study is based on regulatory material, which is completely new to the domestic legal system. The novelty of the study is absolute, since there are no scientific articles in the legal periodical of scientific articles devoted to understanding the phenomenon of presidential prescriptive regulation of working time in the framework of anti-epidemiological measures.
Keywords: discrimination, remuneration, day off; holiday; normative legal act, law enforcement act.
References (transliterated)
1.Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 25 marta 2020 goda № 206 «Ob ob``yavlenii v Rossijskoj Federacii nerabochix dnej» // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2020. 27 marta (№ 66).
2.Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 2 aprelya 2020 goda № 239 «O merax po obespecheniyu sanitarno-e`pidemiologicheskogo blagopoluchiya naseleniya na territorii Rossijskoj Federacii v svyazi s rasprostraneniem novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii (COVID-19)» // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2020. 3 aprelya (№ 72).
3.Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 28 aprelya 2020 g. № 294 «O prodlenii dejstviya mer po obespecheniyu sanitarno-e`pidemiologicheskogo blagopoluchiya naseleniya na territorii Rossijskoj Federacii v svyazi s rasprostraneniem novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii (COVID-19)» // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2020. 30 aprelya (№ 95).
4.Trudovoj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.2001 № 197-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel`stva RF. 2002. 7 yanvarya. № 1. Ch. 1. St. 3.
5.Rekomendacii rabotnikam i rabotodatelyam v svyazi s Ukazom Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 25 marta 2020 g. № 206 «Ob ob``yavlenii v Rossijskoj Federacii nerabochix dnej» // Mintrud Rossii: oficial`ny`j sajt [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://rosmintrud.ru/labour/relationship/379.
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ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Kazachenok O.P.
Prospects for the use of crypto-currencies for international trade settlement
Purpose: Consider legal possibilities of using cryptocurrency as a potential means of international trade settlements, including allowing individual States to overcome restrictions imposed by international sanctions.
Methodology: The research methodology is based on a system-structural approach using methods of analysis and synthesis, generalization, comparison and analogy.
Results: Payments in cryptocurrencies become an objectively existing reality of the modern economy, despite the fact that they are actually deprived of any legal status. Existing legal theories of international trade settlements do not allow for their implementation in cryptocurrency, but the development of the digital economy involves the transformation of not only the banking system as a whole, but also individual legal institutions, which allows predicting the legal recognition of payments in cryptocurrency in cross-border transactions after the legal status of cryptocurrencies has been consolidated at the international and national levels.
Novelty/originality/value: The legal status of cryptocurrency is considered by the author from the position of its possible application in international trade settlements.
Keywords: cryptocurrency, digital economy, digital technologies, digitalization of the economy, electronic money, international trade settlements, settlement relations.
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15.Kurakin A.V., Karpuxin D.V., Shilina A.R. Problemy` pravovogo regulirovaniya ispol`zovaniya kriptovalyuty` v Rossijskoj Federacii // Sovremennoe pravo. 2018. № 1. S. 92–97.
16.Maksimova B.I. Noskova I.Ya. Mezhdunarodny`e e`konomicheskie otnosheniya: ucheb. posob. M.: Infra–M, 1995. S. 14–19.
17.Ob``ekty` grazhdanskix prav: ucheb. posob. / I.V. Baltutite, A.I. Goncharov, D.N. Davtyan-Davy`dova i dr.; pod red. prof. A. Inshakovoj, prof. A. Goncharova. M.: Izd-vo VolGU, 2018. S. 493–495.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Blagodarnaya L.I.
Compensation of losses and compensation for damage caused by state bodies and local authorities in pandemy
Purpose: To investigate the current situation with legal justifications in the field of the possibilities of using the existing legal framework for compensation for losses caused by introduced regulatory acts and restrictions in the context of the distribution of COVID-19. Check for compliance with the interests of civil society of decisions and actions of authorities.
Methodology: The paper uses analytical, theoretical and formal legal methods.
Results: The article analyzes the legislative framework to ensure the possibility of filing legal requirements for federal and municipal authorities. Formal aspects for the argumentation of such claims have been studied. The most vulnerable places in the legislation are presented that cannot ensure the reasonable and mutual functioning of the parties to civil law relations. The article reveals on a large scale the current situation in all spheres of public life, pointing out the inconsistency of normative legal acts and their conflict. The above data can be relied upon when structuring and forecasting the development of business and / or private entrepreneurship. Issues regarding the filing of claims under Articles 16 and 16.1 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation are considered, examples with explanations and additions are given.
Novelty/originality/value: The article reveals the essence of the most pressing issue in the current epidemic for all, without exception, parties to civil law relations: government agencies, legal entities, citizens and public organizations. The most popular acts of legislative bodies of state power are considered. The originality of the article is underlined by the studied regulatory acts, which are rarely addressed. The value of the work lies in a detailed analysis of the questions raised in the article and a detailed answer to them.
Keywords: coronavirus, damage, emergency mode, fines, self-isolation mode.
References (transliterated)
1.Gulakova V.Yu., Kastornov N.S. Ob organizacionno-pravovy`x merax bor`by` s pandemiej v Rossii // Bazis. 2020. № 1 (7). S. 26–29.
2.Prikaz Ministerstva zdravooxraneniya RF ot 11 marta 2013 g. № 121n «Ob utverzhdenii trebovanij k organizacii i vy`polneniyu rabot (uslug) pri okazanii pervichnoj mediko-sanitarnoj, specializirovannoj (v tom chisle vy`sokotexnologichnoj), skoroj (v tom chisle skoroj specializirovannoj), palliativnoj medicinskoj pomoshhi, okazanii medicinskoj pomoshhi pri sanatorno-kurortnom lechenii, pri provedenii medicinskix e`kspertiz, medicinskix osmotrov, medicinskix osvidetel`stvovanij i sanitarno-protivoe`pidemicheskix (profilakticheskix) meropriyatij v ramkax okazaniya medicinskoj pomoshhi, pri transplantacii (peresadke) organov i (ili) tkanej, obrashhenii donorskoj krovi i (ili) ee komponentov v medicinskix celyax» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://base.garant.ru/70373440/.
3.Federal`ny`j zakon «Ob osnovax oxrany` zdorov`ya grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 21.11.2011 № 323-FZ [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_121895.
4.Gromy`ko A.A. Koronavirus kak faktor mirovoj politiki // Nauchno-analiticheskij vestnik Instituta Evropy` RAN. 2020. № 2 (14). S. 5–13.
5.Yax`yaev M.Ya. Institucional`ny`e osnovy` deliktnoj otvetstvennosti gosudarstva // Voprosy` rossijskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava. 2020. T. 10. № 2-1.S. 19–24.
6.Postanovlenie Pravitel`stva RF ot 21 maya 2007 g. № 304 «O klassifikacii chrezvy`chajny`x situacij prirodnogo i texnogennogo xaraktera» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://base.garant.ru/12153609/.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Boldyreva N.
Т.
Subjects of the legal relationship for compensation for harm caused to a human’s life and health as a result of consuming of medicines
Purpose: To identify the circle of subjects of legal relations to compensate for harm to human life and health caused by the use of medicines. The practical significance of the goal is to determine the subject on the side of the creditor, i.e. obliged to compensate the consumer for the harm caused.
Methodology: When writing the work, formal legal, comparative methods.To achieve the goal, the article gives a general description of the legal status of the seller, manufacturer of the drug, holder or holder of the registration certificate for the drug, drug developer.
Results: The comparative characteristics of the subject composition of persons responsible for the quality and safety of goods in the sense of civil law and in the federal law «On the circulation of medicines» are given. To achieve the goal, the general scientific dialectic method, special research methods of system analysis, comparative legal and formal logical methods were used.
Novelty/originality/value: The relevance of the research topic is due to the high social significance of relations in the field of healthcare and the circulation of medicines.
Keywords: circulation of medicines, legal regulation, subjects of legal relationships, civil responsibility, harm to human life and health.
References (transliterated)
1.Grazhdanskoe pravo. Obshhaya chast`: ucheb.: v 4 t. / V.S. Em, N.V. Kozlova, S.M. Korneev i dr.; pod red. E.A. Suxanova. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: Volters Kluver, 2008.
2.Dushkina M.N. K voprosu o pravovom regulirovanii roznichnoj kupli-prodazhi lekarstvenny`x sredstv // Vestnik Volgogradskogo universiteta. 2012. № 1 (16). S. 201–206.
3.Moxov A.A. Farmacevticheskoe pravo kak fenomen // Aktual`ny`e problemy` rossijskogo prava. 2017. № 12. S. 54–62.
4.Shandra M.Yu. Osobennosti vozmeshheniya vreda, prichinennogo zdorov`yu grazhdan vsledstvie primeneniya lekarstvenny`x sredstv [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://justicemaker.ru/view-article.php?id=4&art=6398.
5.Shevchenko A.S., Shevchenko G.N. Deliktny`e obyazatel`stva v rossijskom grazhdanskom prave: ucheb. posob. M.: Statut, 2013.
 
PROTECTION OF THE PROFESSIONAL RIGHTS OF ADVOCATE
Recommendations on measures to prevent violations of the professional rights of Advocates under the conditions of special legal regimes established in connection with the spread of a new coronavirus infection (2019-nCoV)
 
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Rassolov I.M., Chubukova S.G., Shagieva R.V.
The right to receive and use genetic information in genetic testing and gene therapy: information and legal aspects
Purpose: The article is to study the problems of realization of the right to receive and use genetic information.
Methodology: Basis of the work is a systematic approach, methods of analysis and synthesis, comparative law.
Results: The analysis made it possible to conclude that genetic information requires the introduction of new special mechanisms for both legal and technical protection of genomic information. The development of new rules for the circulation of genetic information should be linked to the development of the complex institute of law.
Novelty/originality/value: Genetic information differs from other protected personal data and medical confidentiality regimes and involves the new introduction of special legal protection mechanisms.
Keywords: genetic information, protection of genetic information, disclosure and confidentiality of genetic test results, informed consent, medical secrecy.
References (transliterated)
1.Konvenciya o zashhite prav cheloveka i chelovecheskogo dostoinstva v svyazi s primeneniem dostizhenij biologii i mediciny`: Konvenciya o pravax cheloveka i biomedicine (ETS № 164) (Zaklyuchena v g. Ov`edo 04.04.1997). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
2.Dopolnitel`ny`j protokol k Konvencii o pravax cheloveka i biomedicine, kasayushhijsya geneticheskogo testirovaniya v medicinskix celyax (CETS № 203) (Podpisan v g. Strasburge 27.11.2008). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
3.Xartiya osnovny`x prav Evropejskogo soyuza ot 7 dekabrya 2000 goda [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://eulaw.ru/treaties/charter/.
4.Declaration of the World Congress for Freedom of Scientific Research, Rome, Febr. 16–18, 2006 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://ieet.org/index.php/IEET2/more/ romedeclaration2006.
5.General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://gdpr.eu/tag/gdpr/.
6.Izhevskaya V.L. E`ticheskie i pravovy`e aspekty` geneticheskogo testirovaniya i skrininga // Bioe`tika i gumanitarnaya e`kspertiza. 2007. № 1.
7.Najmark E. Genom neandertal`cev prochten: neandertal`cy ostavili sled v genax sovremenny`x lyudej [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://elementy.ru/novosti_nauki/431316/Genom_neandertaltsev_prochten_neandertaltsy_ostavili_sled_v_genakh_sovremennykh_lyudey.
8.Rassolov I.M., Chubukova S.G., Mikurova I.V. Biometriya v kontekste personal`ny`x danny`x i geneticheskoj informacii: pravovy`e problemy` // Lex Russica. 2019. № 1. S. 108–118.
9.Rassolov I.M., Chubukova S.G. Vnutriotraslevy`e principy` obrabotki geneticheskoj informacii // Aktual`ny`e problemy` rossijskogo prava. 2019. № 5. S. 98–110.
10.Shugurov M.V. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoj princip nauchny`x issledovanij i globalizacii nauchno-texnologicheskogo progressa // Rossijskaya yusticiya. 2012. № 2. S. 17–21.
11.Francis Galton. Natural Inheritance. London: Macmillan. 1889. [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://galton.org/books/natural-inheritance/pdf/galton-nat-inh-1up-clean.pdf.
12.Review of ethical issues in medical genetics : report of consultants to WHO / D.C. Wertz, J.C. Fletcher, K. Berg; WHO Human Genetics Programme (WHO/HGN/ETH/00.4, 2003) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/68512/WHO_ HGN_ETH_00.4.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y.
13.https://www.ga4gh.org/community/.
14.https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/national-dna-database-statistics.
 
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Teplova D.O.
To the question of the implementation of the constitutional law on housing in the Russian Federation
Purpose: To identify features of the implementation of one of the most important subjective constitutional rights related to housing, the right to housing.
Methodology: In the research process, comparative legal, formal legal methods were used, as well as analysis and synthesis.
Results: Based on the study, the importance of the constitutional right to housing is emphasized. It is substantiated that housing, as an object of civil circulation, is a collective concept in connection with which, when characterizing it, it is necessary to pay attention not only to the living quarters in which citizens constantly reside and which are suitable for living, but also other premises in which they are forced to live due to certain circumstances. The right to housing is key not only from the point of view of its legal regulation in the Russian Federation, but also from the point of its regulation in international acts.
Novelty/originality/value: The article is of high scientific value and has practical significance, since the constitutional right to housing affects the interests of each person and is most significant for him. The conclusions contained in the article can be used to improve the current legislation.
Keywords: Constitution of the Russian Federation, right to housing, home, residential premises, the inviolability of the home, place of residence, decent standard of living.
References (transliterated)
1.Matinskaya M.Yu. Realizaciya konstitucionnogo prava grazhdan na zhilishhe v Rossijskoj Federacii (problemy` municipal`no-pravovogo obespecheniya): avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2011. S. 11.
2.Kommentarij k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii / otv. red. L.A. Okun`kov. M.: BEK, 1996. S. 174.
3.Obzor sudebnoj praktiki Verxovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii № 2, 2016. Utv. Prezidiumom Verxovnogo Suda RF 06.07.2016.
4.Gerasimov R.A. Konstitucionnoe pravo na zhilishhe i mexanizm ego realizacii: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2005. S. 3.
5.Statisticheskie danny`e Prokuratury` Respubliki Xakasiya [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://epp.genproc.gov.ru.
6.Statisticheskie danny`e General`noj Prokuratury` Rossijskoj Federacii [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://genproc.gov.ru.
7.Prasolov B.V. Konstitucionnoe pravo grazhdan na zhilishhe // Semejnoe i zhilishhnoe pravo. 2016. № 4. S. 34–38.
8.Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 12 maya 2005 g. № 166-O «Ob otkaze v prinyatii k rassmotreniyu zhaloby` grazhdanki Kotovoj Svetlany` Evgen`evny` na narushenie ee konstitucionny`x prav punktom 10 stat`i 5 Ugolovno-processual`nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // Vestnik Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii. 2005. № 6. S. 15.
9.Postanovlenie ot 11 oktyabrya 2016 g. po delu «Bagdonavichyus i drugie protiv Rossijskoj Federacii». Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
10.Postanovlenie Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka ot 9 dekabrya 1994 goda po delu «Lopez Ostra protiv Ispanii». Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
11.Cherepanova O.S. Pravo na neprikosnovennost` zhilishha i pravo na zhilishhe: pravovaya priroda, sootnoshenie i grazhdansko-pravovy`e posledstviya narusheniya // Semejnoe i zhilishhnoe pravo. 2018. № 5. S. 43–46.
12.Konstituciya Rossijskoj Federacii. Kommentarij / pod obshh. red. B.N. Topornina, Yu.M. Baturina, R.G. Orexova. M.: Yurid. lit., 1994. S. 163.
13.Postanovlenie Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka ot 16 dekabrya 1992 goda po delu «Nimitcz protiv Germanii» (Niemietz v.Germany). § 28, 30 i 31. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
 
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Proskurina D.S., Khokhlova M.I., Safin N.I.
Government Internet segment: protecting or restricting human rights?
Purpose: The purpose of this study is the problem of the existence of the right of citizens to access the Internet, as well as mechanisms for its implementation and restrictions. The authors note that this right is currently legally enshrined in a small number of states, however, it is recognized as a derivative of the right to access information and provides primary human rights. The problematic question is raised of the practical impossibility of determining the jurisdiction of the decision to protect citizens’ rights on the Internet by each individual state.
Methodology: When writing the work, formal legal, comparative methods were used.
Results: Based on an analysis of world experience, the authors conclude that the recently adopted measures of the Russian state, expressed in the adoption of a law to restrict the Internet, are mainly evidence that Russia has chosen the second approach. However, the fact that the segmentation of the Russian Internet, provided for in the aforementioned law, entails serious restrictions on the implementation of a whole range of rights of Russian Internet users, the most important of which is the right to free access to information, it is indisputable, which cannot be put up with. The authors found a compromise solution expressed in the creation of a state platform based on the global Internet network without restricting citizens’ access to the Internet.
Novelty/originality/value: The world experience of regulating access to the Internet is analyzed, using which, the author team identifies two main approaches to regulating the Internet community by the world community. The first approach involves state support of the right to access the Internet, taking into account the risk of the impossibility of guaranteeing the protection of constitutional rights in a virtual environment, it is used mainly by European states. The second approach involves the protection of all fundamental constitutional rights of citizens by restricting their right to access the Internet, it is promoted by Asian countries.
Keywords: citizens’ rights, Internet access, Internet networks, guarantees of protection, constitutional rights
References (transliterated)
1.Aristotel`. Metafizika: perev. s grech. P.D. Pervova, V.V. Rozanova / Institut filosofii, teologi i istorii sv. Fomy`. M., 2006. S. 28.
2.Barlow J.P. Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace, 1996.
3.International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (entered into force 23 March 1976) 999 UNTS 171 (ICCPR).
4.Universal Declaration of Human Rights, UNGA Res 217A (III), UN Doc A/810 (1948) 71.
5.Jason M. Tenenbaum. ’Is There a Protected Right to Access the Internet? // International Journal of Constitutional Law Blog, 6 June 2014 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.iconnectblog.com/2014/06/is-there-a-protected-right-to-access-the-Internet.
6.Frank La Rue, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression (16 May 2011), UN Doc A/HRC/17/27.
7.Kay Mathiesen. The Human Right to Internet Access: A Philosophical Defense // International Review of Information Ethics. 2012. Vol. 18. S. 13.
8.Human Right and Internet Access A philosophical investigation Dissertation. [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://vk.com/away.php?utf=1&to=https%3A%2F%2Fdspace.library.uu.nl%2Fbitstream%2Fhandle%2F1874%2F334446%2Fwang.pdf%3Fsequence%3D1/.
9.Zarubezhny`j opy`t normativno-pravovogo regulirovaniya deyatel`nosti operatorov svyazi v oblasti sbora i xraneniya danny`x pol`zovatelej telekommunikacionny`x uslug [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://internetinstitute.ru/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Telecom-Data-Retention-Leg.pdf.
10.Specifika pravovogo regulirovaniya seti internet v Kitajskoj narodnoj respublike [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/spetsifika-pravovogo-regulirovaniya-seti-internet-v-kitayskoy-narodnoy-respublike.
11.中华人民共和国国务院行政法规汇编. 人民出版社 (Chzhunxua zhe`n`min` gunxe`go gouyuan` sinchzhe`n faguj xue`jbyan`). Sbornik administrativny`x aktov Gosudarstvennogo soveta KNR. Zhe`n`min` chuban`she`, 2002–2010. Na kit. yaz.
12.Fedorov R.Yu., Klimenko O.A., Babushkin A.G. Pro-
blemy` upravleniya razvitiem nacional`ny`x segmentov veb-prostranstva // Koncept. 2014. № 11 (noyabr`) [E`lek-tronny`j resurs]. URL: http://ekoncept.ru/2014/14303.htm.
13.Stadnik I. Sovereign RUnet: What Does it Mean? Internet Governance Project, Georgia Institute of Technology. 2009. S. 1–14.
14.Sovereign RUnet: What Does it Mean? [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/
331047925_Sovereign_RUnet_What_Does_it_Mean/citations/.
15.Kulikova A.V. O fragmentacii interneta: stary`e voprosy` i novy`e vy`zovy` // Indeks bezopasnosti. 2015. S. 118 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=27382693.
16.Sovereign RUnet: What Does it Mean? [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://sozd.duma.gov.ru/bill/608767-7.
17.BBC. Zachem rossijskim voenny`m sekretny`j internet [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.bbc.com/russian/features-37830416.
18.Ne zashhita, a nadzor: chto rossiyane dumayut o «suverennom» internete [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://iom.anketolog.ru/2019/03/18/izolyaciya-interneta.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Azarkhin A.V., Karev D.A., Prokudina N.O.
Correlation of the principle of right and the principle of legislation
Purpose: Correlation of the principle of right and the principle of legislation in order to identify similar and common features.
Methodology: Theoretical methods were used, namely synthesis analysis.
Results: The article discusses the main changes that have taken place in recent years in the field of law and their reflection on the relationship between the principles of right and legislation. We highlighted the differences between these systems. The authors indicate that right system is influenced by objective factors, while the legal system is influenced by subjective factors, since it is formed by the will of the legislator.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has value, as it reflects the main differences between the two systems, as the principles of right and the principles of legislation.
Keywords: principles of law, principles of law, system of law.
References (transliterated)
1.Alekseev S.S. Struktura sovetskogo prava. M.: Yurid. lit., 1975.
2.Guk P.A. Sudebnoe normotvorchestvo: teoriya i praktika. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2012.
3.Gribanov V.P. Osushhestvlenie i zashhita grazhdanskix prav. 2-e izd., stereotip. M., 2001.
4.Matuzov N.I., Mal`kov A.V. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava: ucheb. M.: Yurist``, 2004.
5.Ovsepyan Zh.I. Status obshhepriznanny`x principov i norm mezhdunarodnogo prava v konstitucionno-pravovoj sisteme // Konstitucionnoe i municipal`noe pravo. 2017. № 7.
6.Potapova O.A. Principy` grazhdanskogo prava: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Ul`yanovsk, 2012.
7.P`yanov N.A. Konsul`tacii po teorii gosudarstva i prava: ucheb. posob. Irkutsk: Izd-vo IGU, 2017.
8.Senyakin I.N. Principy` prava i principy` zakonoda-tel`stva: sootnoshenie i vzaimosvyaz` // Principy` rossijskogo prava: obshheteoreticheskij i otraslevoj aspekty` / pod red. N.I. Matuzova, A.V. Mal`ko. Saratov, 2010. S. 140–141.
9.Sumenkov S.Yu. Principy` prava i isklyucheniya v prave: aspekty` sootnosheniya // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2009. № 5. S. 23–30.
10.Pravo na poroge novogo ty`syacheletiya: nekotory`e tendencii mirovogo pravovogo razvitiya – nadezhda i drama sovremennoj e`poxi. M., 2018. S. 145–146.
11.Xuk M. van. Pravo kak kommunikaciya. SPb., 2016. S. 216–231.
12.Komissarova E.G. Ob osnovny`x nachalax grazhdanskogo zakonodatel`stva // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2016. № 5. S. 13–20.
13.Obshhaya teoriya prava i gosudarstva: ucheb. / pod red. V.V. Lazareva. M.: Yurist``, 2001.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Kurbaniyazov R.A.
Legal concept of investment
Purpose: Investment and its attraction to the Russian economy is a topic that does not lose its relevance today. Investments are discussed in the media, at official events, and at international forums. Private investment, including foreign investment, plays a significant role in the development of national economies. Since the basic term in investment relations is term «investment», the disclosure of the content of investment is the starting point in the process of studying investment relations in whole. Under these conditions, in this article the author aims to determine the general legal meaning of the term «investment» by analyzing international and Russian sources of law.
Methodology: In this work author used systematic, comparative legal, formal and logical methods of interpretation of legal norms and rules.
Results: As a result of the research, a broad legal concept of this term has been formulated based on the identified general characteristics of «investment».
Novelty/originality/value: A broad legal concept of «investment» is defined, which in each case is subject to clarification and specification by the relevant legal acts, depending on the content and purpose of such acts. It is also concluded that at the moment the full awareness of the category of investments (their constituent features) has not occurred in the field of economics or in the field of law, knowledge about this phenomenon should still be deepened, and first of all, in the bosom of the economy itself.
Keywords: investment, investing, concept of investment, legal concept of investment.
References (transliterated)
1.Sornarajah M. The international law on foreign investment. Cambridge: Cambridge University press, 2004.
2.Antipova O.M. Pravovoe regulirovanie investicionnoj deyatel`nosti (analiz teoreticheskix i prakticheskix problem). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
3.Bogaty`rev A.G. Investicionnoe pravo. M.: Rossijskoe pravo, 1992.
4.Boguslavskij M.M. Mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo. 5-e izd., pererab. i dop. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
5.Vel`yaminov G.M. Mezhdunarodnoe e`konomi-cheskoe pravo i process: uchebnik. M., 2004.
6.Doronina N.G., Semilyutina N.G. Mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo i investicii: monografiya. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
7.Zhilinskij S.S. Ponyatie «investicii» v sovremennom rossijskom zakonodatel`stve // Zakonodatel`stvo. 2005. № 3. S. 74.
8.Investicionnoe pravo: uchebnik / V.V. Gushhin, A.A. Ovchinnikov. M.: E`ksmo, 2006.
9.Karro D., Zhyujar P. Mezhdunarodnoe e`konomi-cheskoe pravo: uchebnik / per. s francz. V.P. Serebrennikova, V.M. Shumilova. M.: Mezhdunar. otnosheniya, 2001.
10.Kropotov L.G. Kommercheskie investicii v ob``ekty` kapital`nogo stroitel`stva: pravovoe regulirovanie. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
11.Lisicza V.N. Pravovoe regulirovanie investicionny`x otnoshenij. Teoriya, zakonodatel`stvo i praktika primeneniya. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tant-Plyus».
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Rustamov P.А.
The contract for the provision of information services:concept and characteristics
Purpose: The author examines the problems of contractual relations, which are traditionally the subject of civil law regulation.
Methodology: Formal legal and comparative legal methods were used when writing the paper.
Results: The author analyzes and compares the legal framework in which the sphere of information services is regulated. Highlights the distinctive features of the agreement. Concludes that the information services category should be returned to the current law on information.
Novelty/originality/value: Author consider areas of legal regulation of relations that require the use of institutions or individual elements of another branch of law. Within the framework of information law, contractual structures are used to regulate relations in the following areas: work on creating information systems, carrying out business activities using the Internet information and communication network, providing remote access to remote databases, etc.
Keywords: information services, contractual relations, complex provisions, specifics of the contract, contractual obligations, information services.
References (transliterated)
1.Galaev A.Yu. Dogovor vozmezdnogo okazaniya informacionny`x uslug: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2009.
2.Mozolin V.P. O makro- i mikropravovom regulirovanii kompleksny`x imushhestvenny`x otnoshenij v sfere e`konomiki // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2012. № 9. S. 19–28.
3.Rustamov P.A. Ogranicheniya prava na informaciyu sub``ektov predprinimatel`stva // Sovremenny`j ucheny`j. 2019. № 6. S. 245.
4.Sitdikova L.B. Pravovoe regulirovanie otnoshenij v sfere okazaniya informacionny`x i konsul`tacionny`x uslug v Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoref. dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. M., 2009.
5.Tomas Kun. Struktura nauchny`x revolyucij. M.: AST, 2009.
 
JURISPRUDENCE AND EDUCATION
Yakubenko K.Y.
Problems of formation legal worldview of lawyers and society in the XXI century
Purpose: The article analyzes the existing views on the legal worldview in jurisprudence and attempts to identify the essential role of this component in the practical activities of society and lawyers, on the basis of which it is possible to form a system-activity model of theoretical and legal understanding of reality.
Methodology: The researcher used worldview, formal-logical and system-activity methods.
Results: Scientific research of the problem allowed to reveal the distinctive features of the legal worldview and its role in the legal consciousness of society and lawyers. The legal worldview acts as a reflection in the consciousness of society of ideas about the fundamental driving principles of law, its nature in relation to the universe, the picture of the world. It allows us to «embed» law and its many manifestations in the overall picture of the world, to find its necessary place and role in natural and social processes. The legal worldview becomes an important social value of the public consciousness, with the help of which the scientific and predictable management of social development is carried out (provided that scientific knowledge is true).
Novelty/originality/value: The main conclusions of the author are quite applicable in the educational process, can serve as a basis for further research, and will also be useful for the practice of improving the legal culture of lawyers in lawmaking and law enforcement in the future. The author presents a new view of the legal worldview as a system-activity reflection in the consciousness of society (lawyers) of ideas about the fundamental driving principles of law, its nature in relation to the universe, the picture of the world. It allows us to «embed» law and its many manifestations in the overall picture of the world, to find its necessary place and role in natural and social processes.
Keywords: legal worldview, law, legal awareness, laws of objective reality, lawyers, legal science.
References (transliterated)
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5.Nersesyancz V.S. Filosofiya prava. M.: Norma, 1997.
6.Palastrova G.V. Yuridicheskoe mirovozzrenie: teoretiko-metodologicheskij aspekt [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/yuridicheskoe-mirovozzrenie-teoretiko-metodologicheskiy-aspekt.
7.Pravovaya politika i cennosti prava. Istoriya i sovremennost`: monografiya / O.Yu. Ry`bakov i dr. M.: Saratov: Vserossijskij gosudarstvenny`j universitet yusticii (RPA Minyusta Rossii), Aj Pi E`r Media, 2016.
8.Sinyukov V.N. Rossijskaya pravovaya sistema. Vvedenie v obshhuyu teoriyu. M.: NORMA, 2010.
9.Sinyukov V.N., Sinyukova T.V. K voprosu o rossijskoj pravovoj doktrine v XXI veke // Voprosy` teorii gosudarstva i prava: Novy`e idei i podxody`: mezhvuz. sb. nauch. tr. / pod red. M.I. Bajtina. Saratov, 2000. Vy`p. 2 (11).
10.Sinyukov V.N. Rossiya v XXI veke: puti pravovogo razvitiya // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2000. № 11. S. 9–17.
11.Sinyukov V.N. Rossijskaya pravovaya sistema kak ob``ekt teoreticheskogo analiza // Pravo. Vlast`. Zakonnost`: Nizhegorodskie yuridicheskie zapiski: sb. nauch. tr. / pod red. akademika RAEN I PANI V.M. Baranova. N. Novgorod, 1997. Vy`p. 3.
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13.Fedorchenko A.A. K voprosu o pravovom mirovozzrenii budushhix yuristov // Tendencii razvitiya gosudarstva, prava i politiki v Rossii i mire: materialy` mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Kaluga: Poligraf-Inform, 2008. S. 243–248.
14.Fedorchenko A.A. Formirovanie pravovogo mirovozzreniya kak napravlenie deyatel`nosti Ministerstva yusticii Rossijskoj Federacii // Yusticiya. 2006. № 2. S. 10–19.
15.Fedorchenko A.A., Fedorchenko E.V. Pravovoe pro-stranstvo: konceptual`ny`e teoreticheskie osnovy`: monografiya. M.: Yurajt, 2020.
16.Shipilova Z.S. Razvitie pravosoznaniya u budushhix yuristov v vuze // Vestnik Krasnoyarskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. V.P. Astaf`eva. 2015. № 1 (31). S. 238–241.

Index

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The journal is included in the Highest attestation commitee`s of the ministry of education and science of Russian Federation list of the reviewed scientific journals in which the main scientific results of theses on competition of an academic degree of the candidate of science, on competition of an academic degree of the doctor of science have to be published (on the group of specialities 12.00.00 - Law Sciences)