NEWS
Интервью с членом Совета Федеральной палаты адвокатов Российской Федерации, Президентом Адвокатской палаты Республики Башкортостан Б.Г. Юмадиловым.: Интервью с Председателем Президиума Саратовской специализированной коллегии адвокатов, заслуженным юристом Российской Федерации, кандидатом юридических наук, профессором Н.П. Царевой: Интервью с доктором юридических наук, профессором, председателем Научно-консультативного и экспертного Совета Гильдии российских адвокатов, членом Научно-консультативного Совета Федеральной палаты адвокатов РФ, членом Научно-консультативного Совета при Ве: Интервью с вице-президентом Федеральной палаты адвокатов Российской Федерации С.И. Володиной: Интервью с доктором юридических наук, профессором, президентом Гильдии российских адвокатов, ректором Российской академии адвокатуры и нотариата Гасаном Борисовичем Мирзоевым:











RUS ENG
PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND ADVOCACY PROFESSION FUNCTIONING
Ragulin A.V.
Fixing the status of the Advocacy in the Constitution of the Russian Federation postponed indefinitely
Purpose: Consideration of the proposals to enshrine the status of the Advocacy in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, coming from the representatives of the bodies of corporate governance of the advocacy and public associations of advocates, formulated within the framework of the 2020 Constitutional Reform.
Methodology: The methods of structural-functional analysis, systematic method, formal-legal method, method of examination of documents, method of participant observation were used.
Results: The article presents the scientific and practical analysis of the proposals on fixing the status of the Advocacy in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, coming from the representatives of the bodies of corporate governance of the advocacy and public associations of advocates, formulated within the framework of the 2020 Constitutional reform. It is concluded that the consolidation of the status of the Advocacy in the Constitution of the Russian Federation is postponed indefinitely. The reason for this lies, in the author’s view, in the lack of legal technical and reasoning expertise in the proposals submitted by the Federal Chamber of Advocates of the Russian Federation, as well as in the unwillingness of this organization to support other well-founded proposals coming from public associations of advocates.
Novelty/originality/value: The article is of scientific value, since it is a study of the modern problems of organization and functioning of the Advocacy in Russian Federation.
Keywords: advocacy, advocate, advocacy development, problems of advocacy, Constitution of the Russian Federation, Constitutional reform.
References (transliterated)
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5.Ragulin A.V. Priznaki advokatury` v rossijskom zakonodatel`stve i yuridicheskoj nauke // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2020. № 1 (44). S. 11–27.
6.Ragulin A.V. Konstitucionno-pravovoe zakreplenie statusa advokatury` v SSSR i soyuzny`x respublikax i ego otrazhenie v zakonodatel`stve // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2020. № 2 (45). S. 35–46.
7.Mirzoev G.B., Ragulin A.V. Pravovoj status advokatury` v Rossijskoj Federacii: osnovny`e vy`vody` issledovaniya // Ucheny`e trudy` Rossijskoj akademii advokatury` i notariata. 2020. № 1 (56). S. 5–11.
8.Ragulin A.V. Sovremennoe konstitucionno-pravovoe i zakonodatel`noe zakreplenie statusa advokatury` v gosudarstvax, ranee vxodivshix v sostav SSSR // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2021. № 6 (50). S. 4–27.
9.Avak`yan S.A. Konstituciya Rossii: priroda, e`voly-uciya, sovremennost`. M.: Sashko, 2000 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://constitution.garant.ru/science-work/modern/1776651/chapter/89300effb84a59912210b23abe10a68f/.
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15.Vlasov A.A. Ne nastala li pora pridat` advokature konstitucionno-pravovoj status? // Advokatskie vesti Rossii. 2013. № 11–12 (155–156). S. 20–21.
16.Orlov O.V., Deev N.N. Advokatura kak institut politicheskoj sistemy` // Advokatura i sovremennost`. M., 1987. S. 7–13.
17.Rozenko E.A. O konstitucionny`x osnovax deyatel`-nosti rossijskoj advokatury` // Vestnik YuGU. 2014. № 1 (32) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/o-konstitutsionnyh-osnovah-deyatelnosti-rossiyskoy-advokatury.
18.Borovik I.E. Mesto i rol` advokatury` v sovremennom obshhestvenno-gosudarstvennom ustrojstve Rossii // Aktual`ny`e problemy` rossijskogo prava. 2007. № 2 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/mesto-i-rol-advokatury-v-sovremennom-obschestvenno-gosudarstvennom-ustroystve-rossii.
19.Kopy`lov S.V. Pridanie konstitucionnogo statusa institutu advokatury` v Rossijskoj Federacii (s ispol`zova-niem materialov Udmurtskoj Respubliki) // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. E`konomika i pravo. 2015. № 1 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/pridanie-konstitutsionnogo-statusa-institutu-advokatury-v-rossiyskoy-federatsii-s-ispolzovaniem-materialov-udmurtskoy-respubliki.
20.Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 21 dekabrya 2000 g. № 282-O «Ob otkaze v prinyatii k rassmotreniyu zhaloby` grazhdan Borodina Valentina Ivanovicha, Kushnira Stanislava Ivanovicha i Shumskogo Vladimira Stepanovicha na narushenie ix konstitucionny`x prav chast`yu vtoroj stat`i 3 Polozheniya ob advokature i chast`yu tret`ej stat`i 322 Grazhdanskogo processual`nogo kodeksa RSFSR» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/5043280/.
21.Alekseev S.S. U istokov Konstitucii Rossii. Sub``ek-tivny`e zametki. Ekaterinburg, 2009. S. 41–42.
22.Sitnikov M.V. Advokatura kak konstitucionno-pravovoj institut okazaniya kvalificirovannoj yuridicheskoj pomoshhi naseleniyu na sovremennom e`tape razvitiya grazhdanskogo obshhestva v Rossii // Srednerusskij vestnik obshhestvenny`x nauk. 2012. № 3 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/advokatura-kak-konstitutsionno-pravovoy-institut-okazaniya-kvalifitsirovannoy-yuridicheskoy-pomoschi-naseleniyu-na-sovremennom-etape.
23.https://www.advgazeta.ru/novosti/advokaturu-predlozheno-propisat-v-glave-7-konstitutsii-posvyashchennoy-sudebnoy-vlasti-i-prokurature/.
24.https://fparf.ru/news/fpa/prezident-fpa-nazval-mesto-dlya-advokatury-v-konstitutsii/.
25.Strogovich M.S. Priroda sovetskogo ugolovnogo processa i princip sostyazatel`nosti. M., 1939.
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27.Bannikov I.A. Ponyatie pravosudiya // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 11. Pravo. 2017. № 1 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ponyatie-pravosudiya-1.
28.https://rus-sociologia.slovaronline.com/861-%D0%94%D0%95%D0%AF%D0%A2%D0%95%D0%9B%D0%AC%D0%9D%D0%9E%D0%A1%D0%A2%D0%AC.
29.Zhilin G.A. Pravosudie po grazhdanskim delam. Aktual`ny`e voprosy`. M., 2013. S. 18.
30.https://fparf.ru/news/law-chambers/neobkhodimo-otrazit-konstitutsionalnuyu-rol-advokatury/.
31.https://fparf.ru/news/media/advokatura-khochet-propisatsya-v-sedmoy-glave-konstitutsii/?fbclid=IwAR0FPUMMxo-LVRxQn8ZHtzrwD23nBUOjBd7FPCioEfx9a6nzHx9nf4HqmEw.
32.https://fparf.ru/news/media/advokatura-khochet-propisatsya-v-sedmoy-glave-konstitutsii/.
33.https://fparf.ru/news/media/advokatura-khochet-propisatsya.
34.Advokatskie vesti Rossii. 2020. № 03–04 (231–232). S. 10.
35.Mirzoev G.B. Nashe konstitucionnoe pravo – zashhishhat` // Advokatskie vesti Rossii. 2020. № 03–04 (231–232). S. 18–19.
36.Ragulin A.V. Manifest advokatskogo soobshhestva // Advokatskie vesti Rossii. 2020. № 3–4 (231–232). S. 20–23.
37.Bashkin A.D. Advokata sleduet zadeklarirovat` // Advokatskie vesti Rossii. 2020. № 03–04 (231–232). S. 23–24.
38.Gulin E.V. Advokatura – chast` pravovoj sistemy` nashej strany` // Advokatskie vesti Rossii. 2020. № 03–04 (231–232). S. 29.
 
PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND ADVOCACY PROFESSION FUNCTIONING
Melnichenko R.G.
«Surrogate» lawyer justice
Purpose: To identify and problematize such a phenomenon as "surrogate justice" in the Russian legal profession.
Methodology: Statistical, hermeneutic and participatory observation were used.
Results: The problem of "surrogate justice" was identified, which is a system-forming one in the arrangement of the modern Russian legal profession. The signs of justice are given, which are correlated with the signs of "surrogate justice"; considered such a type of «surrogate justice» as surrogate justice in the legal profession, investigated its structure, indicated the problems that arose in connection with the functioning of «surrogate law courts».
Novelty/originality/value: The introduction of the term "surrogate justice" into scientific circulation, as well as the following terms: «surrogate rule-making», «surrogate process», «surrogate» court, etc., speaks of novelty, and the interpretation of the constitutional prescription «justice is carried out only by the court» about originality. The scientific and value-based nature of the study is evidenced by the recommendations that the author puts forward, based on the idea of «surrogate justice».
Keywords: advocacy, «surrogate» justice, quasi-judicial bodies, «surrogate» rule-making, «surrogate» process, advocate ethics.
References (transliterated)
1.Beshe-Golovko K. Modeli administrativny`x kvazisudebny`x organov: globalizaciya menedzhmenta protiv gosudarstvennosti // Zhurnal administrativnogo sudoproizvodstva. 2019. № 4.
2.Mel`nichenko R.G. Disciplinarnaya otvetstvennost` prisyazhnoj advokatury`: monografiya. M.: Yurlitinform, 2013.
3.Pankova O.V. Administrativnoe pravosudie i administrativnaya yusticiya v kontekste sootnosheniya s pravosudiem po delam ob administrativny`x pravonarusheniyax i administrativnoj yurisdikciej // Vestnik VGU. Seriya: Pravo. 2019. № 1 (36).
4.Reglament raboty` kvalifikacionnoj komissii Palaty` advokatov Nizhegorodskoj oblasti. Utverzhden Resheniem Soveta PANO ot 04.03.2020 (protokol № 3), soglasovan resheniem kvalifikacionnoj komissii PANO ot 19.02.2020 (protokol № 02), s izmeneniyami, vnesenny`mi resheniem Soveta PANO ot 02.12.2020 i 12.05.2021 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://apno.ru/component/wmartalpha/docs/kvakrom?Itemid=.
5.Federal`ny`j zakon ot 14.03.2002 № 30-FZ (red. ot 08.12.2020) «Ob organax sudejskogo soobshhestva v Rossijskoj Federacii».
 
PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND ADVOCACY PROFESSION FUNCTIONING
Baldantseren A.
Discrimination against advocates (on the example of decisions of advocates's autonomus governing bodies taken against the will of lawyers)
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to identify defects and gaps in the Federal Law "About advocacy and the legal profession of the Russian Federation", which allowed the bodies of advocates (lawyers) autonomus governing to mix executive and representative powers.
Methodology: general scientific methods of cognition of legal phenomena were used, such as systemic, formal-legal, comparative, the method of participatory observation.
Results: The profile law of Attorneys-at-Law (lawyers) 63-FL (Federal Law "About advocacy and the legal profession of the Russian Federation") in its current edition does not allow for a clear distinction between the representative and executive powers of the lawyer's autonomus governing bodies, does not prevent the usurpation of the powers of representative bodies by executive bodies, discrimination of lawyers by the latter.
Novelty/originality/value: This article is one of the first attempts to solve practical problems of overcoming discrimination against lawyers on the part of lawyer's autonomus governing bodies through identifying defects in legal regulation in this area.
Keywords: lawyer (advocate), lawyers autonomus governing bodies, corporate governning bodies, representative governing bodies, executive governing bodies.
Referenses (transliterated)
1.Silkov P.Yu. Kodeks beschestiya: antigosudarstvo v gosudarstve // Advokatskie vesti Rossii. 2021. № 1–2. S. 18–19.
2.Osnovny`e polozheniya o roli yuristov. Prinyaty` Vos`my`m kongressom OON po preduprezhdeniyu prestuplenij v avguste 1990 g. N`yu-Jork, Gavana // Vajpan V.A. Nastol`naya kniga advokata. M.: Yusticinform, 2006. S. 332–337.
3.Otkry`toe obrashhenie advokatov k delegatam X Vserossijskogo s``ezda advokatov // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2021. № 1(50). C. 106–107 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://legalpetition.ru/code?fbclid=IwAR1-EVsZAPZdCB71j68oawtPAKpM-eSpYjM3kPU-vhSbRB6huxy9FB7IMEY.
4.https://fparf.ru/documents/draft-regulations/predlozheniya-po-obsuzhdeniyu-popravok-v-kodeks-professionalnoy-etiki-advokata/.
5.Ragulin A.V., Shavin V.A., Mel`nichenko R.G. Popravki FPA v KPE`A: ustranyaya stary`e oshibki, nel`zya sovershat` novy`x! // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2020. № 6(49). S. 9–18.
6.Katanyan K. Kodeks professional`noj e`tiki priobretaet novy`e ochertaniya // Sajt AP Kurskoj oblasti. Novosti. 17.07.2020.
7.Obrashhenie advokata Ragulina A.V. k X Vserossijskomu s``ezdu advokatov // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2021. № 1 (50). S. 108–109.
8.Obrashhenie advokata Gusakova Yu.V. k X Vserossijskomu s``ezdu advokatov // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2021. № 1 (50). S. 110.
9.Obrashhenie advokata Baldancze`re`n A. k X Vserossijskomu s``ezdu advokatov // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2021. № 1 (50). S. 111–115.
10.Obrashhenie Darvinoj I.V. k X Vserossijskomu s``ezdu advokatov // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2021. № 1 (50). S. 116–118.
11.Mel`nichenko R.G. Put` k total`noj diktature FPA // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2021. № 1 (50). S. 21–23.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Juriev S.S., Korotkova P.E.
Institutional aspects of providing the right of familiarization with materials of a criminal case
Purpose: Optimization of procedures for familiarization with materials of a criminal case.
Methodology: Historical-legal method, statistic method, analysis and synthesis method were used.
Results: According to this study, it was concluded that it is necessary to distinguish an objective standard on the basis of which it is possible to protect the interests of the defense when making claims in the "obvious delay" of familiarization with materials of a criminal case. It was established that the solution to the problem of limiting the time period for familiarization lies within two planes: the first one is the organizational component, which does not require any changes in legislation; the second one is institutional, related to adjustment of the regulatory field. Proposals were made to amend the criminal procedure law in this area.
Novelty/originality/value: The article is of high scientific value as it contains concrete proposals to improve criminal procedure legislation in order to optimize the procedures for familiarization with materials of a criminal case using digital technologies as well.
Keywords: advocate, defendant, familiarization with materials of case, time limitation of familiarization, electronic document exchange, digital technology.
References (transliterated)
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2.Berdnikov D.V. Psixofiziologicheskie osobennosti regulyacii celenapravlennoj deyatel`nosti po vospriyatiyu i vosproizvedeniyu informacii: avtoref. dis. … d-ra med. nauk. Kursk, 2016.
3.Burd`e P. Social`noe prostranstvo: polya i praktiki: per. s francz. / otv. red. perevoda, sost. i poslesl. N.A. Shmatko. M.: Institut e`ksperimental`noj sociologii; SPb.: Aletejya, 2005.
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6.Kokin S. Rasplata. Sotrudniki UNKVD po Zhitomirskoj oblasti – ispolniteli Bol`shogo terrora // Chekisty` na skam`e podsudimy`x: sb. statej. M.: Probel-2000, 2017. S. 115–207.
7.Kolokolov N.A. Oznakomlenie s materialami ugolovnogo dela. Sledovatel` dolzhen by`t` osvobozhden ot nesvojstvenny`x emu funkcij // Rossijskij sledovatel`. 2014. № 4. S. 3–6.
8.«Kortezh» ne zapustilsya v nebo. Konstruktor dvigatelya pervogo rossijskogo biznesdzheta okazalsya pod sledstviem // Kommersant``. 2021. 9 iyunya. № 98. S. 4 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4849209.
9.Kushnerev V.I. Realizaciya principa razumnogo sroka ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva v normax, reguliruyushhix processual`ny`e sroki v dosudebnom proizvodstve: avtoref. dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2019.
10.Matveev A.V. Oznakomlenie s materialami ugolovnogo dela v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve Rossii: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2009.
11.Ragulin A.V. Pravo advokata-zashhitnika na oznakomlenie s materialami ugolovnogo dela posle zaversheniya predvaritel`nogo rassledovaniya: problemny`e voprosy` reglamentacii i prakticheskoj realizacii // Advokat. 2012. № 4. S. 19.
12.Sarelajnen A.I. Osobennosti psixologicheskogo vozdejstviya, primenyaemogo sledovatelyami Sledstvennogo komiteta v xode professional`noj deyatel`nosti: dis. … kand. psixolog. nauk. Rostov n/D, 2017.
13.Cifrovoe pravo: uchebnik / pod obshh. red. V.V. Blazheeva, M.A. Egorovoj; MGYuA im. O.E. Kutafina. M.: Prospekt, 2021.
14.Chepkova T., Lixodej E. Chto takoe texnologiya raspredelennogo reestra [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://beincrypto.ru/learn/chto-takoe-tehnologiya-raspredelennogo-reestra.
15.Chmy`xova E.V., Davy`dova D.G., Lavrova T.P. E`ksperimental`noe issledovanie faktorov skorosti chteniya // Psixologiya obucheniya. 2014. № 9. S. 23–36.
16.Vy`stuplenie Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii V.V. Putina na plenarnom zasedanii XXIV Peterburgskogo mezhdunarodnogo e`konomicheskogo foruma 4 iyunya 2021 g. // Oficial`ny`j sajt Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii v informacionno-telekommunikacionnoj seti «Internet» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://kremlin.ru/events/president/news/65746.
17.Vstrecha Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii V.V. Putina s vy`pusknikami programmy` razvitiya kadrovogo rezerva Vy`sshej shkoly` gosupravleniya RANXiGS. 17 iyunya 2021 g. // Oficial`ny`j sajt Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii v informacionno-telekommunikacionnoj seti «Internet» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://kremlin.ru/events/president/news/65873.
18.Sostoyanie prestupnosti v Rossii za yanvar`–dekabr` 2019 g.: analiticheskij sbornik. M.: General`naya prokuratura Rossijskoj Federacii, 2020. S. 36 // Portal pravovoj statistiki [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://crimestat.ru/analytics.
19.Zakonoproekt № 1039309-6 «O vnesenii izmeneniya v stat`yu 217 Ugolovno-processual`nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://sozd.duma.gov.ru/download/2BA53E8C-4D4B-48ED-B4C2-C50302935A84.
20.Poyasnitel`naya zapiska k proektu federal`nogo zakona «O vnesenii izmeneniya v stat`yu 217 Ugolovno-processual`nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://sozd.duma.gov.ru/download/0FBFB594-AA08-4F7D-829C-53BF841DB37F.
21.Zaklyuchenie Komiteta Gosudarstvennoj Dumy` po gosudarstvennomu stroitel`stvu i zakonodatel`stvu po proektu federal`nogo zakona № 1039309-6 «O vnesenii izmeneniya v stat`yu 217 Ugolovno-processual`nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii», vnesennomu O.L. Mixeevy`m v period ispolneniya im polnomochij deputata Gosudarstvennoj Dumy` [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://sozd.duma.gov.ru/download/1542CBBA-8D07-40A4-B67A-D7017D493CC3.
22.Chto takoe texnologiya raspredelennogo reestra [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://helpiks.org/9-36958.html.
23.Xarakteristiki chteniya (pokazateli urovnya razvitiya navy`kov chteniya) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://helpiks.org/9-36958.html.
24.http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_365177/9ffee3a02747a38d1357066769d658cf77f5194a/.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Goltsov A.T.
Initiation of criminal proceedings and «pre-investigation» checks in Russian criminal proceedings
Purpose: To study the institutions of initiation of criminal proceedings and «pre-investigation» checks in Russian criminal proceedings.
Methodology: General, general scientific and private scientific methods were used.
Results: The article is devoted to topical issues of the organization of Russian criminal justice – institutions of initiation of criminal cases and «pre-investigation» checks. The author considers the Russian criminal procedure from a certain angle: from the point of view of its fundamental importance for the organization of criminal procedural activity as the main one, to which all stages of the criminal process can be reduced. The «artificial» differentiation of criminal procedure activities at the stage (initiation of a criminal case and preliminary investigation, etc.) has quite definite reasons: it is aimed at constructing such a control mechanism implanted in the criminal process itself (in the absence of an alternative, located outside the criminal proceedings), which would ensure that the decisions taken in the criminal case correspond to the actual circumstances and the requirements of the current legislation (primarily sectoral, criminal and criminal procedure). In such a situation, the hierarchical structure of law enforcement agencies and the judicial system should create additional «vertical» mechanisms for monitoring the «quality» of decisions taken in criminal proceedings. The assessment of the «correctness» of the decisions of law enforcement agencies-participants in criminal proceedings on the part of the prosecution, due to the lack of any formalized criteria, relies entirely on them-the heads of the investigative bodies (heads of the body of inquiry), the prosecutor and their higher-level managers.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high degree of scientific value, since it is an original attempt to study the impact of the key stage of pre-trial proceedings – the initiation of a criminal case – on the organization of Russian criminal proceedings.
Keywords: initiation of a criminal case, pre-investigation check, investigator, lawyer, court, prosecutor.
References (transliterated)
1.Gavrilov B.Ya. Stadiya vozbuzhdeniya ugolovnogo dela: mnenie praktikov i ucheny`x // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2016. № 4. S. 33–40
2.Gavrilov B.Ya. Rol` instituta vozbuzhdeniya ugolovnogo dela v obespechenii prava poterpevshix na ix dostup k pravosudiyu // Vestnik Sibirskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2018. № 2 (31). S. 19–27.
3.Mixajlovskaya I.B. Izmenenie zakonodatel`noj modeli rossijskogo ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva. M.: Prospekt, 2017. S. 24.
4.Petruxin I.L. Teoreticheskie osnovy` reformy` ugolovnogo processa v Rossii. Ch. II. M.: Prospekt, 2005. S. 26.
5.Ugolovno-processual`noe pravo RF: uchebnik / otvet. red.: I.L. Petruxin, I.B. Mixajlovskaya. M.: Prospekt, 2011. S. 198–201.
6.Shejfer S.A. Dokazatel`stva i dokazy`vanie po ugolovny`m delam. M.: Norma, 2008. S. 67–73.
7.Teoriya dokazatel`stv v sovetskom ugolovnom processe / otvet. red. N.V. Zhogin. M.: Yuridicheskaya literatura, 1973. S. 256–286.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Khvenko T.I.
Organizational and tactical features of the participation of a lawyer during interrogation
Purpose: Development of organizational and tactical recommendations to improve the effectiveness of the participation of a lawyer in the interrogation of a client at the pre-trial stage of criminal proceedings.
Methodology: The method of analysis and formal legal method were used in the article.
Results: The tactics of the lawyer's activity in the process of the lawyer's participation in the interrogation of the client during the preliminary investigation were determined.
Novelty/originality/value: The article proposes an algorithm of actions necessary for a lawyer to effectively participate in the interrogation of a client, conducted by the official bodies of the preliminary investigation at the pre-trial stage of criminal proceedings.
Keywords: defende, preliminary investigation, participation of a defense attorney in investigative actions, participation of a lawyer in interrogation.
References (transliterated)
1.Dereberg M.A. Osobennosti taktiki proizvodstva sledstvenny`x dejstvij s uchastiem zashhitnika: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2001.
2.Lobanova A.A. Advokat kak storona zashhity` v sostyazatel`nom dosudebnom proizvodstve po ugolovnomu delu: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. SPb., 2003.
3.Potokina O.V. Uchastie zashhitnika v sledstvenny`x dejstviyax (sovremenny`e ugolovno-processual`ny`e i takticheskie problemy`): dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2001.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Radov V.V.
Problems of iatrogenic crimes qualification
Purpose: Development of recommendations for improving the theoretical basis and law enforcement practice of qualifying iatrogenic crimes.
Methodology: The legal method and the method of legal hermeneutics were formally used, and postclassical methodology.
Results: This article accumulates the conclusions of the author's master's thesis research on this theme, successfully defended on June 30, 2021 at the St. Petersburg Law Institute of the University of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation. The article deals with the problems of qualification of crimes against life and health, committed by medical workers. The author demonstrates an analysis of the most common and still unresolved issues of the correct assessment of inappropriate provision (non-provision) of medical care. Provisions are formulated that allow solving the difficulties of differentiating iatrogenic crimes and their delimitation from other criminal acts. The peculiarity of the research consists in the development of solutions to the raised problems exclusively de lege lata.
Novelty/originality/value: The article is valuable, since for the first time it accumulates the latest practice and scientific research on the topic of research, demonstrates specific proposals for resolving the problems of qualifying iatrogenic crimes.
Keywords: inadequate provision of medical care, negligence crimes, crimes against life and health.
References (transliterated)
1.Dvorkin R. Imperiya prava / per. s angl. S. Moiseeva; pod nauch. red. S. Koval`, A. Pavlova. M.: Izd-vo In-ta Gajdara, 2020.
2.Radov V.V. Razgranichenie yatrogenny`x prestup-lenij, predusmotrenny`x chast`yu 2 stat`i 109 i chast`yu 2 stat`i 124 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii // Zakon i pravo. 2021. № 7.
3.Radov V.V. Konfiguraciya prichinnoj svyazi pri bezdejstvii obyazannogo licza // Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarny`e i obshhestvenny`e nauki. 2020. T. 4. № 3.
4.Radov V.V. Soderzhanie viny` v sostave neokazaniya pomoshhi bol`nomu // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2021. № 8.
5.Chestnov I.L. Teoriya prava v e`poxu post-postmoderna // V poiskax teorii prava: monografiya / pod red.: E.G. Samoxina i E.N. Tonkova. SPb.: Aletejya, 2021.
6.Hart H.L.A. Philosophy of Law and Jurisprudence in Britain (1945–1952) // The American Journal of Comparative Law. Vol. 2. № 3 (Summer, 1953).
7.Rees W.J. The Theory of Sovereignty Restated // Mind. 1950. Vol. 59. P. 495–521.
8.Summers A. Common-Sense Causation in the Law // Oxford Journal of Legal Studies. 2018. Vol. 38 (4).
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Kisil A.A.
Problematic aspects of the division of the common property of the spouses in court and ways to overcome them
Purpose: To identify gaps in the legislative regulation of the relations of spouses on the division of common property in divorce, as well as to consider the issues of improving legislation of property relations of spouses.
Methodology: Historical, dialectical, systemic, comparative-legal, formal-legal methods, analysis, and synthesis.
Results: An important change is the introduction of such a concept as a complex of common property of the spouses, which will include both assets and liabilities of the spouses. So, it will be possible to file a claim immediately about the entire property and not separate claims for each type of property and debt. The provisions on the division of property during bankruptcy, on the division of credit debts and business assets should be provided for in the Family Code.
Novelty/originality/value: The conducted research not only identifies the existing gaps but also explains how to update the current norms of Russian legislation. It is impossible to say that the legislation of family law is outdated. Nevertheless, relations in society are developing and becoming more complicated every year. The current family legislation needs reforming. However, research on these issues reduced to considering the provisions contained in various Decisions and Rulings of the Supreme Court. The article has a high scientific value, since it is one of the first attempts to develop recommendations on reforming family legislation in Russia based on the established judicial practice, explanations of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, as well as foreign practice, which will bring certainty to the situation of spouses during divorce, will allow creating a uniform judicial practice and reduce the burden on the judicial system.
Keywords: division of property, bankruptcy, jointly acquired property, business assets.
References (transliterated)
1.Gurchenko E.V., Kovel`yanova O.A. Obespechenie prav i interesov suprugov pri razdele imushhestva, ili kak obezopasit` biznes, esli semejny`e otnosheniya soxranit` ne udalos` // Zakon. 2017. № 2. S. 35 –41.
2.Budy`lin S. Muzh i zhena – odna satana? Bankrotstvo grazhdanina i semejny`e aktivy` [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://zakon.ru/blog/2015/1/29/muzh_i_zhena__odna_satana__bankrotstvo_grazhdanina_i_semejnye_aktivy.
3.Shlyapnikova Dar`ya. Razvod i devich`ya familiya: kak anglijskie sudy` delyat imushhestvo rossijskix grazhdan [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://lfacademy.ru/sphere/post/razvod-i-devichya-familiya-kak-angliiskie-sudy-delyat-imuschestvo-rossiiskih-grazhdan.
4.Zajcev Oleg. Kak pravil`no delit` obshhee imushhestvo suprugov v sluchae ego bankrotstva? [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://zakon.ru/discussion/2018/12/10/kak_pravilno_delit_obschee_imuschestvo_suprugov_v_sluchae_ego_bankrotstva_kritika_abzaca_2_punkta_6_.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Donskaya D.S.
Cross-border blockchain arbitration clause
Purpose: To analyze the problems of legal regulation of particular aspects of the resolution of cross-border disputes via blockchain arbitration, in particular, the issues related to legal uncertainty regarding the requirements for blockchain arbitration agreements.
Methodology: Formal legal, comparative legal, logical methods.
Results: The article concludes that the emergence of the new mechanisms of online resolution of cross-border disputes, such as blockchain arbitration, in practice necessitates to work out an integrated approach to regulating the relations that originate from the usage of such mechanisms. The author notes the absence of special legal regulation at both international and national levels and substantiates the problem of applying the provisions of existing international treaties regarding alternative dispute resolution and national legislation applicable to arbitration agreements in a written form to blockchain arbitration clauses and also draws attention to the amplification of value of non-state regulation.
Novelty/originality/value: The article provides a comprehensive analysis of the legal regulation of cross-border blockchain arbitration clauses, that enables to determine the range of issues that need to be resolved, as well as suggests practical recommendations on execution of blockchain arbitration agreements under the current legal uncertainty.
Keywords: blockchain arbitration, blockchain; arbitration, dispute resolution clause (agreement), blockchain arbitration clause, arbitration clause, online dispute resolution, ODR, cross-border dispute, alternative dispute resolution, online dispute settlement, smart contract, international private law, applicable law, New York Convention, European Convention on international commercial arbitration, UNCITRAL, non-state regulation, lex mercatoria, lex cryptographica.
References (transliterated)
1.Cifrovoe pravo: uchebnik / A. Dyuflo, L.V. Andreeva, V.V. Blazheev i dr.; pod obshh. red. V.V. Blazheeva, M.A. Egorovoj. M.: Prospekt, 2020.
2.Zasemkova O.F. Razreshenie sporov s pomoshh`yu texnologii blokchejn // Aktual`ny`e problemy` rossijskogo prava. 2019. № 4. S. 160–167.
3.Kanashevskij V.A. Mezhdunarodny`e sdelki: pravovoe regulirovanie. M.: Mezhdunarodny`e otnosheniya, 2016.
4.Lukoyanov N.V. Pravovy`e aspekty` zaklyucheniya, izmeneniya i prekrashheniya smart-kontraktov // Yuridicheskie issledovaniya. 2018. № 11. S. 28–35.
5.Mazhorina M.V. O kollizii prava i «neprava», renovacii lex mercatoria, smart-kontraktax i blokchejn-arbitrazhe // Lex Russica (Russkij zakon). 2019. № 7. S. 93–107.
6.Rozhkova M.A. Ob avtomatizacii onlajn-arbitrazha i onlajn-uregulirovaniya kommercheskix i potrebitel`skix sporov // E-commerce i vzaimosvyazanny`e oblasti (pravovoe regulirovanie): sbornik statej / A.A. Bogustov, O.N. Goroxova, D.A. Dorotenko i dr.; ruk. avt. kol. i otv. red. M.A. Rozhkova. M.: Statut, 2019.
7.Buchwald M. Smart Contract Dispute Resolution: the Inescapable Flaws of Blockchain-Based Arbitration // University of Pennsylvania Law Review. 2020. Vol. 168. P. 1369–1423.
8.Darcy W.E. Allen, Aaron M. Lane, Marta Poblet. The Governance of Blockchain Dispute Resolution // Harvard Negotiation Law Review. 2019. Vol. 25. P. 75–101.
9.Gudkov A.V. Crowd Arbitration: Blockchain Dispute Resolution // Legal Issues in the Digital Age. 2020. № 3. R. 59–77.
10.Jevremovic N. Blockchain, Smart Contracts and ADR (2020). Verona Summer School, Collection of Papers, Forthcoming [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3699422.
11.Koulu R. Blockchains and Online Dispute Resolution: Smart Contracts as an Alternative to Enforcement. 2016. № 13:1. SCRIPTed. P. 40–69.
12.Peter L. Michaelson, Sandra A. Jeskie. Arbitrating Disputes Involving Blockchains, Smart Contracts, and Smart Legal Contracts // Dispute Resolution Journal. 2020. October. Vol. 74. № 4. R. 89–133.
13.Ortolani P. The impact of blockchain technologies and smart contracts on dispute resolution: arbitration and court litigation at the crossroads // Uniform Law Review. 2019. Vol. 24. Issue 2. June. P. 430–448.
14.Ortolani P. The Judicialisation of the Blockchain (August 14, 2018) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3230880.
15.Shehata I. Smart Contracts & International Arbitration (November 24, 2018) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3290026.
16.Shehata I. Three Potential Imminent Benefits of Blockchain for International Arbitration: Cybersecurity, Confidentiality & Efficiency (November 24, 2018) // Young Arbitration Review, 2018 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3290028.
17.Sirena P., Patti F.P. Smart Contracts and Automation of Private Relationships // Bocconi Legal Studies Research Paper Series. 2020. № 3662402. July. P. 1–17.
 
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Garmaev Y.P.
Choice of attorney-defender in criminal proceedings by the contractor: statement of the problem and its scientific, educational potential
Purpose: The article deals with the problem of the client's choice of an attorney-defender in criminal proceedings, which has been little studied in legal science. The goal is to identify directions for solving this problem.
Methodology: Analytical, formal legal, comparative legal methods and educational approach were used.
Results: Taking into account the interdisciplinary nature of the ways of solving the problem, an incomplete list of legal sciences (and their sections), academic disciplines, where it is necessary to develop recommendations on the choice of a lawyer and interaction with him, is proposed.
Novelty/originality/value: The author is one of the first to substantiate the urgency of the problem both for citizens, law enforcement, and legal education and legal education. For the first time, the forms and content of relevant educational and awareness-raising activities are proposed.
Keywords: how to choose a lawyer, legal education, protection of citizens' rights, forensics, advocacy and advocacy, criminal procedure.
References (transliterated)
1.Vy`biraem advokata: neskol`ko prosty`x pravil [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://pravorub.ru/articles/1491.html.
2.Kak vy`brat` advokata / Yu.P. Garmaev, O.V. Vikulov, I.M. Polyakov, V.V. Savczov, Yu.B. Chupilkin i dr.; pod obshh. red. Yu.P. Garmaeva. Kn. 1. Osnovy` vy`bora advokata v ugolovnom processe. Ulan-Ude`: Izdatel`stvo Buryatskogo gosuniversiteta, 2021.
3.Kak najti nadezhnogo gramotnogo advokata i ne poteryat` pri e`tom vremya i den`gi? [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://topurist.ru/article/53511-kak-nayti-nadezhnogo-gramotnogo-advokata-i-ne-poteryat-pri-etom-vremya-i-dengi.html.
4.Kak pravil`no vy`brat` advokata. Oleg Suxov [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=17l8-E69t0A.
5.Kak pravil`no vy`brat` yurista [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://cpk42.com/kak-pravilno-vybrat-iurista/.
6.Kodeks professional`noj e`tiki advokata [E`lektron-ny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/documents/fpa-rf/documents-of-the-congress/the-code-of-professional-ethics-of-lawyer/.
7.Kupriyanov A.A. E`ffekt zashhitnika: kak vy`brat` advokata i kak s nim pobedit`: rukovodstvo dlya klientov / A.A. Kupriyanov, F.A. Kupriyanov, E.R. Kupriyanova. M.: IRISBOOK, 2014.
8.Nevedenie // E`nciklopediya buddizma [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://clck.ru/VHqd2.
9.Nikiforov A.V. Obzor disciplinarny`x prostupkov advokatov Advokatskoj palaty` Moskovskoj oblasti, svyazanny`x s izmeneniem poryadka uchastiya v kachestve zashhitnikov po naznacheniyu [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://apmo.ru/uid1124/?%20show=theme&id=15866.
10.Petruxin I.L. Otchet o sociologicheskom issledovanii faktorov, vliyayushhix na deyatel`nost` advokatov Moskovskoj gorodskoj kollegii advokatov // Rasskazy`vayut advokaty` / otv. red. G.M. Reznik. M., 2000.
11.Garmaev Yu.P. Preduprezhdenie korrupcii v nalogovy`x organax i zashhita ot nezakonnogo obvineniya: videolekciya [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://youtu.be/mdbqmXRysS4.
12.Reznik G.M. Spasite advokaturu // Rasskazy`vayut advokaty`. M., 2000.
13.Sovety` advokata: Kak vy`brat` advokata? Aleksandr Dobrovinskij [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://youtu.be/wsCyR216Lsc.
14.Standart osushhestvleniya advokatom zashhity` v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/documents/fpa-rf/documents-of-the-congress/standard-implementation-of-a-defence-counsel-in-criminal-proceedings/.
15.Titov prokommentiroval osvobozhdenie iz SIZO biznesmena Zotova [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://clck.ru/VPPSq.

JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Gabdrakhmanov R. L., Kuzhikov V.N., Denisenko M.V.
To the question of an administrative offence in criminal law on the fact of the crime under Article 264.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Purpose: To study the qualification of the crime with administrative pre-installation, provided for by Article 264.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Methodology: Analysis method and formal legal and systemic methods were used.
Results: Studying the qualifications of crimes related to Article 264.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the authors noted difficulties in determining the objective party and subject of the crime and delineating the crime with administrative offenses. Statistics and jurisprudence on the problem studied are analyzed.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high scientific value, as the authors, using criminal, administrative and other legislation, materials of judicial practice, came to the conclusion that the criminal and administrative legislation was improved.
Keywords: crime qualification, administrative pre-management, intoxication, driving, statistics.
References (transliterated)
1.Isaev N.I. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost` za narushenie pravil dorozhnogo dvizheniya i e`kspluatacii transportny`x sredstv: nauch.-praktich. posob. / pod red. prof. N.G. Kadnikova. M.: Yurisprudenciya,2010. S. 140–141.
2.Kovalev M.I. Prestuplenie i prostupok // Problemy` sovershenstvovaniya zakonodatel`stva po ukrepleniyu pravoporyadka i usileniya bor`by` s prestupleniyami: mezhvuzovskij sbornik nauchny`x trudov. Sverdlovsk, 1982. S. 11–12.
3.Lyapunov Yu. I. Obshhestvennaya opasnost` deyaniya kak universal`naya kategoriya sovetskogo ugolovnogo prava. M.,1989. S. 39.
4.Postanovlenie Plenuma Verxovnogo Suda RF ot 29.04.1994 № 1 «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o vozmeshhenii vreda, prichinennogo povrezhdeniem zdorov`ya», p. 17.
5.Koncepciya razvitiya ugolovnogo zakonodatel`stva / otv. red.: T.Ya. Xabrievа, Yu.A. Tixomirov. M., 2014. S. 58.
6.Mal`cev V.V. Kategoriya «obshhestvenno opasnoe povedenie». Volgograd, 1995. S. 62.
7.Shemyakin D.V. Problemny`e voprosy` ispol`zova-niya administrativnoj preyudicii v ugolovnom prave // Rossijskij sledovatel`. 2015. № 1-5. S. 43–47.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Kotova А.А.
To the question of criminal liability for illegal traffic of precious metals, precious and semiprecious stones
Purpose: Substantiation of proposals for improving of combating crimes in the sphere of illegal traffic in the Russian Federation of precious metals, precious and semiprecious stones.
Methodology: Systemic and formal-legal methods were used in the research process.
Results: On the basis of the conducted research, it is proposed to amend the criminal legislation in the field of illegal traffic of precious metals, precious and semiprecious stones in terms of clarifying the subjects of the crimes under consideration, as well as moving the article, providing for liability for the unauthorized extraction of precious metals, precious and semiprecious stones, from Chapter 26 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation «Environmental Crimes» into Chapter 22 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation «Crimes in the Sphere of Economic Activity». It is also proposed to develop a unified classification of precious metals, precious and semi-precious stones, approved by the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation.
Novelty/originality/value: The importance of the study is due to the latest changes in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation in the field of illegal traffic in precious metals, precious and semi-precious stones, which require the development of theoretical proposals for the application of new provisions of the criminal law. The significance of the research results lies in the development of provisions for improving the criminal legislation in this area.
Keywords: precious metals, precious stones, illegal traffic, criminal liability, economic crimes.
References (transliterated)
1.Barxatova E.N. Osobennosti zakonodatel`nogo regulirovaniya otvetstvennosti za nezakonny`j oborot dragocenny`x metallov i dragocenny`x kamnej // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2019. № 2 (89). S. 43–52.
2.Barxatova E.N., Belomestnov N.E. Yantar` – prirodnoe bogatstvo vne ugolovno-pravovoj zashhity` // Legal Concept. 2019. № 4. S. 174–180.
3.Vlasenko V.V., Zherebchenko A.V. K voprosu o novellax ugolovnogo zakonodatel`stva v sfere protivodejstviya nezakonnomu oborotu dragocenny`x metallov, poludragocenny`x i dragocenny`x kamnej libo zhemchuga // Vestnik e`konomicheskoj bezopasnosti. 2020. № 5. S. 116–120.
4.Zabavko R.A. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost` za nezakonny`e doby`chu i oborot yantarya, nefrita i drugix poludragocenny`x kamnej // Voprosy` rossijskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava. 2020. T. 10. № 8A. S. 131–142.
5.Zakonoproekt № 1172932-7 «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovny`j kodeks RF i Ugolovno-processual`ny`j kodeks RF (v chasti utochneniya otvetstvennosti v sfere proizvodstva, ispol`zovaniya i obrashheniya dragocenny`x metallov i dragocenny`x kamnej)» // Oficial`ny`j sajt SOZD GAS «Zakonotvorchestvo» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://sozd.duma.gov.ru/bill/1172932-7.
6.Zakonoproekt № 657608-7 «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovny`j kodeks RF i Ugolovno-processual`ny`j kodeks RF (v chasti ustanovleniya otvetstvennosti za samovol`nuyu doby`chu i nezakonny`j oborot yantarya, nefrita ili iny`x poludragocenny`x kamnej)» // Oficial`ny`j sajt SOZD GAS «Zakonotvorchestvo» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://sozd.duma.gov.ru/bill/657608-7.
7.Ivanov A.G. Prestupleniya v sfere oborota dragocenny`x metallov i kamnej: monografiya / pod red. d-ra yurid. nauk, prof. V.V. Kuly`gina; RPA Minyusta Rossii, Dal`nevostochny`j (g. Xabarovsk) filial. M.; Xabarovsk: RPA Minyusta Rossii, 2011.
8.Semerkov S.S. Kriminalisticheskaya xarakteristika nezakonnogo oborota yantarya, nefrita ili iny`x poludragocenny`x kamnej, dragocenny`x metallov, dragocenny`x kamnej libo zhemchuga // Cifrovaya nauka. 2020. № 4 (4). S. 219–226.
9.Sostoyanie prestupnosti v Rossii za yanvar`–dekabr` 2020 goda // GIACz MVD Rossii [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://media.mvd.ru/files/application/2041459.
10.Stepanov R.O. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost` za nezakonny`j oborot dragocenny`x metallov, prirodny`x dragocenny`x kamnej ili zhemchuga: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2006.
11.Chernov A.V., Gabeev S.V. Nezakonny`j oborot yantarya, nefrita ili iny`x poludragocenny`x kamnej, dragocenny`x metallov, dragocenny`x kamnej libo zhemchuga: problemy`, determiniruemy`e novoj redakciej st. 191 UK RF // Aktual`ny`e problemy` rossijskogo prava. 2021. № 3 (124). S. 97–109.
12.Yankevich S.V. Pravovoe regulirovanie obrashheniya dragocenny`x metallov i dragocenny`x kamnej v Rossijskoj Federacii (Finansovo-pravovy`e aspekty`): dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2015. S. 3.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Boginsky M.M.
Inter-industrial relationship of personal safety measures in the personal security mechanism as a guarantee of neutralization of counteraction to criminal legal proceedings
Purpose: Studying the intersectoral interrelationships of criminal procedural, criminal law, criminal executive, administrative and legal measures to ensure the safety of the individual in the Russian criminal process, as one of the prerequisites for the effective functioning of the mechanism for combating opposition to criminal proceedings in the form of unlawful influence on the person.
Methodology: Formal legal methods were applied.
Results: The author makes the main conclusion that the effectiveness of the fight against unlawful influence on a person as a form of counteraction to criminal proceedings is due to the quality of normative regulation and the practical implementation of the application of multi-sectoral measures of personal security.
Novelty/originality/value: The scientific and practical value of the article is determined already at the stage of setting the research goal, since it is one of the first attempts in science to study the legal institution of ensuring the criminal procedural security of an individual in the context of combating opposition to criminal proceedings.
Keywords: security, personal security, criminal procedure, security measures, counteraction to criminal proceedings.
Referenses (transliterated)
1.Andreeva O.I., Zajcev O.A., Epixin A.Yu. Zapret opredelenny`x dejstvij kak novaya mera obespecheniya bezopasnosti lichnosti v ugolovnom processe // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2018. № 436. S. 225–229.
2.Antonov I.O., Klyukova M.E., Raxmatullin R.R., Verin A.Yu. Nekotory`e problemy` primeneniya norm Ugolovno-processual`nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii, reglamentiruyushhix institut dosudebnogo soglasheniya o sotrudnichestve // Ucheny`e trudy` Rossijskoj akademii advokatury` i notariata. 2017. № 2 (45). S. 49–53.
3.Antonov I.O., Verin A.Yu., Klyukova M.E., Shagieva R.V. Transformaciya instituta priostanovleniya proizvodstva po ugolovnomu delu v stadii predvaritel`nogo rassledovaniya // Ucheny`e trudy` Rossijskoj akademii advokatury` i notariata. 2018. № 4 (51). S. 113–116.
4.Brusnicin L.V. Teoretiko-pravovy`e osnovy` i mirovoj opy`t obespecheniya bezopasnosti licz, sodejstvuyushhix ugolovnomu pravosudiyu: dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk. M., 2003.
5.Epixin A.Yu. Koncepciya obespecheniya bezopasnosti lichnosti v sfere ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva: dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. M., 2005.
6.Epixin A.Yu. Obespechenie bezopasnosti lichnosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. SPb.: Izd-vo R. Aslanova «Yuridicheskij centr Press», 2004. S. 53–54.
7.Epixin A.Yu., Mishin A.V. Znachenie mezhotraslevy`x svyazej instituta bezopasnosti uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Pravovoe regulirovanie kul`turno-dosugovy`x otnoshenij i sportivnoj deyatel`nosti v kontekste obshhestvenny`x i nravstvenny`x cennostej: sovremennoe sostoyanie i mirovy`e tendencii: sb. materialov Mezhdunar. nauchn.-prakt. konf. (Cheboksary`, 26–27 aprelya 2019 g.). Cheboksary`: Izd-vo Chuvash. un-ta, 2019. S. 504–509.
8.Zajcev O.A. Teoreticheskie i pravovy`e osnovy` gosudarstvennoj zashhity` uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. M., 1999.
9.Zajcev O.A., Epixin A.Yu., Mishin A.V. Problemy` implementacii mezhdunarodnogo opy`ta bezopasnosti uchastnikov rossijskogo ugolovnogo processa // Mezhdunarodnoe ugolovnoe pravo i mezhdunarodnaya yusticiya. 2018. № 2. S. 3–7.
10.Kalinovskij K.B. Mery` po zashhite uchastnikov ugolovnogo processa kak obshhee uslovie predvaritel`nogo rassledovaniya v rossijskom ugolovnom processe // Problemy` gosudarstvennoj zashhity` uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva: materialy` mezhvuzovskoj konferencii, Sankt-Peterburg, Severo-Zapadny`j filial RPA MYu RF, 6 marta 2007 g. SPb., 2007. S. 11–15.
11.Laty`pova E`.Yu., Nechaeva E.V. Sporny`e voprosy` soderzhaniya principa gumanizma v ugolovnom prave // Vestnik Kazanskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2019. T. 10. ? 3. S. 355–360.
12.Raxmatullin R.R. Nekotory`e problemy` kriminalisticheskoj taktiki v sovremenny`x usloviyax. Kazan`: Kazan. fed. un-t, 2014. S. 44.
13.Satdinov L.V. Nekotory`e mezhotraslevy`e voprosy` bezopasnosti lichnosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Kazanskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2015. № 4 (22).
14.Chely`shev M.Yu. Sistema mezhotraslevy`x svyazej grazhdanskogo prava: civilisticheskoe issledovanie: dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk. Kazan`, 2008. S. 14.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Panin V.A.
Crimes in the sphere of housing and communal services committed with the use of counterfeit products
Purpose: Definition of the concept of counterfeit products, a brief description of the responsibility for its turnover, the characteristics of the circumstances of the use of counterfeit products in the field of housing and communal services.
Methodology: Methods of analysis of legal norms and statistical data were used.
Results: The article defines counterfeit products, identifies the responsibility for the introduction of counterfeit goods into circulation, analyzes the facts of the use of counterfeit products in the field of housing and communal services.
Novelty/originality/value: The relevance of the article is due to the growth of statistical indicators that characterize the turnover of counterfeit products on the domestic market.
Keywords: counterfeit products, supply of specialized equipment, illegal trafficking, criminal conspiracy.
References (transliterated)
1.Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii / pod red. A.I. Raroga. 12-e izd. M.: Prospekt, 2020.
2.Kontrafaktnaya texnika v kommunal`nom xozyajstve: bor`ba za ry`nok [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://igrader.ru/communalequipment/kontrafaktnaya-tehnika-v-kommunalnom-hozyaystve-borba-za-ryinok/.
3.Baburin V.V., Bojko O.A., Panov S.L. Oborot kontrafaktny`x stroitel`ny`x materialov: determinanty` i mery` protivodejstviya // Yuridicheskaya nauka i pravooxranitel`naya praktika. 2016. № 1 (35). S. 128–123.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Okhlopkova A.S.
Pre-trial agreement on cooperation
Purpose: Research of the main components of a pre-trial agreement on cooperation.
Methodology: Comparative legal and universal method of cognition was used.
Results: Article reveals of a problem of conclusion of a pre-trial cooperation agreement on cooperation.
Novelty/originality/value: The scientific and practical importance of the allocated subject domain causes high relevance of a subject of a research and need of a research of a problem of application and improvement of a pre-trial cooperation agreement on cooperation.
Keywords: law, pre-trial agreement, cooperation, criminal procedure.
References (transliterated)
1.Axmedov Sh.M. Mezhotraslevoj institut dosudebnogo soglasheniya o sotrudnichestve v zakonodatel`stve zarubezhny`x stran // Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. 2010. № 4. S. 29.
2.Baev O.Ya. O putyax razresheniya nekotory`x «konvergencionny`x» problem otechestvennogo ugolovno-processual`nogo sudoproizvodstva // Biblioteka kriminalista. 2015. № 5. S. 44–45.
3.Dzhatiev V.S. Perspektivy` vvedeniya v Rossijskoj Federacii instituta «sdelki s pravosudiem» // Materialy` kruglogo stola 8 fevralya 2007 g. M., 2007. S. 22.
4.Korchagin A.G., Bryuxov V.V. Podderzhanie obvineniya v otnoshenii licz, s kotory`mi zaklyucheno dosudebnoe soglashenie o sotrudnichestve // Zakonnost`. 2011. № 7. S. 9–11.
5.Jouce P. Criminal Justice. London and New York. Routledge, 2013. P. 204.
6.Serious Organised Crime and Police Act (2005) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2005/15/introduction.
7.Nuove norme in materia di sequestri di persona a scopo di estorsione e per la protezione dei testimoni di giustizia, nonché per la protezione e il trattamento sanzionatorio di coloro che collaborano con la giustizia [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.camera.it/parlam/leggi/01045l.htm.
8.Oxlopkova A.S. Osobennosti unifikacii norm ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva Rossijskoj Federacii v processe konvergencii prava: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2019.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Zatsepin M.N., Zatsepin A.M., Glushkova E.M.
Criminological foundations of criminal law
Purpose: Study of the criminological foundations of criminal law.
Methodology: The article used historical and legal and formal legal methods.
Results: The article contains conclusions regarding the issue under consideration, in particular: 1. criminal law is a system of views on the state's criminal policy, its tasks and the system of legal norms, and criminology studies the criminal law itself, as a system of norms, its history, practice of application, conducts a comparative study of the causes and conditions of crime and the prevention of crimes; 2. criminal law does not directly regulate social relations, its purpose is expressed in the protection of these special relations arising in connection with the commission of crimes; 3. Criminal law represents the starting points that criminology operates on - crime and its types, criminals and their categories, criminal law measures in the system of combating crime.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high scientific value, since it contains the author's analysis and contains proposals for improving individual components of the issue under consideration.
Keywords: criminal law, criminology, justice, law and order, crime.
References (transliterated)
1.Dolgova A.I. Prestupnost`, ee organizovannost` i kriminal`noe obshhestvo. M.: Rossijskaya kriminologicheskaya associaciya, 2003.
2.Zakonomernosti prestupnosti, strategiya bor`by` i zakon / pod red. prof. A.I. Dolgovoj. M.: Rossijskaya kriminologicheskaya associaciya, 2001.
3.Itogi goda: ot polnoj svobody` do dolgix srokov – bitva Titova s silovikami i sud`yami. 13.01.2021 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://pasmi.ru/archive/296842/.
4.Kiberkrazhi s bankovskix schetov vy`rosli na 60 %. 05.04.2021 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://pravo.ru/news/230643/.
5.Lebedev: polovina del ob OPS razvalivaetsya v sude [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://pravo.ru/news/218540/.
6.Prestupnost`, nacional`naya bezopasnost`, biznes / pod obshh. red. prof. A.I. Dolgovoj. M.: Rossijskaya kriminologicheskaya associaciya, 2012. S. 650.
7.Problemy` determinacii i preduprezhdeniya pre-stupnosti / pod red. prof. A.I. Dolgovoj. M.: Rossijskaya kriminologicheskaya associaciya, 2017.
8.Reagirovanie na prestupnost`: koncepcii, zakon, praktika. M.: Rossijskaya kriminologicheskaya associaciya, 2002. S. 308.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Akimenko M.A.
The article examines some criminological features of the manifestation of criminal activity of trans-national criminal groups during the spread of COVID–19 coronavirus infection
Purpose: To study some aspects of the criminal activity of transnational criminal groups in the context of the COVID–19 pandemic.
Methodology: Sociological and formal legal methods were used.
Results: The article examines some criminological features of the manifestation of criminal activity of transnational criminal groups during the spread of COVID–19 coronavirus infection. The author suggests some mechanisms for countering transnational organized crime in the conditions of the spread of a new coronavirus infection.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has sufficient scientific value, since it is one of the first attempts to consider the features of the manifestation of criminal activity of transnational organized crime in the context of the development of a new coronavirus infection.
Keywords: COVID–19, pandemic, crime.
References (transliterated)
1.O sostoyanii prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii v 1-m kvartale 2020 godam [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://mvd.rf/news/item/19986723.
2.Vladimir Ovchinskij. Prestupnost`: kak menyaetsya kriminal v period pandemii [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://izborsk-club.ru/19029.
3.O sostoyanii prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii v 1-m kvartale 2020 goda [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://mvd.rf/news/item/19986723/.